La-ngu District

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La-ngu
ละงู
Amphoe
Amphoe location in Satun Province
Amphoe location in Satun Province
Coordinates: 6°51′50″N 99°48′9″E / 6.86389°N 99.80250°E / 6.86389; 99.80250Coordinates: 6°51′50″N 99°48′9″E / 6.86389°N 99.80250°E / 6.86389; 99.80250
Country  Thailand
Province Satun
Seat La-ngu
Area
 • Total 380.35 km2 (146.85 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 • Total 63,933
 • Density 168.1/km2 (435/sq mi)
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)
Postal code 91110
Geocode 9105

La-ngu (Thai: ละงู) is a district (amphoe) of Satun Province, southern Thailand. La-ngu's port, Pak Bara, is the ferry port year-round for boats going to most of the islands in Tarutao Marine National Park, which includes Ko Lipe. It is now the proposed site of Thailand's deep-seaport on the Andaman Sea.

History[edit]

La-ngu was one of the three original districts of Satun, at first a minor district (king amphoe) under Thung Wa district. When the pepper production in Thung Wa district declined in the 1910s, many natives moved to the farmland of La-ngu. In 1930 the government adjusted the administrative structure to match the changed economic situation, making La-ngu a district and reducing Thung Wa to a minor district under La-ngu.[1]

At first subdivided into seven tambon, in 1940 these were reduced to five.[2] The sixth tambon, Khao Khao, was created on 1 August 1978.[3]

Geography[edit]

Neighboring districts are (from the north clockwise) Thung Wa, Manang, Khuan Kalong and Tha Phae. To the west is the Andaman Sea.

A big part of the shoreline of the district as well as several islands are part of the Mu Ko Phetra National Park.

Administration[edit]

The district is subdivided into 6 subdistricts (tambon), which are further subdivided into 64 villages (muban). Kamphaeng is a township (thesaban tambon) which covers parts of tambon Kamphaeng. There are further 6 Tambon administrative organizations (TAO).

No. Name Thai name Villages Inh.     
1. Kamphaeng กำแพง 12 16,915
2. La-ngu ละงู 18 19,796
3. Khao Khao เขาขาว 7 6,020
4. Pak Nam ปากน้ำ 11 9,757
5. Nam Phut น้ำผุด 6 7,982
6. Laem Son แหลมสน 10 3,463

Pak Bara deep-seaport[edit]

For more than two decades,[4] plans for a deep-seaport at Pak Bara in La-ngu District have been vetted by the government, only to be dropped, then revived by successive governments. The seaport will be linked to a port in Songkhla on the Gulf of Thailand. The port will be capable of accommodating 825,000 TEU of cargo per year[5] as well as supertankers. It would mean that vessels would not have to sail through the Malacca Straits, notorious for pirate attacks, to reach deep seaports at Laem Chabang or Bangkok. Construction of the port would involve the creation of an artificial island 430 m wide and one kilometre long, an area of 292 rai about four kilometres offshore connected by a bridge. The project includes the construction of roads, port facilities and railway lines, all totalling about 4,734 rai (757 hectares).[4][6]

In his televised address of 17 April 2014, Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha, once again proposed that the project go ahead.[7] The project has been vociferously opposed by environmental groups and many local residents. Prayut said the port would be Thailand's gateway to the Andaman Sea, linking the country with Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. He went on to say, "I ask that conflicts in this area be halted. The government will help those affected by this project." Locals say marine traffic, pollution and contamination from logistic and petroleum activities will ruin the environment. The seaport and shipping lanes encroach on Mu Ko Phetra National Park, a source of local food and tourist revenue for locals.[8] Construction of the seaport would mean that some of the national park would lose its protected status.[9]

A strategic environmental assessment (SEA) was initiated in 2003, to be submitted in April 2016 at a cost of 50 million baht.[4] An environmental impact assessment (EIA) was completed and approved in June 2009. At that time the project's owner, the Marine Department, was ordered to conduct an environmental and health impact assessment (EHIA), budgeted at 118 million baht. The EHIA was started in March 2015.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง ย้ายสับเปลี่ยนที่ว่าการอำเภอ (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 47 (0 ก): 193. 1930-09-14. 
  2. ^ ข้อมูลทั่วไป (in Thai). La-ngu police station. 
  3. ^ ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง ตั้งและเปลี่ยนแปลงเขตตำบลในท้องที่อำเภอละงู จังหวัดสตูล (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 95 (95 ง): 2966–2968. September 12, 1978. 
  4. ^ a b c Mahitthirook, Amornrat; Wangkiat, Paritta (2015-05-12). "Prajin sets deadline for Pak Bara port plan" (Paywall). Bangkok Post. Retrieved 12 June 2015. 
  5. ^ a b Rujivanarom, Pratch (17 March 2017). "Protesters celebrate as public hearing on proposed Pak Bara seaport is cancelled". The Nation. Retrieved 17 March 2017. 
  6. ^ Wangkiat, Paritta (17 March 2017). "Rally blocks deep-sea port public hearing". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 17 March 2017. 
  7. ^ "PM intends to pursue Pak Bara seaport project". The Nation. 2015-04-19. Retrieved 19 Apr 2015. 
  8. ^ "Mu Ko Phetra National Park". Department of National Parks, Thailand. Retrieved 19 Apr 2015. 
  9. ^ "PM under fire for reviving Pak Bara port". Bangkok Post. 2015-04-19. Retrieved 19 Apr 2015. 

External links[edit]