LNER Class J94

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LNER Class J94
ex-WD Hunslet Austerity 0-6-0ST
Harringay West, with ex-WD 0-6-0T geograph-2890663-by-Ben-Brooksbank.jpg
Up freight at Harringay West, with ex-WD 0-6-0T, ex-LNER Class J94
Type and origin
Power typeSteam
BuilderHunslet Engine Company
Build datePurchased in 1946
Total produced75
 • Whyte0-6-0ST
 • UICCn t
Gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Driver dia.4 ft 3 in (1.295 m)
Minimum curve180 ft (54.86 m)
Wheelbase11 ft 0 in (3.35 m)
Length30 ft 4 in (9.25 m)
Axle load13.35 long tons (13.56 t; 14.95 short tons)
Loco weight48.25 long tons (49.02 t; 54.04 short tons)
Fuel typeCoal
Fuel capacity2.25 long tons (2.29 t; 2.52 short tons)
Water cap1,200 imp gal (5,500 l; 1,400 US gal)
 • Firegrate area
16.8 sq ft (1.56 m2)
BoilerRound top outer firebox, 181 tubes, copper or steel inner firebox
Boiler pressure170 psi (1.17 MPa)
Heating surface:
 • Tubes
873 sq ft (81.1 m2)
 • Firebox88 sq ft (8.2 m2)
CylindersTwo, inside
Cylinder size18 in × 26 in (457 mm × 660 mm)
Valve gearStephenson
Valve typeSlide valves
Performance figures
Tractive effort23,870 lbf (106.18 kN)
Power classBR: 4F
DispositionTwo preserved, remainder scrapped

The London and North Eastern Railway (LNER) J94 Class is a class of steam locomotive that was formed when 75 former "Austerity" 0-6-0STs were purchased by the LNER in 1946 from the War Department.


The LNER had had trials with one in November 1945 and bought 75 of them in 1946, numbering them 8006-80. All entered British Railways (BR) service in 1948. BR added 60000 to their numbers so they became 68006-80, and classified them 4F.

They were used for shunting in docks, and other similar work where their short wheelbase meant they could negotiate sharp curves. They were used on the Cromford and High Peak Railway in Derbyshire, where they displaced the ex-North London Railway Class 75 class 2F 0-6-0Ts.

They were withdrawn between 1960 and 1967. A few were sold into industrial use with the National Coal Board (who had several other Austerities) and others.

Stock list[edit]


Two, BR Nos 68077 and 68078 and have been preserved. In addition a large number of Austerities that were used in industry and have survived to preservation. Several of these have been disguised as BR locomotives.

LNER/BR J94s[edit]

Numbers Location Condition
8077 68077 Spa Valley Railway Undergoing Overhaul[1]
8078 68078 Great Central Railway in operation

Locomotives disguised as J94s[edit]

Numbers Builder Works No. Date
68005 RSH 7169 1945
68006 Hunslet 3192 1944
68009 Hunslet 3825 1954
68012 W.G.Bagnall 2746 1944
68012 Hunslet 3193/3887 1944
68030 Hunslet 3777 1952
68067 Hudswell Clarke 1752 1943
68072 Vulcan 5309 1945
68081 Hunslet 2855 1943


The erstwhile Rosebud Kitmaster company produced an unpowered polystyrene injection moulded model kit for 00 gauge, which went on sale in Spring 1961. In early 1963, the Kitmaster brand was sold by its parent company (Rosebud Dolls) to Airfix, who transferred the moulding tools to their own factory; they re-introduced some of the former Kitmaster range, including this locomotive. The tool (for this model) was destroyed in a fire at the premises of Dapol Model Railways Ltd in Winsford, Cheshire so that Dapol were unable to produce further kits after their first two production runs totalling 4000 kits after acquisition of the former Airfix moulds.[2][page needed]


  1. ^ Dives, M. (6 September 2006). "LNER J94 No. 68077". Spa Valley Railway. Archived from the original on 3 March 2012.
  2. ^ Knight, Stephen (1999). Let's Stick Together: An Appreciation of Kitmaster and Airfix Railway Kits. Clopthill: Irwell Press. ISBN 1-871608-90-2.
  • Lambert, A.P.; Woods, J.C. Continent, Coalfield and Conservation - The Biographical History of the British Army Austerity 0-6-0 Saddle Tank. ISBN 0-901096-63-6.
  • Locomotives Illustrated No.61 - The Hunslet 'Austerity' 0-6-0STs. Ian Allan Ltd. 1988. (Introduction by Don Townsley)
  • Yeadon, Willie (1999). Yeadon's Register of LNER Locomotives Vol.15: Classes J94, O6, and O7 the engines from the years of expediency. Challenger.

External links[edit]