LGBT tourism

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The Castro in San Francisco.

LGBT tourism (or gay tourism) is a form of tourism marketed to gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people.[1] People might be open about their sexual orientation and gender identity at times, but less so in areas known for violence against LGBT people.[2][3]

The main components of LGBT tourism is for destinations, accommodations, and travel services wishing to attract LGBT tourists; people looking to travel to LGBT-friendly destinations; people wanting travel with other LGBT people when traveling regardless of the destination; and LGBT travelers who are mainly concerned with cultural and safety issues.[4] The slang term gaycation has come to imply a version of a vacation that includes a pronounced aspect of LGBT culture, either in the journey or destination.[5] The LGBT tourism industry includes destinations (tourism offices and CVBs), travel agents, accommodations and hotel groups, tour companies, cruise lines, and travel advertising and promotions companies who market these destinations to the gay community.[4] Coinciding with the increased visibility of LGBT people raising children in the 1990s, an increase in family-friendly LGBT tourism has emerged in the 2000s, for instance R Family Vacations which includes activities and entertainment geared towards couples including same-sex weddings. R Family's first cruise was held aboard Norwegian Cruise Lines's Norwegian Dawn with 1600 passengers including 600 children.[6][7]

Major companies in the travel industry have become aware of the substantial money (also known as the "pink dollar" or "pink pound") generated by this marketing niche and have made it a point to align themselves with the gay community and gay tourism campaigns.[8] According to a 2000 Travel University report, 10% of international tourists were gay and lesbian, accounting for more than 70 million arrivals worldwide.[9] This market segment is expected to continue to grow as a result of ongoing acceptance of LGBT people and changing attitudes towards sexual and gender minorities.[4] Outside larger companies, LGBT tourists are offered other traditional tourism tools, such as hospitality networks of LGBT individuals who offer each other hospitality during their travels and even home swaps where people live in each other's homes.[10] Also available worldwide are social groups for resident and visiting gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender expatriates and friends.[11]

LGBT travel destinations[edit]

Typical gay club in LGBT tourist destination - old Puerto Vallarta, Mexico

Gay travel destinations are popular because they usually have permissive or liberal attitudes towards gays, provides infrastructure friendly to LGBT travelers (bars, businesses, restaurants, hotels, nightlife, entertainment, media, organizations, etc.), the opportunity to socialize.[2][4]

Gay travel destinations are often large cities, and can coincide with the existence of gay neighborhoods. These neighborhoods often work actively to develop their reputations as safe and fun for LGBT people to travel to.

According to (in 2019) the top gay-friendly destinations in the world are: 1. Puerto Vallarta, Mexico; 2. New York City, USA; 3. San Francisco, USA; 4. London, England; 5. Bangkok, Thailand; 6. Miami, USA; 7. Amsterdam, Netherlands; 8. Madrid, Spain; 9. Berlin, Germany.[12] Other notable LGBT destinations include Sydney Australia, Palm Springs USA, Mykonos and Lesbos Greece, Gran Canary island and Ibiza Spain.

The LGBT tourism industry represents an estimated annual US $65 billion on gay travel in the USA alone, according In Europe, the gay tourism market has been estimated at €50 billion per year by the Gay European Tourism Association. The adult LGBT community in the USA had a total economic spending power of more than $600 billion per year in 2007, according to Witeck-Combs,[13] and by 2016 this had grown to $917 billion.[14] Some governments tend to highlight this for foreign visitors, like the official US website[15] that promotes historic New York places in Greenwich Village, such as Stonewall Inn or Eve's Hangout,[16] that are iconic spots for Europeans.[17]

Philadelphia was the first destination in the world to create and air a television commercial specifically geared towards practitioners of gay tourism. Philadelphia was also the first destination to commission a research study aimed at a specific destination to learn about gay travel to a specific city.[citation needed]

Tourism planners[edit]

The International Gay and Lesbian Travel Association (IGLTA) holds an annual world convention and four symposia in different tourism destinations around the world.[18] Each symposium attracts over 500 representatives of convention & visitor bureaus, tour agencies and travel publications that specialize in the gay and lesbian market. The association was founded in 1983, and it currently represents over 2000 members. Its headquarters are in Fort Lauderdale, Florida.[19] The "17th International Conference on Gay & Lesbian Tourism" was held in Las Vegas, Nevada, United States, on 11–13 December 2016.

