La Convención Province

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La Convención
Choquequirao, an Inca ruin.
Choquequirao, an Inca ruin.
Flag of La Convención
Flag
Location of La Convención in the Cusco Region
Location of La Convención in the Cusco Region
Country Peru
RegionCusco
CapitalQuillabamba
Government
 • MayorHernán De La Torre Dueñas
(2019-2022)
Area
 • Total30,061.82 km2 (11,606.93 sq mi)
Population
 • Total147,148
 • Density4.9/km2 (13/sq mi)
UBIGEO0809

La Convención Province is the largest of thirteen provinces in the Cusco Region in the southern highlands of Peru.

As part of the higher-altitude Amazon basin at the foot of the Andes, La Convención is one of three Peruvian provinces that prominently figure in national coffee production, the other being Chanchamayo province in Junín state and Jaén province in Cajamarca state.

Geography[edit]

The La Convención Province is bounded to the north by the Junín Region and the Ucayali Region, to the east by the Madre de Dios Region, to the south by the Anta Province, the Calca Province and the Urubamba Province, and to the west by the Ayacucho Region and the Apurímac Region.

La Convención province is approximately 220 km (140 mi) long from north to south. Within that distance, the land of La Convención reaches has a maximum elevation of 6,264 m (20,551 ft) at Salcantay,[1] on the border of La Convención, Anta, and Urubamba provinces, and a minimum elevation of 284 m (932 ft) in the Amazon Basin along the Ucayali River. Between the glaciers and tundra of Salcantay and other high mountains to the rain forests of the Amazon Basin the topography is extremely rugged and varied.[2]

The Urupampa and Willkapampa mountain ranges traverse the province. Some of the highest peaks of the province are listed below:[3]

Political divisions[edit]

The province is divided into fourteen districts (Spanish: distritos, singular: distrito), each of which is headed by a mayor (alcalde). The districts are:

Districts of La Convención Province
District Capital Area Population (2017)[4] elevation (of capital)[5] coordinates[6] Notes
Echarate Echarate 21,284 km2 (8,218 sq mi) 23,214 1,326 m (4,350 ft) 12°46′05″S 72°34′37″W / 12.768°S 72.577°W / -12.768; -72.577
Huayopata Huyro 530 km2 (200 sq mi) 4,773 1,559 m (5,115 ft) 13°00′25″S 72°33′14″W / 13.007°S 72.554°W / -13.007; -72.554
Inkawasi Amaybamba 773 km2 (298 sq mi) 4,285 1,768 m (5,801 ft) 13°17′20″S 73°15′54″W / 13.289°S 73.265°W / -13.289; -73.265 Created 2014 from Vilcabamba
Kimbiri District Kimbiri 788 km2 (304 sq mi) 15,962 739 m (2,425 ft) 12°37′12″S 73°47′20″W / 12.620°S 73.789°W / -12.620; -73.789
Maranura District Maranura 165 km2 (64 sq mi) 4,134 1,110 m (3,640 ft) 12°57′50″S 72°39′50″W / 12.964°S 72.664°W / -12.964; -72.664
Megantoni Camisea 10,708 km2 (4,134 sq mi) 6,969 303 m (994 ft) 11°27′00″S 73°02′02″W / 11.450°S 73.034°W / -11.450; -73.034 Created 2016 from Echarate
Ocobamba Ocobamba 863 km2 (333 sq mi) 4,327 1,543 m (5,062 ft) 12°52′16″S 72°26′49″W / 12.871°S 72.447°W / -12.871; -72.447
Pichari District Pichari 813 km2 (314 sq mi) 22,961 614 m (2,014 ft) 12°31′12″S 73°49′48″W / 12.520°S 73.830°W / -12.520; -73.830
Quelloúno Quellouno 1,965 km2 (759 sq mi) 13,311 800 m (2,600 ft) 12°38′13″S 72°33′25″E / 12.637°S 72.557°E / -12.637; 72.557
Santa Ana Quillabamba 392 km2 (151 sq mi) 27,999 1,063 m (3,488 ft) 12°52′05″S 72°41′31″W / 12.868°S 72.692°W / -12.868; -72.692
Santa Teresa Santa Teresa 1,329 km2 (513 sq mi) 5,972 1,811 m (5,942 ft) 13°07′12″S 72°35′38″W / 13.120°S 72.594°W / -13.120; -72.594
Vilcabamba Lukma 2,329 km2 (899 sq mi) 9,557 2,764 m (9,068 ft) 13°03′47″S 72°55′59″W / 13.063°S 72.933°W / -13.063; -72.933
Villa Kintiarina Villa Kintiarina 199 km2 (77 sq mi) 1,974 693 m (2,274 ft) 12°55′05″S 73°31′44″W / 12.918°S 73.529°W / -12.918; -73.529 Created 2015 from Kimbiri
Villa Virgen Villa Virgen 439 km2 (169 sq mi) 1,980 731 m (2,398 ft) 13°00′04″S 73°18′18″W / 13.001°S 73.305°W / -13.001; -73.305 Created 2014 from Vilcabamba
Total: La Convención Quillabamba 30,062 km2 (11,607 sq mi) 147,148

Note: The Peruvian government estimates an underenumeration nationwide in the 2017 census of about 6 percent.[7]

Ethnic groups[edit]

The province is inhabited by indigenous citizens: Asháninka,[8] Machiguenga,[9] Yine[10] and Quechua. Spanish is the language which the majority of the population (51.98%) learnt to speak in childhood, 39.82% of the residents started speaking using the Quechua language (2007 Peru Census).[11]

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ "Peakbagger,"[1], accessed 17 Jul 2019
  2. ^ Google Earth
  3. ^ escale.minedu.gob.pe - UGEL map of the La Convención Province (Cusco Region)
  4. ^ "La Convencion," [2]. accessed 16 July 2019
  5. ^ Google Earth
  6. ^ Google Earth
  7. ^ "Peru: Cusco Region," [3], accessed 19 Jul 2019
  8. ^ www.peruecologico.com.pe/ Ashaninka
  9. ^ peruecologico.com.pe Machiguenga
  10. ^ peruecologico.com.pe Piro
  11. ^ inei.gob.pe Archived 2013-01-27 at the Wayback Machine INEI, Peru, Censos Nacionales 2007

Coordinates: 12°51′48″S 72°41′35″W / 12.86333°S 72.69306°W / -12.86333; -72.69306