LIGO Scientific Collaboration
|Headquarters||California Institute of Technology and Massachusetts Institute of Technology, United States|
Executive Director of LIGO
|Award(s)||Special Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics (2016)|
Gruber Prize in Cosmology (2016)
Enrico Fermi Prize (2016)
Bruno Rossi Prize (2017)
Albert Einstein Medal (2017)
Princess of Asturias Award (2017)
The LIGO Scientific Collaboration (LSC) is a scientific collaboration of international physics institutes and research groups dedicated to the search for gravitational waves.
The LSC was established in 1997, under the leadership of Barry Barish. Its mission is to ensure equal scientific opportunity for individual participants and institutions by organizing research, publications, and all other scientific activities, and it includes scientists from both LIGO Laboratory and collaborating institutions. Barish appointed Rainer Weiss as the first spokesperson.
LSC members have access to the US-based Advanced LIGO detectors in Hanford, Washington and in Livingston, Louisiana, as well as the GEO 600 detector in Sarstedt, Germany. Under an agreement with the European Gravitational Observatory (EGO), LSC members also have access to data from the Virgo detector in Pisa, Italy. While the LSC and the Virgo Collaboration are separate organizations, they cooperate closely and are referred to collectively as "LVC".
In 2016, Barish received the Enrico Fermi Prize "for his fundamental contributions to the formation of the LIGO and LIGO-Virgo scientific collaborations and for his role in addressing challenging technological and scientific aspects whose solution led to the first detection of gravitational waves".
Membership of LIGO Scientific Collaboration as of November 2015 is detailed in the table below.
- "About the LSC". LIGO Scientific Collaboration. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
- "LSC/Virgo Census". myLIGO. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
- Committee on Setting Priorities for NSF-Sponsored Large Research Facility Projects, Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy, Policy and Global Affairs, Board on Physics and Astronomy, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, National Research Council. (2004). Setting Priorities for Large Research Facility Projects Supported by the National Science Foundation. National Academies Press. pp. 129–136.
- Gabriela González, Fulvio Ricci, LIGO Scientific Collaboration, Virgo Collaboration (2015-12-06). "Open call for partnership for the EM identification and follow-up of GW candidate events" (PDF). Retrieved 25 May 2016.
- Twilley, Nicola. "Gravitational Waves Exist: The Inside Story of How Scientists Finally Found Them". The New Yorker. ISSN 0028-792X. Retrieved 2016-02-11.
- Abbott, B.P.; et al. (2016). "Observation of Gravitational Waves from a Binary Black Hole Merger". Phys. Rev. Lett. 116: 061102. arXiv:1602.03837. Bibcode:2016PhRvL.116f1102A. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.061102. PMID 26918975.
- Naeye, Robert (11 February 2016). "Gravitational Wave Detection Heralds New Era of Science". Sky and Telescope. Retrieved 11 February 2016.
- Castelvecchi, Davide; Witze, Alexandra (11 February 2016). "Einstein's gravitational waves found at last". Nature News. doi:10.1038/nature.2016.19361. Retrieved 11 February 2016.
- "2016 Enrico Fermi Prize". Società Italiana di Fisica.