With nine issues a year, Passport Magazine is currently the only gay and lesbian travel magazine still in publication in the United States.[citation needed] It is available internationally. Spartacus International and FunMaps of Maplewood, New Jersey have promoted gay- and lesbian-friendly businesses since 1982. One of Europe's gay and lesbian travel marketing specialists is Out Now Consulting.

The Gay European Tourism Association (GETA) works to promote and enhance LGBT tourism in Europe.[20]

LGBT activist Juan P. Julia Blanch opened first Gay-friendly hotel chain Axel Hotels in different cities and countries around the world.[21][22][23][24][25]

LGBT family travel[edit]

In July 2004 Rosie O’Donnell launched “R Family Cruises”, the first cruise that is specifically designed for and directed at LGBT parents with kids.[citation needed] Since many LGBT-friendly resorts and hotels have a no kids policy, LGBT families have limited options of traveling (with the whole family) within their own community.[citation needed]

There are LGBT camps that help struggling families. The camps offer fun activities like swimming, horseback riding, and campfires but they also offer confidence-building workshops, affirmation exercises, and social justice programs- all very important offerings to the LGBT community.[citation needed]

LGBT events[edit]

According to the top ten best gay pride events are:

  1. Sydney Mardi Gras
  2. Amsterdam’s Canal Parade
  3. Berlin Pride
  4. Buenos Aires gay pride event
  5. San Francisco Pride Celebration
  6. London’s Pride Festival
  7. New York City Pride
  8. Madrid Pride
  9. Montreal
  10. Pensacola Memorial Day Weekend.[26]

The Lesbian and Gay City Festival in Berlin started in 1993 and about 450,000 – 500,000 people attend every year.[citation needed]

A few more to note: These are the largest but in unique categories, the first is the largest “unofficial gay pride event”, the second is the largest free gay pride event, and the third is the largest small town gay pride event:

Gay Days at Walt Disney World in Orlando, Florida. This is held the first weekend in June and is one of the biggest unofficial gay pride events in the world. Since Gay Days started, about 150,000 people attend this six-day event that includes “17 pool parties, a business expo, a comic-book convention, a film festival, an after-hours trip to a Disney water park (think dance music and guys in very small swimsuits), bobble-head painting, and tie-dying for the kids, rivers of alcohol for the adults, and on June 5th the great culmination: 20,000 to 30,000 lesbians, gays, and their families and friends descending on Disney World, everyone clad in red shirts to signify their presence. (Cloud)”

Seattle Pride in Seattle, Washington. It's held the last weekend of June, and it is the largest free pride festival in the country. It includes the Capitol Hill Pride Festival that has outdoor stages, a Kids Zone that has family entertainment until 6pm- events after 6pm are 21 and over. Then on Sunday is the Gay Pride Parade that goes through downtown Seattle and ends at a larger festival at the Seattle Center. It includes “4 stages, world-class entertainment, action and advocacy for the LGBT community, and thousands of vendors.

East-Central Minnesota Pride in Pine City, Minnesota. It's held the first weekend in June and, in 2005, it was the first small town gay pride in the United States. It has endured despite protests from conservative Christians, and it bills itself as "Minnesota's Small Town Gay Pride!", pulling people in from across east-central Minnesota and beyond.[27][28]

Please refer to List of LGBT events for listings and dates of gay pride events

LGBT travel resources[edit]

Many OTA travel websites now feature LGBT travel search options. The most popular travel resources are still ones from local LGBT media organizations and online LGBT news and lifestyle websites.[29][30] The U.S. Department of State- Bureau of Consular Affairs now offers information about LGBTI travel and gives you tips about what you can do before traveling. It also gives you lots of good information about different issues you should have taken care of before traveling. If a LGBTI family is traveling together they provide a pocket book people can take with them on their trip to ensure they don't run into any issues.

