La Grange, Illinois

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La Grange, Illinois

LaGrange
Village of La Grange, Illinois
La Grange Village Hall
La Grange Village Hall
Etymology: French: la grange
(the barn)
Nickname(s): 
Village of Roses
Motto(s): 
Tradition & Pride - Moving Forward[1]
Anthem: My La Grange by Jimmy Dunne [1]
Location of La Grange in Cook County, Illinois
Location of La Grange in Cook County, Illinois
La Grange is located in Chicago metropolitan area
La Grange
La Grange
Location of La Grange in Cook County, Illinois
La Grange is located in Illinois
La Grange
La Grange
La Grange (Illinois)
La Grange is located in the US
La Grange
La Grange
La Grange (the US)
Coordinates: 41°48′29″N 87°52′24″W / 41.80806°N 87.87333°W / 41.80806; -87.87333Coordinates: 41°48′29″N 87°52′24″W / 41.80806°N 87.87333°W / 41.80806; -87.87333
CountryUnited States
StateIllinois
CountyCook
TownshipLyons Township
Settled1830
IncorporatedJune 11, 1879
Founded byFranklin Dwight Cossitt
Named forLa Grange, Tennessee, in turn named after the ancestral home of Marquis de Lafayette[2]
Government
 • Village presidentThomas E. Livingston[3]
 • Trustees[3]Malia Arnett
Bill Holder
Michael Kotynek
Mark Kuchler
Lou Gale
David Mc Carty
Area
 • Total2.52 sq mi (6.53 km2)
 • Land2.52 sq mi (6.53 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)  0%
Elevation
646[5] ft (197 m)
Population
 • Total15,550
 • Estimate 
(2017)[6]
15,581
 • Density6,187.08/sq mi (2,388.69/km2)
Demonym(s)La Granger[2]
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Code(s)
60525
Area code(s)708
FIPS code17-40767
Wikimedia CommonsLa Grange, Illinois
Websitewww.villageoflagrange.com
The downtown district of La Grange

The village of La Grange (/ləɡrn/) (often spelled LaGrange), a suburb of Chicago, is a village in Cook County, in the U.S. state of Illinois.[7] The population was 15,550 at the 2010 census.[8]

History[edit]

The area around La Grange was first settled in the 1830s, when Chicago residents moved out to the west due to the rapid population increase in the city in the decade since its incorporation. The first settler, Robert Leitch, came to the area in 1830, seven years before the City of Chicago was incorporated. La Grange's location, at approximately 13 miles (21 km) from the Chicago Loop, is not considered far from the city by today's standards, but in that time the residents enjoyed the peace of rural life without much communication with urban residents.

The village was officially incorporated on June 11, 1879. It was founded by Franklin Dwight Cossitt, who was born in Granby, Connecticut, and raised in Tennessee, and moved to Chicago in 1862 where he built a successful wholesale grocery business.

In 1870, Cossitt purchased several hundred acres of farmland in Lyons Township, along the Chicago-Dixon Road, known today as Ogden Avenue (U.S. Highway 34). Ogden Avenue, on the site of a defunct Native American trail, was also referred to as the "Old Plank Road". Planks were often stolen by settlers to be used as building material, which made traveling very bumpy. When the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad came to town, La Grange was a milk stop called Hazel Glen. A few miles to the south, through present-day Willow Springs, the Illinois and Michigan Canal had emerged as a major shipping corridor, connecting Chicago and the Great Lakes with the Illinois and Mississippi rivers.

Cossitt set out to build the ideal suburban village - laying out streets, planting trees, donating property for churches and schools, and building quality homes for sale between $2,000-$8000 USD.[9] He also placed liquor restrictions in the land deeds he sold to prevent the village from becoming a saloon town.

When Cossitt began his development, the area was served by a post office known as Kensington. But upon learning of another community already with that name in Illinois, Cossitt decided to name his town in honor of La Grange, Tennessee, where he had been raised as a youth on an uncle's cotton farm. To this day, Kensington remains the name of one of the village's major avenues.

After the Great Chicago Fire of 1871 destroyed much of that city, thousands of its citizens sought new homes and opportunities far from the city's ills but within a convenient commute. La Grange was ideally situated to accommodate them.

Telephones were first set up by Dr. George Fox in the 1880s for quick communication between his home office and a drug store, enabling him to order prescriptions to be delivered by buggy in a moment's notice. Growing to 52 lines in 1894, it increased twofold to 120 by the next year, and surged to 2,346 by 1921[2] (36 percent of the population at the time).

There was a large spike in population around 1890 when the village was still relatively young, while the population has been slowly declining since the '70s.

