LaPlace, Louisiana

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LaPlace, Louisiana
Census-designated place
Airline HighwayLaPLaceLousiana.jpg
U.S. Highway 61 (Airline Highway) at U.S. Highway 51 intersection in LaPlace
Country United States
State Louisiana
Parish St. John the Baptist
Elevation 10 ft (3.0 m)
Coordinates 30°04′30″N 90°29′06″W / 30.07500°N 90.48500°W / 30.07500; -90.48500Coordinates: 30°04′30″N 90°29′06″W / 30.07500°N 90.48500°W / 30.07500; -90.48500
Area 22.7 sq mi (58.8 km2)
 - land 21.5 sq mi (56 km2)
 - water 1.2 sq mi (3 km2), 5.29%
Population 32,134 (2010)
Density 1,287.8/sq mi (497.2/km2)
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 70068
Area code 985
Location of La Place in Louisiana
Map of USA LA.svg
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Website: http://sjbparish.com/government_index.php

LaPlace ( /lə ˈplɑːs/) is a census-designated place (CDP) in St. John the Baptist Parish, Louisiana, United States, along the east bank of the Mississippi River in the New Orleans metropolitan area. The population is 32,134 at the 2010 census.

LaPlace is the southern terminus of Interstate 55, where it joins with Interstate 10, and of US 51, where it terminates at the junction with US 61. LaPlace is located 25 miles (40 km) west of New Orleans.

History[edit]

Pre-European[edit]

The Chitimacha lived in the region prior to the arrival of European colonists. The tribe’s lands once encompassed the entire Atchafalaya Basin, westward to Lafayette, Louisiana, southward to the Gulf of Mexico and eastward to the New Orleans area. The Chitimacha Tribe currently resides on a reservation in St. Mary Parish, Louisiana.

European colonization[edit]

Present-day LaPlace was settled by German immigrants in the early 18th century during Louisiana's French colonial period, as part of a larger settlement on the bank of the Mississippi called Karlstein.[1] Karlstein was one of the four settlements collectively known as the "German Coast" (French: "La Côte des Allemands"), having been populated by German-speaking immigrants since 1721.[2] French and Acadians intermarried with the Germans, and the area came to be known as Bonnet Carré (English: "square bonnet").[1][2] The name Bonnet Carré was inspired by the right-angle turn of the Mississippi river near the settlement and its resemblance to a square bonnet.[3]

In 1879, pharmacist, planter, and patent medicine purveyor[4] Basile Laplace arrived from New Orleans established a large plantation in Bonnet Carré, and in 1883 he allowed the New Orleans and Baton Rouge Railroad the right to cut through his land.[1] [4] The settlement's railroad depot was named after Laplace, then the post office, and eventually the town itself.[1][3]

1811 Slave Revolt[edit]

In early January 1811, the German Coast Uprising was organized at the Woodland Plantation in LaPlace.[5] A group of 200-500 slaves armed with guns, axes, and cane knives set out from LaPlace to conquer New Orleans and gain freedom for themselves and others.[6] The rebellion was ruthlessly put down by local white "militia" men within three days, and many of the rebel leaders and others were executed.[6]

The German Coast Uprising is considered the largest single slave rebellion in U.S. history, although more slaves may have participated in the Black Seminole rebellion in 1836 and the whole of the Second Seminole War.[7]

Weather events[edit]

In the period between 1850 and 1883, the levee on the east bank of the Mississippi flooded several times.[8] In 1850, a flood created the Bonnet Carré Crevasse, a levee breach that was more than a mile wide.[8] Several major floods were exacerbated by this crevasse near LaPlace and one resulted in severe flooding of New Orleans in 1871.[8] The breach was closed in 1883.[8]

In 2012, about 5,000 houses were damaged by flooding in LaPlace during Hurricane Isaac.[9]

In February 2016 and again in March 2016, several tornadoes made landfall in LaPlace, damaging hundreds of buildings and disrupting power.[10][11]

Spelling[edit]

Despite the spelling used for LaPlace's namesake, the St. John the Baptist Parish Police Jury decreed in 1971 that the official spelling of the town includes a capital letter "P".[12]

Andouille[edit]

Andouille, a smoked pork sausage that originated in France, is popular in LaPlace and elsewhere in Louisiana, but in the 1970s then-Governor Edwin Edwards proclaimed LaPlace the "Official Andouille Capital of the World".[13] Since 1972, LaPlace has held an Andouille Festival every October.[13] On his program Feasting on Asphalt, TV chef Alton Brown visited LaPlace to sample its andouille.[14]

Industry[edit]

The Port of South Louisiana is headquartered in LaPlace.[15] Other major employers in the region include Shell Chemical Company, DuPont, ADM Growmark, and ArcelorMittal (formerly Bayou Steel).[16]