In 69 UN member states, there are laws that criminalize consensual same-sex relationships.[31] It's important to check the laws of the country before traveling to avoid issues.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Greenberg, Peter (2007). The Complete Travel Detective Bible: The Consummate Insider Tells You What You Need to Know in an Increasingly Complex World. Rodale. ISBN 9781594867088. Preview.
  2. ^ a b Friskopp, Annette; Silverstein, Sharon (1996). Straight Jobs Gay Lives: Gay and Lesbian Professionals, the Harvard Business School, and the American Workplace. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 9780684824130. Preview.
  3. ^ Wieder, Judy (14 April 2004). "Shipping Out, Olivia Style on the Mexican Riviera: Olivia Cruises is everything people say it is, and absolutely nothing like it". Out Traveller.
  4. ^ a b c d Guaracino, Jeff (2007). Gay and lesbian tourism: the essential guide for marketing. Butterworth-Heinemann. ISBN 9780750682329. Preview.
  5. ^ Baughman, James Keir (2003). Villages by an Emerald Sea: America's New Rivera, Northwest Florida's magnificent emerald coast. Baughman Literary Group. ISBN 9780979044304. Preview.
  6. ^ "Q and A with Rosie and Kelli on "All Aboard! Rosie's Family Cruise"". Planet Out. 2006. Archived from the original on 26 May 2006. Retrieved 21 June 2007.
  7. ^ Davis, Andrew (12 January 2005). "Getting Away with R Family Vacations". Windy City Times. Retrieved 21 June 2007.
  8. ^ Danuta Walters, Suzanna (2003). All the rage: the story of gay visibility in America. Chicago: Chicago University Press. ISBN 9780226872322. Preview.
  9. ^ "Travel University Report: Specialty Travel – Gay". Travel University. Archived from the original on 2012-05-05. Retrieved 2012-04-01.
  10. ^ Home Sweet Swap: Who needs a hotel when you can trade your own abode for a fab flat? Welcome to the world of gay home exchange networks Archived 2009-01-14 at the Wayback Machine by Lauren Ragland; Out Traveler – Spring 2006.
  11. ^ Chesnut, Mark (2002). The gay vacation guide: the best trips and how to plan them. Kensington Books. ISBN 9780758202666. Preview.
  12. ^ "GayTravel's Top Destinations for LGBT Travel in 2019". GayTravel.
  13. ^ Witeck-Combs Communications. "The Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender (GLBT) Population At-A-Glance" (PDF).
  14. ^ "LGBT Purchasing Power Near $1 Trillion Rivals Other Minorities". 2016-07-20. Retrieved 2021-05-10.
  15. ^ "Profiter de la Pride pour explorer Greenwich Village, New York". Visit The USA.
  16. ^
  17. ^ Baumgartl, Dirk (December 12, 2019). "NEW YORK: Stadtgeschichten". männer*.
  18. ^ "IGLTA Convention". International Gay and Lesbian Travel Association.
  19. ^ "International Gay and Lesbian Travel Association". International Gay and Lesbian Travel Association. Archived from the original on 2011-12-14. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
  20. ^ "Home page". Gay European Tourism Association.
  21. ^ "El armario de… Juan P.Juliá Blanch". (in Spanish). 23 January 2012. Retrieved 4 December 2019.
  22. ^ "Axel Hotel In New York? "Gay Hotel" Reportedly Coming To Hell's Kitchen". HuffPost. 18 March 2010. Retrieved 4 December 2019.
  23. ^ "Juan Juliá se aferra a la 'patronal gay' pese a llevarse su empresa". Crónica Global (in Spanish). 7 December 2017. Retrieved 4 December 2019.
  24. ^ "Первый отель 5* для геев открылся в Буэнос-Айресе". (in Russian). 1 November 2007. Retrieved 4 December 2019.
  25. ^ "В Берлине построен дружелюбный к гетеросексулам гей-отель". 5 March 2009. Retrieved 4 December 2019.
  26. ^ May 25; 2011 (2011-05-25). "10 Best Gay Pride Events". Gay Travel. Retrieved 2019-04-04.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  27. ^ "Minnesota's only small town Pride festival will celebrate 10 years on Sunday in Pine City". May 30, 2014.
  28. ^ "2015 Pride Round-Up". May 21, 2015.
  29. ^ Groffman, Adam. "Your Ultimate Guide to LGBT Gay Travel Resources". Travels of Adam. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  30. ^ Tang, Vivienne. "LGBTQ Travel". Destination Deluxe. Retrieved 4 June 2020.
  31. ^ "State-Sponsored Homophobia report - 2020 global legislation overview update". ILGA. 2020-12-14. Retrieved 2021-05-10.

Report on the number and value of gay European tourists – by GETA – the Gay European Tourism Association (2013).


Cloud, J. (2010). "Gay Days in the Magic Kingdom". Time, 175(24), 69–70.

Link, M. (2007). "Fantastic family fun". Advocate, (983), 52–53.

Scott Gatz. (2009). Advocate, (1027/1028), 87.

External links[edit]