LMS Jubilee Class

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
LMS Jubilee Class
45593 Kolhapur.jpg
Preserved No. 45593 Kolhapur
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Designer William Stanier
Builder
Order number LMS Lot nos. 97, 112, 113, 118, 121, 129
Build date 1934–1936
Total produced 191
Specifications
Configuration 4-6-0
UIC class 2′C h3
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Leading dia. 3 ft 3 12 in (1.003 m)
Driver dia. 6 ft 9 in (2.057 m)
Length 64 ft 8 34 in (19.73 m)
Loco weight 79.55 long tons (89.10 short tons; 80.83 t)
Tender weight 54.65 long tons (61.21 short tons; 55.53 t)
Fuel type Coal
Fuel capacity 9.0 long tons (10.1 short tons; 9.1 t)
Water cap 3,500 imp gal (16,000 l; 4,200 US gal) Fowler tender - 4,000 imp gal (18,000 l; 4,800 US gal) Stanier tender
Firebox:
 • Firegrate area
29 12 or 31 sq ft (2.74 or 2.88 m2)
Boiler LMS type 3A
Boiler pressure 225 psi (1.55 MPa)
Heating surface:
 • Tubes and flues
1,372 to 1,470 sq ft (127.5 to 136.6 m2)
 • Firebox 162 or 181 sq ft (15.1 or 16.8 m2)
Superheater:
 • Heating area 228 to 331 sq ft (21.2 to 30.8 m2)
Cylinders Three
Cylinder size 17 in × 26 in (432 mm × 660 mm)
Valve gear Walschaerts
Valve type Piston valves
Performance figures
Tractive effort 26,610 lbf (118.4 kN)
Career
Power class
  • LMS: 5XP
  • BR (pre-1955): 6P
  • BR (post-1955) 6P5F (never displayed on cabsides)
Numbers
  • LMS: 5552–5742
  • BR: 45552–45742
Axle load class BR: Route Availability 8
Withdrawn 1952 (1), 1960–1967
Disposition Four preserved, remainder scrapped
For the details of the two rebuilt locomotives, see LMS Rebuilt Jubilee Class

The London Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS) Jubilee Class is a class of steam locomotive designed for main line passenger work. 191 locomotives were built between 1934 and 1936. They were built concurrently with the LMS Stanier Class 5 4-6-0.

History[edit]

The last five locomotives of Henry Fowler's Patriot class on order, 5552 to 5557, were built with William Stanier’s taper boiler and so became the first of the Jubilee class. 113 locomotives were ordered straight from the drawing board. They were initially a disappointment; their moderate degree of superheating often left them short of steam. Changes to the blastpipe and chimney dimensions helped to transform them.

On 29 April 1935 no. 5552, the first of the class, permanently swapped identities with no. 5642 which had been named Silver Jubilee on 19 April 1935 in recognition of the Silver Jubilee of King George V on 6 May of that year. This change gave the name to the rest of the class, see LMS Jubilee Class 5552 Silver Jubilee. Earlier on (from summer 1934), they had been known as the "Red Staniers" (because of the crimson livery), to distinguish them from the "Black Staniers" (the LMS Stanier Black Five class).[1]

They are often associated[by whom?] with the Midland Division, i.e. the lines inherited from the former Midland Railway. This is because until the late 1950s, it was rare for any 7P locomotives to work south of Leeds.[citation needed] Until then, Jubilees were the largest express engine normally found on the lines running out of St Pancras or radiating from Derby. They could nevertheless be found on main lines throughout the former LMS system.

The power classification was 5XP, in common with the earlier Patriot class.[2] In January 1951, the classification was revised to 6P; this was revised again to 6P5F in November 1955, but the latter change was not applied to the locomotives' cabsides, which continued to show 6P.[3] The two rebuilt locomotives (nos. 5735/6) were reclassified 6P in July 1943,[4] being revised to 7P in 1951.[5]

In 1961 four members of the class were fitted with a double chimney as a final experiment by BR, the double chimney did improve the power of the locos and also improved the coal consumption. Only one member of the double chimneyed Jubilees has survived into preservation and this is 45596 Bahamas.

Construction[edit]

Although built over only a three-year period the class had many variations due to improvements being made as they were built. The major differences were:

  • Boilers – 10 variations, mainly affecting the number of tubes. The earlier boilers were domeless but later boilers were domed. There were two sizes of fire grate area depending on whether the firebox throatplate was straight or sloping.
  • Bogies – Approximately 50 of the earlier locomotives were built with ex-Claughton bogies which had a 6’3” wheelbase compared to the later locomotives built with new bogies that had a wheelbase of 6’ 6”.
  • Smokebox Saddle – The first 113 locomotives were built with a two piece saddle; the rest had a conventional one piece saddle.
  • Tenders – Three basic patterns were fitted; Fowler 3,500 gall. Fowler high-sided (10 off) and Stanier 4,000 gall. However, taking into account rivets, wheelbase, and welds this can be subdivided into a total of eight patterns.