Geography[edit]

LaPlace is located at 30°4′30″N 90°29′6″W / 30.07500°N 90.48500°W / 30.07500; -90.48500 (30.075025, -90.484896)[17] and has an elevation of 10 feet (3.0 m)Template:GR3.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 22.7 square miles (59 km2), of which, 21.5 square miles (56 km2) of it is land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2) of it (5.29%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[18] of 2010, there were 29,872 people, 11,159 households, and 10,592 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,287.8 people per square mile (497.2/km²). There were 9,888 housing units at an average density of 460.0 per square mile (177.6/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 47.0% White, 47.9% African American, 0.4% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.11% from other races, and 1.17% from two or more races. The cultural groups for Hispanic or Latino, of any race, were 6.1% of the population.

There were 9,171 households out of which 44.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.4% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.0% were non-families. 16.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.97 and the average family size was 3.34.

Junction of Louisiana Highway 3188, known as Belle Terre Boulevard at Airline Highway in Laplace

In the CDP, the population was spread out with 31.2% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 31.6% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 6.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $45,103, and the median income for a family was $50,024. Males had a median income of $39,304 versus $23,277 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $17,090. About 9.9% of families and 12.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.4% of those under age 18 and 13.0% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Public schools[19][edit]

The St. John the Baptist Parish School Board operates public schools in LaPlace.

  • East St. John Elementary School
  • Emily C Watkins Elementary School
  • Glade Elementary School
  • John L. Ory Communications Magnet Elementary School
  • Laplace Elementary School
  • St. John Special Education

Private and parochial schools[19][edit]

List of movie and television appearances[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Media[edit]

Cable and Internet services in LaPlace are provided by Reserve Telecommunications.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Sternberg, Mary Ann (2013-04-15). Along the River Road: Past and Present on Louisiana's Historic Byway. LSU Press. ISBN 9780807150627. 
  2. ^ a b C, Merrill, Ellen (2014-11-30). Germans of Louisiana. Pelican Publishing. ISBN 9781455604845. 
  3. ^ a b Leeper, Clare D'Artois (2012-10-19). Louisiana Place Names: Popular, Unusual, and Forgotten Stories of Towns, Cities, Plantations, Bayous, and Even Some Cemeteries. LSU Press. ISBN 9780807147382. 
  4. ^ a b "LaPlace: More to the Andouille Capital than you probably know". NOLA.com. Retrieved 2017-08-21. 
  5. ^ Loewen, James W. (2010-09-07). Lies Across America: What Our Historic Sites Get Wrong. The New Press. ISBN 9781595586766. 
  6. ^ a b Rasmussen, Daniel (2011-01-04). American Uprising: The Untold Story of America's Largest Slave Revolt. Harper Collins. ISBN 9780062084354. 
  7. ^ Perkins, Andrea (2014-02-11). "The forgotten rebellion of the Black Seminole Nation". People's World. Retrieved 2017-08-21. 
  8. ^ a b c d Historic Names and Places on the Lower Mississippi River. USACE, Vicksburg District. 1977-06-01. 
  9. ^ "Hurricane Isaac floodwaters take LaPlace and Slidell by surprise". NOLA.com. Retrieved 2017-08-21. 
  10. ^ "Here is the latest on the LaPlace tornado damage". NOLA.com. Retrieved 2017-08-21. 
  11. ^ Advocate, The. "Photos: Tornadoes leave jaw-dropping destruction in LaPlace". The Advocate. Retrieved 2017-08-21. 
  12. ^ I-10 Reserve Relief Canal Turnaround and Interchange, St.John the Baptist Parish: Environmental Impact Statement. 1977. 
  13. ^ a b "Why is LaPlace the andouille capital of the world?". WGNO. 2016-10-14. Retrieved 2017-08-21. 
  14. ^ Cook, Phaedra (2016-03-28). "Family, Feasting, Asphalt and Inspiration — Or, Me and Mr. Brown". Houston Press. Retrieved 2017-08-21. 
  15. ^ Wilds, John; Dufour, Charles L.; Cowan, Walter G. (1996-07-01). Louisiana, Yesterday and Today: A Historical Guide to the State. LSU Press. ISBN 9780807118931. 
  16. ^ Daigle, Charles. "St. John the Baptist Parish". www.sjbparish.com. Retrieved 2017-08-21. 
  17. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  18. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  19. ^ a b "High Schools - LaPlace, LA - NOLA.com". NOLA.com. Retrieved 2017-08-21. 
  20. ^ "Louisiana: Faucheux, Robert R. (Bobby)", Who's Who in American Politics, 2003-2004, 19th ed., Vol. 1 (Alabama-Montana) (Marquis Who's Who: New Providence, New Jersey, 2003), p. 778