La Campana National Park

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
La Campana National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Jubaea chilensis (scott.zona) 001.jpg
Map showing the location of La Campana National Park
Map showing the location of La Campana National Park
LocationValparaíso Region, Chile
Nearest cityOlmué
Coordinates32°55′00″S 71°09′00″W / 32.91667°S 71.15000°W / -32.91667; -71.15000Coordinates: 32°55′00″S 71°09′00″W / 32.91667°S 71.15000°W / -32.91667; -71.15000
Area80 km²
Established1967
Visitors52,389[1] (in 2012)
Governing bodyCorporación Nacional Forestal
Jubaea chilensis, Ocoa Valley

La Campana National Park is located in the Cordillera de la Costa, Quillota Province, in the Valparaíso Region of Chile. La Campana National Park and the Vizcachas Mountains lie northwest of Santiago.[2] This national park covers approximately 80 square kilometres (31 sq mi) and is home to one of the last palm forests of Jubaea chilensis (Chilean Wine Palm), which prehistorically had a much wider distribution than at present.[3] Another attraction is the Cerro La Campana, which lends its name to the park. In 1834 Charles Darwin climbed this mountain, during the second voyage of HMS Beagle.

In 1984, the park, along with Lago Peñuelas National Reserve, was designated by UNESCO as a Biosphere Reserve.[4]

Biology[edit]

The park is in the Chilean Matorral Ecoregion. Chilean Wine Palm groves occur in the Ocoa Valley. Other typical vegetation species occurring in the park include the Echinopsis chiloensis, Puya chilensis Roble, Boldo, Litre, Peumo, Patagua, Winter's Bark and Lingue.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Line notes[edit]

  1. ^ National Forest Corporation: Estadística Visitantes 2012, 11 January 2013
  2. ^ Mediterranean Region
  3. ^ C. Michael Hogan, 2008
  4. ^ a b UNESCO. 2007

External links[edit]