La Digue

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

La Digue
La Digue is located in Seychelles
La Digue
La Digue
Geography
LocationSeychelles, Indian Ocean
Coordinates4°22′48″S 55°50′48″E / 4.38000°S 55.84667°E / -4.38000; 55.84667Coordinates: 4°22′48″S 55°50′48″E / 4.38000°S 55.84667°E / -4.38000; 55.84667
ArchipelagoInner Islands, Seychelles
Adjacent toSomali Sea, Indian Ocean
Total islands1
Major islands
  • La Digue
Area10.08 km2 (3.89 sq mi)
Length5 km (3.1 mi)
Width3.3 km (2.05 mi)
Coastline15.4 km (9.57 mi)
Highest elevation333 m (1093 ft)
Highest pointBelle Vue (Eagle's Nest Mountain)
Administration
GroupInner Islands
Sub-GroupGranitic Seychelles
DistrictsLa Digue and Inner Islands
Largest settlementLa Passe (pop. ~2500)
Demographics
Population2800 (2014)
Pop. density278/km2 (720/sq mi)
Ethnic groupsCreole, French, East Africans, Indians.
Additional information
Time zone
ISO codeSC-15
Official websiteseychelles.travel/en/discover/the-islands/
La Digue Lighthouse Edit this at Wikidata
La Digue Lighthouse.JPG
Constructionmasonry building
Height3 m (9.8 ft) Edit this on Wikidata
Shapesquare prism small building with a mast atop[1][2]
Markingswhite building
Power sourcesolar power Edit this on Wikidata
Focal height6 m (20 ft) Edit this on Wikidata
Range5 nmi (9.3 km; 5.8 mi) Edit this on Wikidata
CharacteristicFl W 5s Edit this on Wikidata

La Digue is the third most populated island[3] of the Seychelles, and fourth largest by land area,[4] lying east of Praslin and west of Felicite Island. In size, it is the fourth-largest granitic island of Seychelles after Mahé, Praslin and Silhouette Island. It has a population of 2,800 people. Most of the inhabitants live in the west coast villages of La Passe (linked by ferry to Praslin and Mahé) and Anse Réunion. There is no airport on La Digue, so to get there from a foreign country, one must fly to Victoria and continue by ferry, usually via Praslin. It has an area of 10.08 km2, which makes it relatively easy to travel around by bike or on foot.

La Digue was named after a ship in the fleet of French explorer Marc-Joseph Marion du Fresne, who visited the Seychelles in 1768.

History[edit]

According to modern historians, La Digue was first sighted by the French navigator Lazare Picault in 1742, but it was not named until 1768.[5] The first people settled on the island in 1789, when French colonists arrived with their African slaves. Most of them went back to France, but some people were left and some of today's inhabitants carry their names. Later, more French deportees arrived, followed by a large number of liberated slaves and Asian immigrants. In 1854, the first Catholic chapel was built on La Digue by Father Theophile. Most inhabitants of the island are of the Catholic faith.[5] French colonists on La Digue manufactured coral lime, and they are believed to be responsible for the decline of the island's coral reefs. They also made copra out of coconuts, and they planted vanilla on their plantations. This tradition has been continued.

Climate[edit]

The Seychelles generally have warm temperatures throughout the year. They get frequent and sometimes heavy rainfall. On La Digue, rainfall can be very heavy, but it usually lasts for one hour or less. Daytime temperatures on La Digue normally range from 24 °C (75 °F) to 32 °C (90 °F); nighttime temperatures are slightly colder. The months with the heaviest rainfall are October to March, with a monthly precipitation of 402.6 mm (15.85 in) in January. The month with the least precipitation is July, with only 76.6 mm (3.02 in) of rain.[6]

Culture[edit]

The inhabitants of La Digue are called Diguois. The first inhabitants arrived in 1798, exiled from Île Bourbon (now named Réunion) for taking part in a political rebellion there. They were supposed to be sent to the East Indies, but bribed the captain to ship them to Seychelles instead where many had relatives.[7] The population of La Digue is mostly Catholic and the island's feast day on 15 August is a national holiday.

Politics[edit]

There is no separate government of La Digue, so it follows the laws and legislation set from the government in Victoria. The Seychelles have a president and the main political sides are the PP and SNP. The law system of the Seychelles is modelled on European legal systems.

The beach and surrounding rocks at Anse Source d'Argent in the late afternoon.

Government services[edit]

The administrative center on La Digue, La Passe.

Being an island with a population of only 2,800 people, there are few government buildings or services. For many services, people have to go to Praslin. La Digue has a post office which is closed on Sundays. There is a small police station that was mainly set up for tourists. There is a small hospital, although some inhabitants prefer to visit the hospitals in Praslin and Victoria. Women usually go to the hospital in Victoria to give birth.

