LINK Train

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Not to be confused with Union Pearson Express.
LINK Train
GTAA LINK train clip.JPG
LINK train approaching Terminal 1 Station in 2012
Overview
Type People mover
Status Operational
Locale Toronto Pearson International Airport, Mississauga, Canada
Termini Terminal 1
Viscount
Stations 3
Services 1
Daily ridership 17,000 (2012)
Operation
Opened July 6, 2006
Owner Greater Toronto Airport Authority
Operator(s) Greater Toronto Airport Authority
Character Elevated
Rolling stock DCC Cable Liner
Technical
Line length 1.47 km (0.91 mi)
Track length 1.46 km (0.91 mi)
Number of tracks 2 parallel shuttles
Track gauge Automated guideway transit
Electrification 36 mm Cable Propelled Transit
Operating speed 43.2 km/h (26.84 mph)
Route map

The LINK Train is an automated people mover (APM) at Toronto Pearson International Airport in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada.[1][2] The wheelchair-accessible train runs 24 hours a day, seven days a week and is completely free-of-charge to ride. In 2012, it transported 17,000 passengers daily, 60- to 70% of whom were airport staff.[3]

History[edit]

The original proposal for an automated people mover system at Pearson Airport was submitted in May 2002.[citation needed] Six months later, on November 15, 2002, a $55-million contract was signed with DCC Doppelmayr Cable Car GmbH of Wolfurt, Austria, followed by four years of construction, and the system opened to the public on July 6, 2006. The new service initially operating alongside its predecessor, the LINK shuttle bus system.

The system cost $150 million.[4]

Design and rolling stock[edit]

The LINK Train uses a pair of Cable Liner trains.[1][2] They use a cable-hauled, drive and tension system. Each train has capacity for 175 passengers with baggage (25 per car: 17 standing, 8 seated) or 2,500 passengers per hour per direction (pphpd).[5]

  • Married set formed of cars  1.1 + 1.2 + 1.3 + 1.4 + 1.5 + 1.6 + 1.7  Handicapped/disabled access
  • Married set formed of cars  2.1 + 2.2 + 2.3 + 2.4 + 2.5 + 2.6 + 2.7  Handicapped/disabled access

The two trains, plus a small work car, cost a total of $56 million CAD when delivered.[2] They were refurbished in 2013, and received a new paint scheme, new seats, and a seventh car (they were originally delivered and used as six-car trains).[6]

Stations and operation[edit]

The two fully elevated lines, running side-by-side, are 1.46 kilometres (0.91 mi) long, reach a maximum speed of 43.2 kilometres per hour (26.8 mph).[citation needed], and have a travel time of three minutes one way. They serve a total of three stations:

LINK lines around Terminal 1 station, before construction of the Union Pearson Express.
The interior of the Terminal 3 LINK Train station.

The 1,473 metres (4,833 ft) elevated system

Both lines operate independently in shuttle mode with a total capacity of up to 2,180 pphpd.[2] The trains run on rubber tires on a smooth steel surface and all propulsion is provided by the rope. The absence of onboard motors, braking systems and gearboxes eliminates excessive noise, oil spills from the trains, and dust from brakes.[3] Doppelmayr asserts that a cable-driven APM is the most environmentally responsible solution for transportation in high density applications.[7]

Specifications
Length 1,473 metres (4,833 ft)
Configuration Dual track shuttle with two trains operating independently
Operating Speed 43.2 kilometres per hour (26.8 mph)
Headway 250 s
Dwell Time 36 s
Guideway Elevated steel tube truss
System Capacity 2,500 pphpd
Stations 3
Trains Two 7-car trains
Train Capacity 25 passengers/vehicle, 175 passengers/train
The interior of an unrefubished LINK Train car showing the original seats.

Disruptions[edit]

On March 30, 2009, the LINK Train was put out of service for extensive maintenance due to engineering design flaws. During this time, service was replaced by an inter-terminal shuttle bus contracted to Penetang-Midland Coach Lines.[citation needed] Normal service resumed in July 2009.[3]

On March 16, 2013, the LINK Train was shut down for approximately eight months during construction of the Union Pearson Express. The trains were refurbished during this time and received a seventh car, new seats, and a new paint scheme.[8]

Connections[edit]

The Union Pearson Express airport rail link service between Pearson Airport and Union Station in Downtown Toronto opened on June 6, 2015, in time for the 2015 Pan American Games.[3] It directly serves Terminal 1, with a connection to Terminal 3 via the LINK Train.

A number of public transport bus services in the GTA have a stop on the lower level of Terminal 1; these include the Toronto Transit Commission (TTC), MiWay, Brampton Transit, and GO Transit. The TTC has an additional stop on the lower level at Terminal 3, served after departing Terminal 1.

As originally proposed, the Eglinton Crosstown LRT was to connect Pearson Airport with Scarborough by 2018 as part of the Transit City plan.[9] [10] However, when the four Transit City lines were found to be $2.4 billion over their funding envelope in January 2010, parts of the network were deferred, including the western section of the Eglinton Crosstown LRT.[citation needed] A future extension could eventually reach the airport, completing the line as envisioned.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d The 1.5 km line connects Terminals 1 and 3 (there is no longer a Terminal 2) and the Viscount Reduced Rate parking lot and garage. Irwin Rapoport (2006-07-06). "Airport opens automated people mover: New train system connects three terminals, parking area". Toronto: Daily Commercial News. Archived from the original on 2013-02-12. It’s a 1.5-kilometre train with three stations gliding along an elevated guideway connecting Terminals 1, 3 and a reduced rate parking area serving both passengers and employees of the Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA). 
  2. ^ a b c d Tess Kalinowski (2012-05-21). "Pearson's cable-propelled transit LINK is TTC rider's dream". Toronto: Toronto Star. Archived from the original on 2013-02-12. Propelled on a continuous loop of 36mm hydraulic cable, the LINK system is actually two driverless trains that operate side by side on an elevated guideway, shuttling back and forth on a 1.5-km, three-stop route in about four minutes. 
  3. ^ McGran, Kevin (19 June 2006). "Testing, testing, bump; Volunteers try out airport monorail". Toronto Star. p. B05. 
  4. ^ The Canadian Architect, Volume 49. Southam Business Publications. 2004. p. 13. Retrieved 2013-02-12. Scheduled to begin operations in 2006, the GTAA's new Automated People Mover (APM) will have the ability to carry as many as 2.150 people each way every hour in the first phase of operations. 
  5. ^ Automated People Mover (APM): Planner's guide. DCC Doppelmayr Cable Car GmbH. 2008. p. 89.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  6. ^ References. DCC Doppelmayr Cable Car GmbH. 2008. p. 7.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  7. ^ "Terminal Link Train Is Back In Service - Toronto Pearson Employee Community". Toronto Pearson International Airport. November 8, 2013. Retrieved November 8, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Commission Report Macro" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2013-02-12. Retrieved 2010-03-11. 
  9. ^ Jack Collins (2010-05-19). "Achieving 5 in 10: A Revised Plan for the Big 5 Transit Projects" (PDF). Metrolinx. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2013-02-12. 

External links[edit]