La Bastide-de-Sérou

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La Bastide-de-Sérou
The covered market
The covered market
Coat of arms of La Bastide-de-Sérou
Coat of arms
La Bastide-de-Sérou is located in France
La Bastide-de-Sérou
La Bastide-de-Sérou
Coordinates: 43°00′46″N 1°25′43″E / 43.0128°N 1.4286°E / 43.0128; 1.4286Coordinates: 43°00′46″N 1°25′43″E / 43.0128°N 1.4286°E / 43.0128; 1.4286
Country France
Region Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées
Department Ariège
Arrondissement Foix
Canton La Bastide-de-Sérou
Intercommunality Seronnais 117
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2020) Alain Metge
Area1 43.62 km2 (16.84 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 958
 • Density 22/km2 (57/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 09042 / 09240
Elevation 354–692 m (1,161–2,270 ft)
(avg. 406 m or 1,332 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

La Bastide-de-Sérou is a French commune in the Ariège department in the Midi-Pyrénées region of south-western France.[1]

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Bastidiens or Bastidiennes.[2]

Geography[edit]

La Bastide-de-Sérou is a commune in the Pre-Pyrenees some 15 km south-west of Pamiers and 15 km west by north-west of Foix. It has the odd characteristic of another small commune, Suzan, fully enclosed in the commune. Access to the commune is by the D117 road from Montels in the east which passes through the south of the commune and the village continuing west to Castelnau-Durban. The D49 branches off the D117 in the commune and goes north-west to Allières. The D211 also branches off the D117 in the commune and goes north-east in a circular route back to the D117 via Cadarcet. The D501 goes north from the village to Suzan then continues north to join the D1A east of Gabre. The D42 branches off the D117 in the commune and goes south to Larbont. The D15 goes south-east from the village to Nescus. Apart from the village there are the hamlets of Aron and Brouzenac. The commune is mainly farmland but has forested foothills of the Pyrenees in the north.[3][4]

The Arize river flows through the south of the commune and the village from east to west to eventually join the Garonne at Carbonne. The Lèze, tributary of the Ariège, has its source in the north-eastern part of the commune and flows north-westwards forming part of the commune's northern border with the lac de Mondely (Mondely lake). Several tributaries rise in the commune and flow into the Lèze including the: Goute des Labadous, Goute du Saou, and Le Gouteret on the left bank and the: Goute du Ribe and Goute des Mouliniers on the right bank. The Ruisseau de Pézegues, Ruisseau de Chichorie, and the Ruisseau de Fourmintas all flow from the south, the first two joining into the Ruisseau de Vic and all join the Arize on the left bank.[3][4]

Mapping[edit]

A list of online mapping systems can be displayed by clicking on the coordinates (latitude and longitude) in the top right hand corner of this article.

Neighbouring communes and villages[edit]

[3]

History[edit]

The old Grain measures in the covered market

The Pays des Serones was originally populated with Gallic tribes.

In the Middle Ages, La Bastide-de-Sérou was the capital of one of the sixteen castellanies of the County of Foix. Remains are still visible (Some Amphora at Nescus, the dry lake of Alzen, the Atiels mine, a Gallo-Roman path towards Castelnau-Durban).

In 1150 La Bastide-de-Serou was called Montesquieu (Mount Farouche) and was then composed of the districts of Noir and Faurie.

In 1246 Montesquieu became La Bastide d'Antuzan.

In 1252 the commune came under the charter of Roger IV, Count of Foix, that challenged the monopoly of the mills and forges. Instead the place returned to its old name and Roger IV surrounded it with a circle of walls with four doors: the Porte du Mas, Porte de Foix, Porte d'Arize, and Porte de la Faurie.

It was in the 14th century that the town took its current name. The castle, mentioned in 1255, was razed on the order of Louis XIII. It housed a garrison of the Count of Foix and a prison. Its imposing walls were encircled by a walkway. The city was still walled in 1672.

Gaston I, Count of Foix, who had married Ferdinande of Negroponte, was called to the court of Philip the Fair. This encouraged a love affair between Gaston I and his niece, Jeanne d'Artois, at the expense of Ferdinande Negroponte. Gaston I sent an envoy to the pope to request a repudiation authorization against Ferdinande. This was refused. Philip the Fair overruled the refusal and forced his chaplain to sanctify the new marriage. Ferdinande took refuge in the castle of La Bastide-de-Serou. Their relationship lasted nevertheless and Ferdinande became pregnant. She settled in "the tower" at La Bastide-de-Serou where she gave birth to a boy, Lou. ("The Tour de Lou" has now become "La tour du Loup" meaning "The Wolf Tower"). Gaston I built the Abbey of Salenques at Les Bordes-sur-Arize for Ferdinande.

The title of mayor appeared for the first time in 1745. Like many towns in the region, women and men were equal in making decisions.

The events of 1789 became known later and led to the confiscation of arms of the nobility, priests hiding in fear, and the closure of the church where six of the bells were melted down.