Tourism[edit]

Aerial of La Digue, Seychelles

Today, the island's main industry is tourism,[8] and it is known for its beaches, especially Anse Source d'Argent and Grand Anse. La Digue, along with the rest of the Seychelles, saw a major increase in tourism numbers in the late 20th century, which greatly impacted the economy of the Seychelles. Before 1960, copra and vanilla production were the mainstays of the local economy, which are commemorated in the island's museum.[9]

The Veuve Nature Reserve, in the island's interior, is home to the rare black paradise flycatcher, of which there are only about 100 in existence. La Digue's tallest peak, Belle Vue (Eagle's Nest Mountain), is in the central part of the island, with a summit more than 300 m (980 ft) above sea level. La Digue's wide variety of underwater creatures including fish, sharks and rays also attracts many tourists for diving trips. The island has plenty of accommodation and activities for tourists, including more than twenty guesthouses and hotels, restaurants and a dive centre. One can go on a boat trip or a diving trip around La Digue for a half day or a full day. Furthermore, the Veuve Reserve offers tourists hiking trips with guides.[10]

Transport[edit]

The primary means of transportation is still the bicycle. It is possible to rent bicycles near the ferry pier. There are a few privately owned vehicles, but most cars and buses belong to hotel companies. Another method of transport on La Digue is the ox-cart, which has a slow pace suited to the island.[citation needed]

Cuisine[edit]

Since La Digue is an island inhabited by many ethnic groups, the local cuisine is a mix of world cuisines, with a specific focus on fish. With abundant seafood, the Seychellois people have developed hundreds of recipes using a variety of fish. One can have fish curry, fish fillets, raw fish with lemon, grilled fish, steamed fish, cooked fish and so on.[11] The inhabitants of La Digue also make fried octopus, lobster with garlic and their biggest speciality – bat curry. A commonly used ingredient is ginger. The most popular alcoholic drink on La Digue is palm wine, which most Seychellois people like to make themselves by fermenting the inside of a coconut.[12]

Wildlife[edit]

The giant tortoise of Aldabra
The rare Seychelles paradise flycatcher

La Digue is the home to the critically endangered paradise flycatcher. However, there are more rare and endangered animals that live on this island. Since the Seychelles are detached from the rest of Africa, many of the species are endemic to La Digue. There is a significant population of giant tortoises that come from the island Aldabra.[13] The subspecies that lived on La Digue is extinct. From the arthropod group there is, for example, the Seychelles coconut crab which likes to dig holes in the backyards of the Seychellois people. Among others, there are fodys, sunbirds, terns, fruitbats, sheath-tailed bats, and geckos.[14]

The reefs and lagoons of La Digue offer a large amount of flora and fauna. Green sea turtles live on the very edges of the coral reefs, and they sometimes venture closer to the island. There are butterflyfish, eagle ray, moray eel and many other species of fish. Divers and snorkellers may be lucky enough to see blacktip reef sharks or even whale sharks, which come mainly in the winter but can be seen all year round.[15]

Sadly, the animals that have traditionally lived on La Digue are threatened by animals that were brought there by the first inhabitants: rats, dogs, cats etc. The rat population was probably the first animal that was brought to the Seychelles. It quickly made many birds become extinct by eating their eggs and threatening their nests. The dog and cat population is not nearly as much of a threat, but it still is something that the original species of Seychelles are not used to.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Seychelles". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  2. ^ NGA List of Lights – Pub.112 Retrieved 27 September 2016
  3. ^ "Seychelles in Figures 2011 edition". Archived from the original on 5 May 2012.
  4. ^ Sawe, Benjamin (25 April 2017). "Biggest Islands Of Seychelles". World Atlas. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  5. ^ a b Durup, Julien. "Julien Durup writes first history of La Digue". La Digue History. Seychelles weekly. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
  6. ^ "Seychelles Climate". seychelles travel. Archived from the original on 19 March 2012. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
  7. ^ Reveil Seychellois by Denise Johnstone
  8. ^ "Tourism". Seychelles LaDigue. Retrieved 27 September 2017.
  9. ^ "Vanilla Plantation Seychelles". resources. Air Seychelles. Retrieved 26 March 2012.
  10. ^ "Seychelles La Digue". Veuve. Retrieved 26 September 2017.
  11. ^ "Dining and food in the Seychelles". food. Asiaweb. Retrieved 26 March 2012.
  12. ^ Perdrix, Jean (1999). "Patterns of Alcohol Consumption in the Seychelles Islands (Indian Ocean)". Alcohol Consumption. 34 (5): 773–785. doi:10.1093/alcalc/34.5.773. PMID 10528821.
  13. ^ Ecott, Tim (8 January 2011). "Seychelles tortoises: Giants ruling the Aldabra lagoon". Tortoises. BBC. Retrieved 26 March 2012.
  14. ^ "Seychelles Wildlife". Animals. Cerf Island. Retrieved 26 March 2012.
  15. ^ "Marine life in Seychelles". Sharks. travel. Archived from the original on 8 April 2012. Retrieved 26 March 2012.

External links[edit]