Geography[edit]

La Grange is located at 41°48′29″N 87°52′24″W / 41.80806°N 87.87333°W / 41.80806; -87.87333 (41.807938, -87.873455),[10] about 13 miles (21 km) west of Chicago. The village is roughly flat, only deviating from the elevation of 645 feet by at most ten feet. La Grange is surrounded by incorporated places of similar sizes on all sides except to the South West, where the generously-named La Grange Highlands are.

According to the 2010 census, La Grange has a total area of 2.52 square miles (6.53 km2), all land.[11] Two major railroad tracks run through the village, including the Burlington Northern Santa Fe, and the CSX/Indiana Harbor Belt lines.

Some 14,000 years ago, the land under La Grange sat on the western shore of Lake Chicago, predecessor to Lake Michigan. The prehistoric shoreline today is delineated by Bluff Avenue, a north-south street on the village's east side.[12]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for La Grange, Illinois, 1981-2010 normals, extremes 1873-2016
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean maximum °F 39.8 39.0 53.5 57.0 69.3 76.2 81.3 80.2 71.2 64.3 50.0 43.4 54.5
Average high °F 31.0 35.3 46.6 59.0 70.0 79.7 84.1 81.9 74.8 62.3 48.2 34.8 59.1
Daily mean °F 23.8 27.7 37.9 48.9 59.1 69.8 74.0 72.4 64.6 52.5 40.3 27.7 49.9
Average low °F 16.5 20.1 29.2 38.8 48.3 58.1 63.9 62.9 54.3 42.8 32.4 20.7 40.8
Mean minimum °F 10.1 14.6 26.4 38.7 51.5 61.2 67.0 66.6 59.2 45.0 31.6 14.3 45.1
Average rainfall inches 1.73 1.79 2.50 3.38 3.68 3.45 3.70 4.90 3.21 3.15 3.15 2.25 36.89
Average snowfall inches 10.8 9.1 5.6 1.2 Trace 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.2 8.2 36.3
Average high °C −0.6 1.8 8.1 15 21.1 26.5 28.9 27.7 23.8 16.8 9 1.6 15.1
Daily mean °C −4.6 −2.4 3.3 9.4 15.1 21 23.3 22.4 18.1 11.4 4.6 −2.4 9.9
Average low °C −8.6 −6.6 −1.6 3.8 9.1 14.5 17.7 17.2 12.4 6 0.2 −6.3 4.9
Average rainfall mm 43.9 45.5 63.5 85.9 93.5 87.6 94 124.5 81.5 80 80 57.2 937
Average snowfall cm 27.4 23.1 14.2 3 0 0 0 0 0 3 20.8 92.2
Mean daily sunshine hours 9.5 10.5 12 13.5 14.5 15.0 15.0 14 12.5 11 10 9 12.2
Source: [13]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880531
18902,314335.8%
19003,96971.5%
19105,28233.1%
19206,52523.5%
193010,10354.8%
194010,4793.7%
195012,00214.5%
196015,28527.4%
197017,81416.5%
198015,693−11.9%
199015,362−2.1%
200015,6081.6%
201015,550−0.4%
Est. 201715,581[6]0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 15,608 people, 5,624 households, and 4,049 families residing in the village. The population density was 6,220.7 people per square mile (2,400.9/km²) This is mainly due to the Village Plan aiming to prevent overcrowding and to keep population density at a level consistent with the quality of life envisioined by Franklin Cossitt[2]. There were 5,781 housing units at an average density of 2,304.1 per square mile (889.3/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 91.02% White, 6.02% African American, 1% Asian, 0.09% Native American, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.99% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race comprised 3.66% of the population.

The top five ancestries reported in La Grange as of the 2000 census were Irish (25.2%), German (24.8%), Polish (10.5%), Italian (10.2%) and English (9.7%).[16]

There were 5,624 households out of which 37.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.3% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.0% were non-families. 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.23.

In the village, the population was spread out with 28.5% under the age of 18, 4.8% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.4 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $80,342, and the median income for a family was $95,554. Males had a median income of $62,030 versus $41,260 for females. The per capita income for the village was $34,887. About 3.2% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.3% of those under age 18 and 4.4% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Business and commerce[edit]

La Grange is the mailing address for the headquarters of Electro-Motive Diesel, formerly General Motors' Electro-Motive Division, a major manufacturer of railroad locomotives and diesel engines. The headquarters, engineering facilities and parts-manufacturing operations actually are located in the adjacent village of McCook; originally, the locomotives were also built there, but in more recent years final assembly has moved to EMD's other facility in Muncie, Indiana.

The downtown area, centered along and around La Grange Road (US 45) and the BNSF Railway line, grew somewhat run-down during the 1980s; however, the mid-to-late 1990s saw a revival, with many new businesses opening including Trader Joe's. Many of these new businesses are restaurants; La Grange draws much of this business from the neighboring town of Western Springs, since Western Springs did not allow the sale of alcoholic beverages in restaurants until recently. In June 2006, animal statues were placed around the downtown area, mimicking the famous Chicago Cows.

