La Courneuve

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La Courneuve
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of La Courneuve
Paris and inner ring départements
Paris and inner ring départements
Location of La Courneuve
La Courneuve is located in France
La Courneuve
La Courneuve
La Courneuve is located in Île-de-France (region)
La Courneuve
La Courneuve
Coordinates: 48°55′56″N 2°23′48″E / 48.9322°N 2.3967°E / 48.9322; 2.3967Coordinates: 48°55′56″N 2°23′48″E / 48.9322°N 2.3967°E / 48.9322; 2.3967
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
DepartmentSeine-Saint-Denis
ArrondissementSaint-Denis
CantonLa Courneuve
IntercommunalityGrand Paris
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Gilles Poux[1] (PCF)
Area
1
7.52 km2 (2.90 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[2]
45,053
 • Density6,000/km2 (16,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
93027 /93 120
Elevation29–60 m (95–197 ft)
(avg. 40 m or 130 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

La Courneuve (French pronunciation: [la kuʁnœv] (listen)) is a commune in Seine-Saint-Denis, France. It is located 8.3 km (5.2 mi) from the center of Paris.

History[edit]

Inhabited since pre-Roman times, the area is thought to have been a small village up through the Middle Ages. With its proximity to Paris, it soon became a fashionable country destination, with a number of gentry residing there. It had two notable châteaux - Sainte-Foi and Poitronville. Towards the end of Napoleon's reign, the entire area experienced large population growth. This along with improved methods of farming eventually transformed the area into the major legume producer for the Paris regional.

In 1863, the first major industrial enterprise was introduced and the area soon became a strange mix of factories and farmlands. Industrial estates were juxtaposed with bean plantations and that would continue until after World War II.

During the 1960s, as Paris could no longer meet the demands of a further exploding population (largely the result of immigration from former colonies), La Courneuve, like many other suburbs of Paris, was designated as one of the "zones à urbaniser en priorité" (areas to be urbanized quickly) and was built up at a very rapid pace, with the construction of large council estates and tower blocks and other HLM developments. Between 1962 and 1968 the population nearly doubled.

Heraldry[edit]


arms of La Courneuve
The arms of La Courneuve are blazoned :
Azure, a wall embattled argent masoned sable, open to the field contain a millwheel Or above waves argent
motto: droiture et tendresse ("righteousness and tenderness")

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 555—    
1800 499−1.51%
1806 530+1.01%
1821 502−0.36%
1831 584+1.52%
1836 589+0.17%
1841 586−0.10%
1846 572−0.48%
1851 572+0.00%
1856 631+1.98%
1861 791+4.62%
1866 1,006+4.93%
1872 859−2.60%
1876 926+1.90%
1881 1,124+3.95%
1886 1,251+2.16%
1891 1,542+4.27%
1896 1,789+3.02%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 2,200+4.22%
1906 2,742+4.50%
1911 3,341+4.03%
1921 5,646+5.39%
1926 10,297+12.77%
1931 15,780+8.91%
1936 17,390+1.96%
1946 16,609−0.46%
1954 18,349+1.25%
1962 25,792+4.35%
1968 43,318+9.03%
1975 37,958−1.87%
1982 33,537−1.75%
1990 34,139+0.22%
1999 35,310+0.38%
2007 37,228+0.66%
2012 39,859+1.38%
2017 43,054+1.55%
Source: EHESS[3] and INSEE (1968-2017)[4]

Immigration[edit]

Place of birth of residents of La Courneuve in 1999
Born in metropolitan France Born outside metropolitan France
62.6% 37.4%
Born in
overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth1 EU-15 immigrants2 Non-EU-15 immigrants
3.1% 3.5% 4.1% 26.7%
1 This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as Pieds-Noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), as well as to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.

2 An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Education[edit]

Preschools and primary schools[5]

High schools/junior high schools:[6]

  • Collège Raymond-Poincaré
  • Collège Jean-Vilar
  • Collège Georges-Politzer

Sixth-form colleges/senior high schools:[6]

Transport[edit]

La Courneuve is served by La Courneuve – 8 Mai 1945 station on Paris Métro Line 7 and by La Courneuve – Aubervilliers station on Paris RER line B.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires" (in French). data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises. 13 September 2022.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet La Courneuve, EHESS. (in French)
  4. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  5. ^ "Écoles maternelle et élémentaire." La Courneuve. Retrieved on August 19, 2016.
  6. ^ a b "Les collèges et lycées." La Courneuve. Retrieved on August 19, 2016.

External links[edit]