La Caixa

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"la Caixa"
1990-2014: Savings Bank
2014-present: Banking Foundation
IndustrySocial work
HeadquartersPl. Weyler, 3,
07001 Palma de Mallorca, España
Key people
Isidre Fainé Casas (Chairman),
Number of employees
32,403 (2016)
SubsidiariesCriteria Caixa

la Caixa (full name: Fundación Bancaria Caja de Ahorros y Pensiones de Barcelona, Catalan: Fundació Bancària Caixa d'Estalvis i Pensions de Barcelona)[1] is a Spanish banking foundation, whose headquarters have been located in Palma de Mallorca[2] since 2017. It is the result of the transformation, in 2014, of the "Savings and Pensions Fund of Barcelona" into a banking foundation to comply with the Savings Banks and Banking Foundations Law (Law 26/2013, passed on December 27).[3]

It is CaixaBank's largest shareholder, with a 40.00% stake in its share capital (through Criteria Caixa). Its main mission, in addition to conducting financial business through this company, is the management of the social and cultural work inherited from the savings bank.[4]



On July 27, 1990, the Pension Fund for the old age and savings of Catalonia and the Balearic Islands founded in 1904, and the Savings bank and pawn agency of Barcelona, founded in 1844, merged forming the Savings and Pensions Fund of Barcelona , known by the trade name of la Caixa, a brand used by the merged Pension Fund for the old age and savings of Catalonia and the Balearic Islands.

In 1995, "la Caixa" opened the first international representative offices in Porto (Portugal) and Brussels (Belgium).[5]

In November 2006, the Board of Directors of "la Caixa" approved the IPO of its investee portfolio, through the company Criteria CaixaCorp, which became effective on 10 October 2007.

In 2007, the bank opened a total of 294 new offices closing the year with to reach 5,480 offices, three of them located abroad, in Warsaw (Poland), Bucharest (Romania) and in Casablanca (Morocco) in 2009.

In January 2008, "la Caixa" bought part of Morgan Stanley's private banking business in Spain for almost 600 million euros and in 2010, the group acquired Caixa Girona, being one of the three savings bank integration operations that did not require assistance from the FROB (Fund for the orderly restructuring of the banking sector).[6] In 2008 it had representative offices in the United Kingdom, France, Belgium, Italy, Germany, Portugal, Morocco and China.

On 29 January 2008, Criteria CaixaCorp was included in IBEX 35.[7] In addition, "la Caixa" acquired 14.91% of Bank of East Asia´s capital.

It has a portfolio of industrial holdings in companies in the infrastructure, energy and communications sectors, among others.[8]

Structure of "la Caixa" Group after its restructuring in 2010.

Segregation of the banking business at CaixaBank and restructuring of the group[edit]

On 27 January 2011, within the context of the restructuring of the financial system in Spain, the board of directors of "la Caixa" unveiled a complete reorganization of the group. The savings bank would transfer its banking business entirely (office network, client portfolio, assets, bank capital,...) to a subsidiary in which the majority of shares are held by the same savings bank (74%),[9] which adopted the name of CaixaBank, and was formerly known as Criteria CaixaCorp.

In this way "la Caixa" ceased to conduct retail banking business, and its only activity was limited to the maintenance of "la Caixa" Social Work Project. Although the savings bank no longer operates financially, CaixaBank decided, in its offices and in the commercial relationship with its customers, to use the commercial pseudonym of "la Caixa", leaving the brand "CaixaBank" solely for institutional use.

At the same time, in July 2011, another subsidiary of the group was created, in this case 100% owned by "la Caixa", called Criteria CaixaHolding, which would not list on the stock exchange and would bring together the less attractive stocks such as real estate services ( Servihabitat) and industrial holdings (Gas Natural Fenosa, Abertis...) and PortAventura World.

CaixaBank which is publicly traded, remained at the helm of the banking business, the insurer (SegurCaixa) and the more financially attractive shares in foreign banks and in Telefónica and Repsol.

In September 2011, CaixaBank acquired Bankpyme's banking and fund management business.

In March 2012, the group announced an agreement whereby it acquired for 979 million euros and subsequently integrated within CaixaBank the SIP (Institutional Protection Scheme) formed by Cajasol (bank)Cajasol (including Caja de Guadalajara), Caja Navarra, CajaCanarias and Caja de Burgos, commercially known until then as Banca Cívica (Civic Bank). The "Civic Bank" brand was discarded and the SIP was liquidated, transferring its clients, offices and assets to CaixaBank. However, due to its cultural roots, the entity decided to maintain the savings banks’ logos that gave rise to the integration in its offices and communications in the offices, combining them with that of the Catalan bank, but only in the territories of influence of each entity.[10]

On June 12, 2013, the General Shareholders' Meeting of Banco de Valencia approved its integration into CaixaBank. It was agreed to maintain the Banco de Valencia brand in the offices held by the bank in the provinces of Valencia and Castellón with a dual label to indicate that they also belong to CaixaBank.[11]

