The Château of La Barben
|Intercommunality||Salon-Étang de Berre-Durance|
|• Mayor (2008–2020)||Christophe Amalric|
|Area1||22.85 km2 (8.82 sq mi)|
|• Density||30/km2 (78/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||13009 / 13330|
|Elevation||87–204 m (285–669 ft)
(avg. 114 m or 374 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Barbenais or Barbenaises.
The town is perhaps best known for its castle and its zoo.
La Barben is located some 18 km north-west of Aix-en-Provence and 5 km east of Salon-de-Provence. Access to the commune is by the D572 road from Salon-de-Provence which passes through the centre of the commune and continues east to Saint-Cannat. The D17 from Pélissanne to Éguilles forms the south-western border of the commune. The D67E from Lambesc to Coudoux forms the south-eastern border of the commune. The D22A comes from Pelissane and passes through the village continuing as the D22 to join the D572 in the centre of the commune next to the zoo.
The commune is served by routes 9 and 14 of the Libébus network.
The Touloubre river flows through the centre of the commune from the east and continues west to join the Mediterranean sea south of Saint-Chamas. The Vallat de Boulery forms the northern border of the commune as it flows west to join the Touloubre at the village. The Canal de Marseille comes from the south and passes through the centre of the commune continuing north-east.
Weather Data for La Barben
|Climate data for Salon-de-Provence|
|Average high °C (°F)||11.0
|Daily mean °C (°F)||6.1
|Average low °C (°F)||1.1
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||50.9
|Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm)||5.1||4.8||4.5||6.3||5.2||3.2||1.5||2.9||4.8||6.5||6.2||5.5||56.5|
|Source: Meteorological data for Salon-de-Provence - 59m altitude, from 1981 to 2010 January 2015|
The death of Queen Joanna I of Naples created a succession crisis for the County of Provence with the cities of the Union of Aix (1382-1387) supporting Charles III of Naples against Louis I, Duke of Anjou. The King of France, Charles VI, intervened and sent the Seneschal of Beaucaire, Enguerrand d'Eudin, who conquered La Barben in the summer of 1383. When Louis I died and his widow, Marie of Blois, Duchess of Anjou, arrived in Provence to defend the rights of her son, Louis II of Naples, she claimed that the seneschal gave her the city which she refused on the instruction of the King of France.
|The official status of the arms remains to be determined
N.B. These arms do not respect the Rule of tincture and are therefore faulty.
(Not all data is known)
In 2010 the commune had 684 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Culture and heritage
The commune has many buildings and sites that are registered as historical monuments:
- A Laundry at La Blancherie (18th century)
- A Chateau Garden on the D22 (17th century)
- A Bridge over the Canal de Marseille on RN572 (19th century)
- A Montjoie[Note 2] at La Baou
- The fortified Chateau de la Barben (11th century)
- A Farmhouse at La Baou (18th century)
- The Clos Farmhouse at Sufferchoix (15th century)
- A Farmhouse at Val d'Estable (18th century)
- Other sites of interest
- The La Barben Zoo
- Zoo Picture Gallery
The commune has several religious buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:
- The Parish Church of Saint-Sauveur The Church contains several items that are registered as historical objects:
- The Benedictine Church of Saint-Sauveur (11th century)
- The Benedictine Convent of Saint-Victor-de-Danes at Le Mounestier (12th century)
- A Monumental Cross at Val d'Estable (17th century)
- A Monumental Cross at La Beaumé de Matelas (19th century)
- Count Auguste de Forbin (1777-1841), painter, pupil of Jacques-Louis David, Director of the Louvre Museum.
- La Barben on the old National Geographic Institute website (French)
- Regional Directorate of the Environment (DIREN) website (French)
- La Barben on Lion1906
- La Barben on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (French)
- La Barben on the 1750 Cassini Map
- La Barben on the INSEE website (French)
- INSEE (French)
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- A Stone or pile of stones used to mark a migratory trail, a pilgrimage route, the limit of a territory, or to commemorate a battle
- Inhabitants of Bouches-du-Rhône (French)
- Official website for the zoo
- Google Maps
- La Barben on the Libébus website (French)
- Paris, Nice, Strasbourg, Brest
- Data from the Station at Salon-de-Provence, sources:Salon-de-Provence
- Geneviève Xhayet, Supporters and adversaries of Louis d'Anjou during the war of the Union of Aix, Historical Provence, Fédération historique de Provence, Vol. 40, No. 162, "Autour de la guerre de l'Union d'Aix", 1990, p. 407 and 413 (note 61). (French)
- List of Mayors of France (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000215 Laundry (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13001029 Chateau Garden (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000211 Bridge over the Canal de Marseille (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000441 Montjoie (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00081199 IA13000219 Chateau de la Barben (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000217 Farmhouse at La Baou (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000214 Clos Farmhouse at Sufferchoix (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000213 Farmhouse at Val d'Estable (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00125709 Parish Church of Saint-Sauveur (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM13001966 2 Chairs (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM13001965 Statue: Virgin and child (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM13001356 Framed Painting: the Transfiguration (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM13001355 Painting: Saint Jerome (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000218 Benedictine Church of Saint-Sauveur (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000216 Benedictine Convent of Saint-Victor-de-Danes at Le Mounestier (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000212 Monumental Cross at Val d'Estable (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000210 Monumental Cross at La Beaumé de Matelas (French)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to La Barben.|