Withdrawal[edit]

One locomotive was scrapped in 1952 due to accident damage. The remaining locomotives were withdrawn between 1960 and 1967.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 21 January 1938, locomotive No. 5568 Western Australia was hauling an express passenger train which was in a head-on collision with an empty stock train at Oakley Junction due to a combination of driver and signalman's errors. Three people were killed and 46 were injured.[6]
  • On 11 October 1943 locomotive 5581 Bihar and Orissa hauling the Leeds - Edinburgh express collided with a freight train being shunted into sidings at Steeton, West Yorkshire. No one was killed but four people were injured.[7][8]
  • On 8 October 1952, an express passenger train overran signals and crashed into the rear of a local train at Harrow and Wealdstone station, Middlesex. Locomotive No. 45637 Windward Islands was one of two locomotives hauling an express passenger train which crashed into the wreckage. A total of 112 people were killed and 340 were injured. The locomotive was consequently scrapped due to damage sustained.
  • On 16 August 1953, locomotive No. 45699 Galatea was hauling a passenger train which became divided and was derailed at Kingsbury, Warwickshire due to a combination of defects on the locomotive and the condition of the track.[9]
  • On 20 July 1959, locomotive No. 45730 Ocean overran a signal and consequently crashed into Dock Junction Signal Box, London. Trains had to be handsignalled into and out of St Pancras station for several days afterwards.[10]

Details[edit]

Preservation[edit]

Four Jubilees have been preserved with two of them 45593 & 45596 being purchased directly from BR for preservation, the other two being rescued from Barry Scrapyard. All four members of the class have operated in preservation and all have operated on the mainline. Presently two members of the class 45690 Leander & 45699 Galatea are operational on the mainline (Galatea required one new set of driving wheels after one of hers was cut up in Barry when she was derailed, she returned to service in 2013) & Leander returned to service in 2012 following an overhaul wearing authentic BR Lined Black.

45596 Bahamas has been undergoing an overhaul at Tyseley Loco Works since 2013 and is being done to full Network Rail standards and it is planned for her to return to service near the end of 2017 with a mainline debut in 2018. 45593 Kolhapur meanwhile is stored inside the shed at Tyseley Loco Works awaiting it's turn in the overhaul queue.

A large number of parts were taken from sister engine 5562 Alberta before she was scrapped and most parts exist on preserved sister engine Galatea.

Number Name Builder Built Withdrawn Location Owners Livery Condition Mainline Certified Photograph Notes
LMS BR
5593 45593 Kolhapur North British Locomotive Company Dec. 1934 Oct. 1967 Tyseley Locomotive Works Tyseley Locomotive Works LMS Crimson Lake Static display, awaiting overhaul. No 5593 Kolhapur standing at Windsor Road.jpg
5596 45596 Bahamas North British Locomotive Company Jan. 1935 Jul. 1966 Tyseley Locomotive Works Bahamas Locomotive Society N/A (will be BR Green) Undergoing overhaul to mainline standards. No (to be certified) 45596 Bahamas outside the Steamport Museum.jpg Only preserved Jubilee fitted with double chimney, planned completion in late 2017.
5690 45690 Leander Crewe Works Mar. 1936 Mar. 1964 West Coast Railway Company, Carnforth Chris Beet BR Black, Early Emblem Returned to service in 2014 following completion of an overhaul. Mainline Certified and boiler ticket expires in 2024. Yes (2014 - 2021) LMS 45690 Leander at Barrow Hill Roundhouse.JPG Black nameplate on fireman's side and red nameplate on driver's side.
5699 45699 Galatea Crewe Works Apr. 1936 Nov. 1964 West Coast Railway Company, Carnforth David Smith BR Crimson, Late Crest Returned to service in 2013 following restoration from scrapyard condition. Mainline Certified and boiler ticket expires in 2023. Yes (2013 - 2020) LMS 45699 Galatea at Carlisle.JPG Wearing unauthentic BR Crimson lake

Gallery[edit]

Sound
info
help
5690 Leander at Boar's Head

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Rowledge & Reed 1984, p. 23.
  2. ^ Rowledge & Reed 1984, p. 5.
  3. ^ Rowledge & Reed 1984, p. 38.
  4. ^ Rowledge & Reed 1984, p. 46.
  5. ^ Rowledge & Reed 1984, p. 47.
  6. ^ Earnshaw, Alan (1989). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 5. Penryn: Atlantic Books. p. 26. ISBN 0-906899-35-4. 
  7. ^ Railways in the Northern Dales -1. The Skipton & Ilkley Line. Wyvern. p. 24. ISBN 0-907941-25-7. 
  8. ^ "Official photo from the Leeds Press Agency, 8 Oxford Row, Leeds 1.". Leeds Press Agency. Retrieved 5 September 2014. 
  9. ^ Earnshaw, Alan (1990). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 6. Penryn: Atlantic Books. p. 31. ISBN 0-906899-37-0. 
  10. ^ Trevena, Arthur (1981). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 2. Redruth: Atlantic Books. p. 42. ISBN 0-906899 03 6. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]