La Chunga

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Micaela Flores Amaya, "La Chunga"

Micaela Flores Amaya, La Chunga (The Difficult Woman), (Marseille, 1938) is a Spanish flamenco dancer and painter of naïf art.[1]

Born in Marseille in 1938, the exact date of her birth remains unknown. Her parents were Andalusian Romani who emigrated to France during the Spanish Civil War. When she was less than a year old Micaela's family moved to Barcelona.

She started dancing when she was six years-old in "Ca La Rosita", a well-known bodega for the gypsy community in El Poble-Sec. It was at this time she was discovered by a painter by the name of Paco Rebés, who later becomes her godfather and protector, during one of her improvised street performances and he takes her under his tutelage.[2] Micaela Flores Amaya became the muse of several writers like Blas de Otero, Rafael Alberti, José Manuel Caballero Bonald and León Felipe, and several painters, like Picasso, Dalí and Francisco Rebés who made her an attractive character for intellectuals and encouraged her to paint. A 1958 photo shows Salvador Dalí inviting her to make art by dancing on a blank canvas. During intervals, Dali would paint beneath her feet.[3] She was known for her barefoot style of flamenco dance and described as "The Barefoot Dancer".[4] She was admired by Picasso as a "shining naif".[5] She also exhibited in several galleries of Paris, Madrid, etc.

Pastora Imperio contracted her in 1956 and thanks to Ava Gardner, she took part in two Hollywood movies. The businessman Sullivan introduced her in Las Vegas and she participated in various TV programs in the U.S. and Mexico.

Since then, she has participated in many tours and some movies. She married the cinema director José Luis Gonzalvo and they had a daughter, Pilar.

Filmography[edit]

Prizes[edit]

  • Medalla de Oro del Círculo de Bellas Artes de Madrid,
  • Medalla Oro de la Asociación de la Prensa de Sevilla
  • Trofeo Delfín de Alicante
  • Premio del Ayuntamiento de Alicante
  • Premio Cidale de los Almendros.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Encyclopedia of Women in Today's World, Volume 1, ed. by Mary Zeiss Stange, Carol K. Oyster, and Jane E. Sloan, SAGE Publications (2013)
  2. ^ "LA CHUNGA". BIOGRAFÍA DE LA BAILAORA DE FLAMENCO LA CHUNGA (in Spanish). La Academia de las Artes y ciencias del Flamenco. Retrieved 25 March 2017. 
  3. ^ The "Gypsy " Chronicles photo posted on Facebook, October 6, 2015
  4. ^ Id.See also Encyclopedia of Women's History, Vol. 1, supra.
  5. ^ Id.
  6. ^ Thorpe, Richard (1958-03-28), Tip on a Dead Jockey, retrieved 2016-03-05 
  7. ^ IMBd, La Chunga
  8. ^ Bosch, Juan (1963-04-19), El último verano, retrieved 2016-03-05 
  9. ^ IMBd, La Chunga
  10. ^ IMBd, La Chunga
  11. ^ IMDb, La Chunga
  12. ^ IMBd, La Chunga

External links[edit]