Traditionally it is used by folk string musical groups, such as the Filipino rondalla string ensemble, together with the guitar and the bandurria. Like the bandurria, it is tuned in fourths, but its range is one octave lower.
- 1st: A
- 2nd: E
- 3rd: B
- 4th: F#
- 5th: C#
- 6th: G#
The Filipino version has (from bass to treble) one single course, two double courses and three triple courses (i.e. fourteen strings), and is tuned a step lower, F# B E A D G.
The Cuban tuning is: D, A, E, B, F#, C# (or D).
There is also a Cuban variety of laúd (such as played by Barbarito Torres of the Buena Vista Social Club). It has the same appearance and use as the Spanish version, six sets of doubled strings, only the tuning is different. Sometimes the Cuban variety has a different body shape, with two points instead of the lute-style or wavy shapes used for the traditional Spanish variety.
- Mellie Leandicho Lopez (2006). A Handbook of Philippine Folklore. UP Press. pp. 241–. ISBN 978-971-542-514-8.
- Terry E. Miller; Sean Williams (2008). The Garland Handbook of Southeast Asian Music. Psychology Press. pp. 419–. ISBN 978-0-415-96075-5.
- Philip Sweeney (2001). The Rough Guide to Cuban Music. Rough Guides. pp. 47–. ISBN 978-1-85828-761-4.