The tree of Liberty was erected at the top of the square and was replanted in 1848. It gave birth to a song: Aquet arbré, aro l'aben arrapat …

In 1823, the Parade ground was planted with Elm trees (which were replaced by plane trees in 1836). Also in 1823, the municipality bought a building in the Church Square for a hospice.

The current covered market dates to 1829-1830 and replaced an old one whose roof had rested on 21 stone pillars. The grain measures date to 1872.

Around 1843 the streets were lit by twelve street lights. A terrible epidemic of cholera struck the town in 1854 and resulted in many deaths. The majority were buried in the new chapel.

Inside the walls, people always possessed houses where animals also lived. La Bastide-de-Sérou has long lacked water inside its walls. After 1858 water was stored in the Tower of Loli to feed water fountains.

The savings bank was founded in 1862 then, in 1864, the telegraph office was built. Around 1870 there were four fairs a year, each lasting two days. The town hall was at the corner of Rue de Foix and Rue de la Rose. The Franciscan convent, which dates from 1222, housed a farm since 1882.

La Bastide-de-Sérou appears as La Bastide de Seron on the 1750 Cassini Map[5] and as LA BASTIDE on the 1790 version.[6]

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of La Bastide-de-Sérou
The official status of the blazon remains to be determined.

Blazon:
Azure, a Tower Or on a terrace in base Vert.



Administration[edit]

The Thursday market

List of Successive Mayors[7]

Mayors from 1935
From To Name Party Position
1935 1944 Marius Cougoureux
1944 1944 Abel Seguela
1944 1947 Marius Cougoureux
1947 1959 Abel Seguela
1959 1971 Louis Dejean
1971 1983 Jean Nayrou
1983 1989 Fernand Eychenne
1989 2001 Henri Nayrou
2001 2020 Alain Metge

(Not all data is known)

Education[edit]

The commune has a primary school.[8]

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 958 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population Change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
2,132 1,830 2,600 2,669 2,911 2,858 2,865 2,944 2,987
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
2,710 2,717 2,781 2,889 2,865 2,671 2,591 2,504 2,505
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
2,539 2,519 2,528 1,704 1,634 1,398 1,334 1,190 1,149
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
1,028 962 941 962 933 907 943 958 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of La Bastide-de-Sérou

Culture and heritage[edit]

The old Copper mine

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has a number of buildings and sites that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Tour du Loup (13th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[9]
  • An Old Copper Mine (Gallo-Roman)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[10]
  • The Chateau of Castelmir Pleasure GardenLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[11]

Religious heritage[edit]

  • The Church of Aron contains two items that are registered as historical objects:
    • A Chalice (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[12]
    • A Bust-Reliquary of Saint Valier (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[13]
  • The Church of Vic contains two items that are registered as historical objects:
  • The Parish Church of Saint John the Baptist contains several items that are registered as historical objects:
    • 6 Candlesticks (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[16]
    • A Bronze Bell (14th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[17]
    • A Bas-relief: Virgin of Pity (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[18]
    • A Group Sculpture: Virgin of Pity (15th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[19]
    • 2 Chandeliers (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[20]
    • A Tabernacle (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[21]
    • A Statue: Christ on the Cross (15th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[22]
    • A Processional Statue: Virgin and child (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[23]

The Church of UnjatLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument.[24] The Church contains a Mural Painting (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg which is registered as an historical object.[25]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually and the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ La Bastide-de-Sérou on Lion1906
  2. ^ Inhabitants of Ariège (French)
  3. ^ a b c La Bastide-de-Sérou on Google Maps
  4. ^ a b La Bastide-de-Sérou on the Géoportail from National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (French)
  5. ^ La Bastide de Seron on the 1750 Cassini Map
  6. ^ LA BASTIDE on the 1790 Cassini Map
  7. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  8. ^ Schools in La Bastide-de-Sérou (French)
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00135428 Tour du Loup (French)
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00093774 Old Copper Mine (French)
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA09000027 Chateau of Castelmir Pleasure Garden (French)
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM09000102 Chalice Camera aabb.svg (French)
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM09000101 Bust-Reliquary of Saint Valier Camera aabb.svg (French)
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM09000104 Chalice Camera aabb.svg (French)
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM09000103 Chalice Camera aabb.svg (French)
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM09000097 6 Candlesticks Camera aabb.svg (French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM09000093 Bronze Bell (French)
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM09000099 Bas-relief: Virgin of Pity Camera aabb.svg (French)
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM09000098 Group Sculpture: Virgin of Pity Camera aabb.svg (French)
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM09000096 2 Chandeliers Camera aabb.svg (French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM09000095 Tabernacle Camera aabb.svg (French)
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM09000094 Statue: Christ on the Cross Camera aabb.svg (French)
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM09000106 Processional Statue: Virgin and child Camera aabb.svg (French)
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00093951 Church of Unjat (French)
  25. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM09000003 Mural Painting Camera aabb.svg (French)

=External links[edit]