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La Courneuve

Coordinates: 48°55′56″N 2°23′48″E / 48.9322°N 2.3967°E / 48.9322; 2.3967
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La Courneuve
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of La Courneuve
Paris and inner ring départements
Paris and inner ring départements
Location of La Courneuve
La Courneuve is located in France
La Courneuve
La Courneuve
La Courneuve is located in Île-de-France (region)
La Courneuve
La Courneuve
Coordinates: 48°55′56″N 2°23′48″E / 48.9322°N 2.3967°E / 48.9322; 2.3967
CantonLa Courneuve
IntercommunalityGrand Paris
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Gilles Poux[1] (PCF)
7.52 km2 (2.90 sq mi)
 • Density6,300/km2 (16,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
93027 /93 120
Elevation29–60 m (95–197 ft)
(avg. 40 m or 130 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

La Courneuve (French pronunciation: [la kuʁnœv] ) is a commune in Seine-Saint-Denis, France. It is located 8.3 km (5.2 mi) from the center of Paris.


Inhabited since pre-Roman times, the area is thought to have been a small village up through the Middle Ages. With its proximity to Paris, it soon became a fashionable country destination, with a number of gentry residing there. It had two notable châteaux - Sainte-Foi and Poitronville. Towards the end of Napoleon's reign, the entire area experienced large population growth. This along with improved methods of farming eventually transformed the area into the major legume producer for the Paris regional.

In 1863, the first major industrial enterprise was introduced and the area soon became a strange mix of factories and farmlands. Industrial estates were juxtaposed with bean plantations and that would continue until after World War II.

During the 1960s, as Paris could no longer meet the demands of a further exploding population (largely the result of immigration from former colonies), La Courneuve, like many other suburbs of Paris, was designated as one of the "zones à urbaniser en priorité" (areas to be urbanized quickly) and was built up at a very rapid pace, with the construction of large council estates and tower blocks and other HLM developments. Between 1962 and 1968 the population nearly doubled.


arms of La Courneuve
arms of La Courneuve
The arms of La Courneuve are blazoned :
Azure, a wall embattled argent masoned sable, open to the field contain a millwheel Or above waves argent
motto: droiture et tendresse ("righteousness and tenderness")



Pantin is an urban commune, as it is one of the dense or intermediate density communes, as defined by the Insee communal density grid.[a][3][4][5] It belongs to the urban unit of Paris, an inter-departmental conurbation comprising 411 communes[6] and 10,785,092 inhabitants in 2017, of which it is a suburban commune.[7][8]

The commune is also part of the functional area of Paris[b] where it is located in the main population and employment centre of the functional area. This area comprises 1,929 communes.[9][10]


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 555—    
1800 499−1.51%
1806 530+1.01%
1821 502−0.36%
1831 584+1.52%
1836 589+0.17%
1841 586−0.10%
1846 572−0.48%
1851 572+0.00%
1856 631+1.98%
1861 791+4.62%
1866 1,006+4.93%
1872 859−2.60%
1876 926+1.90%
1881 1,124+3.95%
1886 1,251+2.16%
1891 1,542+4.27%
1896 1,789+3.02%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 2,200+4.22%
1906 2,742+4.50%
1911 3,341+4.03%
1921 5,646+5.39%
1926 10,297+12.77%
1931 15,780+8.91%
1936 17,390+1.96%
1946 16,609−0.46%
1954 18,349+1.25%
1962 25,792+4.35%
1968 43,318+9.03%
1975 37,958−1.87%
1982 33,537−1.75%
1990 34,139+0.22%
1999 35,310+0.38%
2007 37,228+0.66%
2012 39,859+1.38%
2017 43,054+1.55%
Source: EHESS[11] and INSEE (1968-2017)[12]


Place of birth of residents of La Courneuve in 1999
Born in metropolitan France Born outside metropolitan France
62.6% 37.4%
Born in
overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth1 EU-15 immigrants2 Non-EU-15 immigrants
3.1% 3.5% 4.1% 26.7%
1 This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as pieds-noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), as well as to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. A foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.

2 An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. An immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.


Preschools and primary schools[13]

High schools/junior high schools:[14]

  • Collège Raymond-Poincaré
  • Collège Jean-Vilar
  • Collège Georges-Politzer

Sixth-form colleges/senior high schools:[14]


La Courneuve is served by La Courneuve – 8 Mai 1945 station on Paris Métro Line 7 and by La Courneuve–Aubervilliers station on Paris RER B.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ According to the zoning of rural and urban municipalities published in November 2020, in application of the new definition of rurality validated on November 14 2020 by the Interministerial Committee for Rural Areas.
  2. ^ In October 2020, the concept of functional area replaced that of urban area in order to enable consistent comparisons with other European Union countries


  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires" (in French). data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises. 6 June 2023.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2021" (in French). The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2023.
  3. ^ "Typologie urbain / rural". observatoire-des-territoires.gouv.fr. Retrieved March 15, 2024.
  4. ^ "Commune urbaine - définition". Insee website. Retrieved March 15, 2024.
  5. ^ "Comprendre la grille de densité". observatoire-des-territoires.gouv.fr. Retrieved March 15, 2024.
  6. ^ "Unité urbaine 2020 de Paris". insee.fr. Retrieved March 15, 2024.
  7. ^ "Base des unités urbaines 2020". insee.fr. October 21, 2020. Retrieved March 15, 2024.
  8. ^ Costemalle, Vianney (October 21, 2020). "Toujours plus d'habitants dans les unités urbaines". website of Insee. Retrieved March 15, 2024.
  9. ^ "Liste des communes composant l'aire d'attraction de Paris". Insee website. Retrieved March 15, 2024.
  10. ^ Marie-Pierre de Bellefon; Pascal Eusebio; Jocelyn Forest; Olivier Pégaz-Blanc; Raymond Warnod; (Insee) (October 21, 2020). "En France, neuf personnes sur dix vivent dans l'aire d'attraction d'une ville". Insee website. Retrieved March 15, 2024.
  11. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet La Courneuve, EHESS (in French).
  12. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  13. ^ "Écoles maternelle et élémentaire." La Courneuve. Retrieved on August 19, 2016.
  14. ^ a b "Les collèges et lycées." La Courneuve. Retrieved on August 19, 2016.

External links[edit]