Low Orbit Ion Cannon
NewEraCracker LOIC GUI
|Original author(s)||Praetox Technologies|
|Operating system||Windows, Linux, Mac OS X, Android|
|Website||LOIC at SourceForge|
Low Orbit Ion Cannon (LOIC) is an open source network stress testing and denial-of-service attack application, written in C#. LOIC was initially developed by Praetox Technologies, but was later released into the public domain, and now is hosted on several open source platforms.
LOIC performs a denial-of-service (DoS) attack (or when used by multiple individuals, a DDoS attack) on a target site by flooding the server with TCP or UDP packets with the intention of disrupting the service of a particular host. People have used LOIC to join voluntary botnets.
Security experts quoted by the BBC indicated that well-written firewall rules can filter out most traffic from DDoS attacks by LOIC, thus preventing the attacks from being fully effective. Specifically, it has been claimed that filtering out all UDP and ICMP traffic helps to effectively address LOIC attacks. Because internet service providers provide less bandwidth to each of their customers in order to provide guaranteed service levels for all of their customers at once, firewall rules of sort are more likely to be effective when implemented at a point upstream of an application server's internet uplink. In other words, it is easy to cause an ISP to drop traffic destined for a customer by sending a greater amount of traffic than is allowed on that customer's link, and any filtration that occurs on the customer side after the traffic traverses that link will not stop the service provider from dropping excess traffic destined for that customer. 
LOIC attacks are easily identified in system logs, and the attack can be tracked down to the IP addresses used at the attack.
Project Chanology and Operation Payback
LOIC was used by 4chan during Project Chanology to attack websites from the Church of Scientology, once more to (successfully) attack the Recording Industry Association of America's website in October 2010, and again during Operation Payback in December 2010 to attack the websites of companies and organizations that opposed WikiLeaks.
In retaliation for the shut down of the file sharing service Megaupload and the arrest of four workers, Anonymous DDoSed the websites of UMG (the company responsible for the lawsuit against Megaupload), the United States Department of Justice, the United States Copyright Office, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the MPAA, Warner Brothers Music and the RIAA, as well as the HADOPI, all on the afternoon of January 19, 2012, through LOIC.
Origin of name
- "Praetox Techlologies". Archived from the original on Oct 8, 2010.
- "LOIC | Free Security & Utilities software downloads at". Sourceforge.net. Retrieved 2013-11-22.
- "NewEraCracker/LOIC · GitHub". Github.com. Retrieved 2013-11-22.
- "Pro-Wikileaks activists abandon Amazon cyber attack". BBC News. 9 December 2010.
- Warren, Christina (December 9, 2010). "How Operation Payback Executes Its Attacks". Mashable.
- "Anonymous Wikileaks supporters explain web attacks". BBC. 10 December 2010. Retrieved 11 December 2010.
- "The attacks on GRC.COM" (PDF). GRC.com. 2001-02-06. Retrieved 2012-01-25.
- Nardi, Tom (March 3, 2012). "Low Orbit Ion Cannon: Exposed". The Powerbase. Retrieved March 4, 2012.
- Norton, Quinn (2012-01-01). "Anonymous 101 Part Deux: Morals Triumph Over Lulz". Wired.com. Retrieved 2013-11-22.
- Hachman, Mark (October 29, 2010). "'Anonymous' DDoS Attack Takes Down RIAA Site". PC Magazine.
- Moses, Asher (December 9, 2010). "The Aussie who blitzed Visa, MasterCard and PayPal with the Low Orbit Ion Cannon". The Age (Melbourne).
- "Anonymous Wikileaks supporters mull change in tactics". BBC News. December 10, 2010.
- "Anonymous Hackers Hit DOJ, FBI, Universal Music, MPAA And RIAA After MegaUpload Takedown". Forbes. Retrieved 2013-11-22.
- metatags generator (2012-09-27). "Low Orbit Ion Cannon". Web.archive.org. Retrieved 2013-11-22.
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