On July 19, 2013, the merger deed of Banco de Valencia and CaixaBank was registered in the commercial register, and the integration of Banco de Valencia into CaixaBank became fully effective.[12]

After the absorption of Banco de Valencia by CaixaBank, both the offices of "la Caixa" and those of Banco de Valencia in the Region of Murcia regained the name of “Banco de Murcia", next to the star denoting "la Caixa".[13]

Transformation into a banking foundation[edit]

On April 10, 2014, it was announced that its transformation into a banking foundation would be decided at the ordinary general meeting on May 22 to comply with the Savings Banks and Banking Foundations Law, which requires savings banks with indirect banking activity to be liquidated and transformed into foundations, responsible for managing social work projects. This would lead to a process of reorganization within the group, which would involve, on the one hand, the dissolution and liquidation of the "la Caixa" Foundation and, on the other hand, the transfer to Criteria CaixaHolding (100% of "la Caixa") of the participation in CaixaBank.[14]

On 22 May 2014, the general assembly of "la Caixa" approved its transformation into a banking foundation.[15]

The foundation was established on June 17, 2014. As a result, on the one hand, the dissolution and liquidation of the "la Caixa" Foundation would occur, with the overall transfer of its assets and liabilities in favour of the "la Caixa" Banking Foundation, and, on the other hand, the transfer in favour of Criteria CaixaHolding of the participation of the Caixa at CaixaBank, so that the banking foundation would go on to hold its stake in CaixaBank through Criteria CaixaHolding, and the debt instruments of which "la Caixa" was the issuer. In this way, the group led by the new "la Caixa" Banking Foundation would have as main activities: the management of the entire Social Work, those of a financial nature related to the management of its participation in CaixaBank, the administration of the debt instruments that have "la Caixa" as an issuer, and the management of investments in industries other than finance grouped so far in Criteria CaixaHolding.[16] The liquidation of the "la Caixa" Foundation took place on 16 October 2014 while the transfer of the stake in CaixaBank took place on 14 October 2014.[17]

On 26 June 2014, the president of CaixaBank and until then president of the savings bank, Isidro Fainé, was elected president of the Board of Trustees of the "la Caixa" Banking Foundation.[18]


The "la Caixa" Banking Foundation manages the Group's shareholdings through Criteria Caixa (formerly Criteria CaixaHolding), a equity instrumental company fully controlled by the foundation. The shares of Criteria Caixa include the ones owned in CaixaBank (as of December 31, 2018: 40.00%),[19] as well as those held in several companies including Cellnex, Naturgy, Saba, Suez and Telefónica.

Social Work[edit]

As explained above, since September 2014, "la Caixa" Banking Foundation is responsible for managing the social work projects of the former savings bank. Until then, this work was carried out by the "la Caixa" Foundation.

In 2018, the "la Caixa" Banking Foundation had an allocated budget of 520 million euros. The foundation, one of the most significant worldwide, supported more than 11 million people in 2017, through nearly 50,000 initiatives.[20]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Call for application for health research". Retrieved 2019-10-31.
  2. ^ "Governing Bodies - "la Caixa" Foundation". Retrieved 2019-10-31.
  3. ^ "Call for application for health research". Retrieved 2019-10-31.
  4. ^ "Machine Translation of "Law 26/2013, Of 27 December, Boxes Of Savings And Banking Foundations." (Spain)". Retrieved 2019-10-31.
  5. ^
  6. ^ "▷ Oficinas La Caixa: Sucursales en España |". (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-10-31.
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^ "The Bank of East Asia". CriteriaCaixa. Retrieved 2019-10-31.
  10. ^ CNA. "Barcelona-based CaixaBank buys Banca Cívica for €1 billion and becomes Spain's largest bank". Retrieved 2019-10-31.
  11. ^ CNA. "Barcelona-based CaixaBank buys Banca Cívica for €1 billion and becomes Spain's largest bank". Retrieved 2019-10-31.
  12. ^ "CaixaBank to axe 3,000 staff". 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2019-10-31.
  13. ^ "CaixaBank Sala de Premsa - CaixaBank completes its merger with Banco de Valencia". comunicacion. Retrieved 2019-10-31.
  14. ^ "CaixaBank Sala de Premsa - CaixaBank completes its merger with Banco de Valencia". comunicacion. Retrieved 2019-10-31.
  15. ^ "CaixaBank buys Banco de Valencia for a euro". thinkSPAIN. Retrieved 2019-10-31.
  16. ^
  17. ^ ""la Caixa" Foundation". Retrieved 2019-10-31.
  18. ^ "Wayback Machine", Wikipedia, 2019-10-31, retrieved 2019-10-31
  19. ^
  20. ^ "Wayback Machine", Wikipedia, 2019-10-31, retrieved 2019-10-31

External links[edit]