LIPIA

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
LIPIA
معهد العلوم الإسلامية والعربية في إندونيسيا
Location in Java
Location of LIPIA

Latin: The Institute of Islamic and Arabic Sciences in Indonesia

LIPIA is located in Jakarta
LIPIA
LIPIA
Location of LIPIA in Jakarta
Founder(s) Imam Muhammad ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh
Established 1980 CE
Focus Education
President Dr. Khaled Muhammad Ad-Diham
Head Dr. Muhammad al-Mu'tiq
Owner Saudi Arabia
Formerly called LPBA
Location Jakarta,  Indonesia
Address Jalan Buncit Raya No.5A, Jakarta
Website www.lipia.org

LIPIA (Arabic: معهد العلوم الإسلامية والعربية في إندونيسيا‎, translit. Ma'had al-ʻulumi al-Islamiyyah wal 'arabiyah fi Indunisia; Indonesian: Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Islam dan Bahasa Arab; English: Islamic and Arabic College of Indonesia) is an educational institution established in Jakarta. The college is a branch of the Imam Muhammad ibn Saud Islamic University in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The main purpose is to teach Arabic and Islam. The college also teaches Wahhabi Madhab, a branch of Salafi.

History[edit]

The College was founded in 1980 to provide education with concentrations in Arabic and Islamic religion for Indonesian students with approval from the Royal Court, No. 5/n/26710. The name of the college was Arabic Teaching Institute ("Lembaga Pendidikan Bahasa Arab") until 1986. The college gives scholarship to its top students to continue their education to Imam Muhammad ibn Saud Islamic University in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The most well known organizations that serve as primary conduits of Saudi funding in Indonesia are the Dewan Dakwah Islamiyah Indonesia (the Indonesian Society for the Propagation of Islam, or DDII) and LIPIA.[1]

Although the vision of the LIPIA establishment is to be the distinguished leader in creative learning, teaching and research in Islamic and Arabic sciences, it has also became a channel for Saudi government to spread its ideology. The salafi movement in early 1990s in Indonesia began to develop on university campuses, but mostly gained impetus with the arrival of other Middle-eastern educated and Soviet-Afghan War veterans.[2] Following the 1979 Shia revolution in Iran and the Iranian/Saudi hegemonic conflict that ensued, Indonesia took on major strategic importance for Saudi religious politics.[3] LIPIA not only helps Saudi Arabia to influence Indonesian society, it also provides a gateway to all of Southeast Asia.[3]

All lectures taught in LIPIA are delivered in Arabic language and about 80–90 percent of the lecturers are from Saudi Arabia. It has very high acceptance standard, where only 200 students are accepted out of 2000 applicants. Once they are admitted, they do not need to pay any tuition, even they are paid stipends. 200 students graduate from the college every year.[4]

The college teaches Wahhabi Madhab, a branch of Salafi.[1][5] Every student has to learn the teachings of Ibn Taimiyah. The college was also influenced by Al-Ikhwan al-Muslimin,[4] and some of its lecturers were influenced by the Muslim brotherhood doctrine. Many of the alumni later became Salafi activists, preachers or teachers. Some of the alumni then open other institutions based on Wahhabism and funded by Saudi Arabia.[6][7] Ulil Abshar Abdalla noted that LIPIA's Wahhabism curriculum predisposes its graduates to adopt an attitude hostile to the local Indonesian culture and Muslim practices.[7] Top male students, who are willing to learn the Koran by heart and can be expected to propagate Saudi ideas in Southeast Asia, are given grants for the Imam Muhammad bin Saud University in Riyadh. Their stay in Riyadh is intended to make them more committed to Wahhabi values and more sympathetic to Saudi rule.[3]

Some figures who have studied at LIPIA are Jafar Umar Thalib, Yazid bin Abdul Qadir Jawas,[8] Muhammad Rizieq Shihab, and Ulil Abshar Abdalla.[7]

Program[edit]

The program is in the format of courses that include learning the Quran and Arabic language free of charge to people who are interested in participating. The program is held on Saturday and Sunday on a weekly basis. The classes are held for two Semester (24-week or 192 hours) which are adjusted to LIPIA school calendar.[9] Lessons in Jakarta transfer deeply rooted discourses from Saudi Arabia to Indonesia, with teachers required to impart the superiority of the Hanbali School of Law.[3]

Participants who have passed the final exam will be given a certificate of LIPIA at the end of the course activities.[9] Everyday life on campus is permeated by commandments and prohibitions intended to shape the students according to the Saudi model: Wearing jeans, loud laughter, listening to music, and watching television are all prohibited. In contrast, the common dress style for Salafi men - ankle-length linen pants, sandals, goatees and the use of neem sticks - are all encouraged. Women are expected to veil themselves completely.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b von der Mehden, Fred R. (December 1, 2014). "Saudi Religious Influence in Indonesia". Retrieved February 10, 2016. 
  2. ^ Farish A. Noor, Yoginder Sikand, Martin van Bruinessen, eds. (2008). "Ahmad-Noor A. Noor". The Madrasa in Asia: Political Activism and Transnational Linkages:Volume 2 of ISIM series on contemporary Muslim societies. Amsterdam University Press. p. 303. ISBN 978-9-053567104. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Kovacs, Amanda (2014). "Saudi Arabia Exporting Salafi Education and Radicaling Indonesia's Muslims" (PDF). GIGA Focus. Leibniz-Institut für Globale und Regionale Studien. 7. ISSN 2196-3940. Retrieved February 10, 2016. 
  4. ^ a b Bubalo, Anthony; Fealy, Greg (2007). Jejak Kafilah: Pengaruh Radikalisme Timur Tengah di Indonesia (in Indonesian). Mizan Pustaka. pp. 94–101. ISBN 978-9-79433-476-8. 
  5. ^ Kinzer, Stephen (June 11, 2017). "Saudi Arabia is destabilizing the world". Boston Globe. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  6. ^ Hasan, Noorhaidi (2006). Laskar Jihad: ISIM dissertations. SEAP Publications. p. 266. ISBN 978-0-877277408. 
  7. ^ a b c Ramakrishna, Kumar (2014). Islamist Terrorism and Militancy in Indonesia: The Power of the Manichean Mindset. Springer. p. 269. ISBN 978-9-812871947. 
  8. ^ "Penyebaran Salafi Jihadi di Indonesia (Salafi Haroki hingga Ikhwan Quthbiyah)". MuslimMedia News (in Indonesian). August 4, 2014. Retrieved June 16, 2015. 
  9. ^ a b "LIPIA: Profile". Retrieved June 23, 2015. 

External links[edit]