LSWR B4 class

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
LSWR B4 Class
Normandy at work 1.jpg
Preserved Normandy on the Bluebell Railway.
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Designer William Adams
Builder LSWR Nine Elms
Build date 1891 (10), 1893 (10), 1908 (5)
Total produced 25
Configuration 0-4-0T
UIC class Bn2t
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Driver dia. 45.75 in (1.162 m)
Length 24 ft 10 12 in (7.58 m)
Height 12 ft (3.66 m)
Loco weight 32.9 long tons (33.4 t; 36.8 short tons)
Fuel type Coal
Fuel capacity 0.5 long tons (0.51 t; 0.56 short tons)
Water cap 600 imp gal (2,700 L; 720 US gal)
 • Firegrate area
10.75 sq ft (0.999 m2)
Boiler pressure 140 psi (0.97 MPa)
Cylinders Two (outside)
Cylinder size 16 in × 22 in (406 mm × 559 mm)
Performance figures
Tractive effort 14,650 lbf (65.17 kN)
Operators London and South Western Railway
Southern Railway
British Railways
Class LSWR: B4
SR: B4
BR: 0F, later 1F
Retired 1948–1959
Disposition 2 preserved, remainder scrapped
Preserved Normandy on the Bluebell Railway.

The London and South Western Railway B4 class is a class of 0-4-0T dock tank.

The London and South Western Railway's built twenty to a design by their Locomotive Superintendent William Adams at its Nine Elms Works during the 1891–1893 period. They were designed for shunting in locations with sharp curvature, and were used in places such as Southampton Docks (which the LSWR purchased in November 1892), the Poole Quay Line, and the Hamworthy Freight Branch.

Adams' successor, Dugald Drummond, designed and built a similar class of five in 1905, designating them the K14 class. However Drummond's successor considered them so similar, that they were merged in to the B4 class.

Order Year Quantity LSWR numbers Notes
81, 95–100, 102, 103, 176
82–84, 746, 747 746/747 renumbered 101/147 in 1922

Many locomotives were used by Southampton Docks, who had a tradition of giving their locomotives names rather than numbers. Consequently, twelve locomotives received names while in dock service:

LSWR No. Name
85 Alderney
81 Jersey
86 Havre
89 Trouville
90 Caen
93 St Malo
95 Honfleur
96 Normandy
97 Brittany
98 Cherbourg
102 Granville
176 Guernsey


Two survive: no. 96 (BR no. 30096) Normandy is at the end of its boiler certificate and is on static display awaiting overhaul at the Bluebell Railway in Sussex, while no. 102 (BR no. 30102) Granville is on display at the Bressingham Steam Museum near Diss, Norfolk

External links[edit]