Above, the entrance to Ciudad Real Madrid ("Real Madrid City"), where La Fábrica youth players as well as Real Madrid's professional squad train daily
|Alternative names||The Factory|
|Type||Player farm system|
|Town or city||Madrid|
Real Madrid Castilla
Real Madrid Youth Academy
|Renovation cost||€100 million|
|Client||Real Madrid Youth Academy|
'La Fábrica' (English: "The Factory") is the name given to the Real Madrid Youth Academy and player farm system, or "cantera." It is a world class youth academy that has contributed to Real Madrid's sporting success throughout its history. For instance, in the 1980s, Real Madrid won five consecutive La Liga titles, two consecutive UEFA Europa Leagues and reached three consecutive UEFA Champions League semi-finals with a squad composed mostly of players formed at La Fábrica.
La Fábrica is housed in Ciudad Real Madrid, Real Madrid's new training facilities located just outside Madrid in Valdebebas. Inaugurated in 2005 after Real Madrid invested €100 million to develop it, Ciudad Real Madrid serves as the training ground for all teams associated with the club, from the fully professional first-team squad, to the under-8 Prebenjamín youth team.
In 1942, AD Plus Ultra, a local Madrid club then in the Spanish Third Division, agreed to become Real Madrid's feeder club in return for financial support. In 1972, AD Plus Ultra became Real's official reserve team, known today as Real Madrid Castilla. RM Castilla is the most successful reserve side in the history of Spanish football, having amassed more points in the Spanish Second Division than any other reserve side. In 1980, RM Castilla even reached the final of the Copa del Rey, Spain's premier domestic cup competition, where they lost the title to Real Madrid's first team squad.
Similarly, in the 1950s, Real Madrid Aficionados (English: Real Madrid Amateurs) was formed as an amateur competitive team affiliated with Real Madrid. That club eventually became Real Madrid C, and today serves as Real's second reserve team, after RM Castilla.
The youth academy system itself was established and developed in the 1950s by former Real Madrid Aficionados player Miguel Malbo under the tutelage of the then-Real Madrid president, Santiago Bernabéu. Malbo went on to serve as Director of La Fábrica for over 50 years. Isidoro San José, former Real Madrid player, La Fábrica alumnus and deputy director at La Fábrica, said of Malbo's legacy at Real Madrid, "In his day, he was one of the people that contributed most to Real Madrid, and to Madrid's cantera." 
Since its beginnings in the 1950s, countless players have progressed through the ranks of La Fábrica's youth academy, and some of these graduates have contributed to Real Madrid's formidable sporting success both domestically and internationally. Some periods of success are particularly noteworthy. Between 1955 and 1965, Real Madrid won eight La Liga titles, one Copa del Rey and six UEFA Champions Leagues. A number of La Fábrica graduates contributed to Real's success in these years, including Pedro Casado, Enrique Mateos, Gregorio Benito, Juan Santisteban, Manuel Velázquez, Ramón Grosso, Fernando Serena and Ramón Marsal.
Moreover, as noted above, in the 1980s Real Madrid won five consecutive La Liga titles, two consecutive UEFA Europa Leagues (then known as the UEFA Cup), and reached three consecutive Champions League (then known as the European Cup) semi-finals with a squad composed mostly of players formed at La Fábrica. This fabulous batch of "homegrown" Real Madrid players included Emilio Butragueño, Chendo, Manolo Sanchís, Ricardo Gallego, Míchel, Sebastián Losada, Miguel Pardeza and Rafael Martín Vázquez.
Real Madrid Castilla is a fully professional team; all other teams at La Fábrica are youth teams including everything from under-19-year-olds to under-8-year-olds. Each youth team competes in a league of its own. Youth players must aspire to progress through the ranks if they wish to eventually debut in Real's first-team squad. La Fábrica has more than 270 youth players spread across all 12 youth teams.
|Squad||Age||Head Coach||Assistant Coach||League|
|Real Madrid Castilla||–||Santiago Solari||Santiago Sánchez||Segunda División B (Gr. 1)|
|Juvenil A||16-18||Guti||Alberto Garrido||División de Honor (Gr. 5)|
|Juvenil B||16-18||Álvaro Benito||Diego Nogales||
Liga Nacional (Gr. 12)
|Juvenil C||16-18||Manuel Fernández||Juan José Vallina||
Primera División Autonómica (Gr. 1)
|Cadete A||14–15||Tristán Celador||Sebastián Parrilla||Primera División Autonómica (Gr. 1)|
|Cadete B||14–15||Pedro Sánchez||Abián Perdomo||Primera División Autonómica (Gr. 2)|
|Infantil A||12–13||Juanjo Crespo||Javier Morán||
División de Honor (Gr. 1)
|Infantil B||12–13||Carlos del Rey||Eduardo Díaz||División de Honor (Gr. 2)|
|Alevín A||10–11||Daniel Guindos||David González||Primera División Autonómica (Gr. 2)|
|Alevín B||10–11||Alejandro Dorado||Alberto del Castillo||Primera División Autonómica (Gr. 1)|
|Benjamín A||8–9||Rubén Barrios||Fernando Jiménez||Preferente (Gr. 7)|
|Benjamín B||8–9||José Luis Pleite||Enrique Jiménez||Preferente (Gr. 7)|
|Prebenjamín||6–7||Víctor Carvajal||Alberto Borreguero||Fútbol 7 (Gr. 30)|
Below is a sortable list of notable La Fábrica alumni throughout history. The information listed below is current as of the 2017–18 football season. Currently active player in Real Madrid may have different title and appearance. Unless explicitly cited, all of the following information was obtained through the Wikipedia pages corresponding to the respective players.
- Bold denotes players still playing in Real Madrid
- http://www.historiadeldeporte.es/pages/equipos/quinta.php. Missing or empty
- http://www.yptusa.com/rmadrid_valdebebas. Missing or empty
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-04-11. Retrieved 2017-06-27.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-06-18. Retrieved 2013-06-16.
- Country indicates national team as it has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.