This expansion of the downtown led to increased congestion; often, parking became difficult to find, especially on weekends. One proposal to remedy this was the building of a parking garage in a current parking-lot area; some very vocal residents, however, opposed this as a waste of tax dollars. Eventually, a referendum on the parking garage was passed; ground was broken on March 3, 2005. The parking structure is now complete and operational. The parking structure was paid for by a grant from the state for the advancement of public transportation (since increasing parking for train commuters would increase the number of people willing to use the train). The upkeep is paid for by an increase in the sales tax at restaurants and other entertainment establishments. There was no increase in the local property taxes.

Arts and culture[edit]

La Grange holds numerous public activities and festivals. Art fairs, historic housewalks, carnivals, and farmer's markets are also common, mostly taking place in the downtown area.

An annual event known as the Pet Parade has been conducted every year since 1947 and attracts thousands of people from the la Grange area.

Architecture[edit]

A few homes in town were designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. There is even a "bootleg" house, one he designed on the side, contrary to his employment agreement, when he was supposed to be working exclusively for architect Louis Sullivan. Wright was reportedly fired over this and similar employment agreement infractions.

Government[edit]

The Village of La Grange is a non-home rule municipal corporation and operates under a board-manager form of government. A seven-member board of trustees, elected as provided by state law, serves four-year overlapping terms. A village manager is appointed by the board.

The village has six operating departments: administration, finance, police, fire, community development and public works.

The village is in Illinois' 3rd congressional district, and is represented by Dan Lipinski.

The village is served by the Park District of La Grange with a five-member board of commissioners, elected as provided by state law, which serves four-year overlapping terms. An executive director is appointed by the board.

Endorsing organizations[edit]

The longest-lived continuing endorsing organization in La Grange is the Citizens' Council.[17] As all such organizations under the village manager form of government, it is non-partisan. The council in particular seeks, evaluates, and recommends candidates for the village, library and park district boards.

Other non-partisan slating organizations form periodically to seek and support candidates for the various elected boards.

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

La Grange has public elementary schools, including two of the four schools in LaGrange Elementary School District 102: Cossitt School (named after Franklin Cossitt) and Ogden Avenue School (named after the local name for U.S. Route 34, which in turn is named after William Butler Ogden, first mayor of Chicago). Park Junior High is also part of District 102, but is located in La Grange Park, Illinois. La Grange Elementary School District 102 also includes Forest Road Elementary in La Grange Park, and Congress Park Elementary in Brookfield. Two other elementary schools in La Grange are part of La Grange Elementary School District 105: Seventh Avenue School and Spring Avenue School, both located on the streets that share their names. Gurrie Middle School also serves District 105. Some students in the southwest portion of La Grange are serviced by Highlands Elementary School and Highlands Middle School in nearby La Grange Highlands, part of La Grange Highlands School District 106.

St. Cletus and St. Francis Xavier serve as the two Roman Catholic schools in La Grange. St. John's Lutheran is the one Lutheran elementary school within the village limits.

Lyons Township High School in La Grange, founded in 1888, now has two campuses. North Campus, located in La Grange, is used by Juniors and Seniors and was the original high school. Freshmen and Sophomores go to South Campus, founded in 1956, located in neighboring Western Springs. The Campus was split due to lack of available land for expansion around the original building. Previously there also was a junior college associated with the high school but due to increasing enrollment, lack of space, and new rules that separated junior colleges from high schools, it was merged with College of DuPage in 1967. When it was open, Lyons Township Junior College was nicknamed Tick-Tock Tech, due to its location near the clock tower.

Media[edit]

One of the newspapers of La Grange is The Doings,[18] a subsidiary of the Chicago Tribune.

Lyons Township[edit]

Lyons Township High School by far provides the most media outlets. The first one established, LION Newspaper, was founded over a century ago and distributes news to all over the district. The second form of media, WLTL, first aired in 1968 and has been broadcasting music for fifty years. LTHS also hosts Lyons Township Television (LTTV), which transmits sports or programs created by students of Lyons Township.

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Metra train stop on the BNSF Railway Line

Two major highways traverse La Grange: The village's main street, La Grange Road (U.S. Routes 12/20/45) runs north-south; Ogden Avenue (U.S. Route 34) runs east-west. U.S. 34 intersects with the Tri-State Tollway (I-294), west of the village, while U.S. 12/20/45 intersects Interstate 55 south of the village.

The BNSF Railway also runs through La Grange. Daily commuter service on that line, connecting Aurora and Chicago, is provided by Metra, and stops at two stations within the village: La Grange Road and Stone Avenue. Amtrak also serves the station nearest La Grange Road. Freight rail traffic on the line is extremely heavy, with BNSF operating freight trains on all three mainline routes through the village. During non-rush hours, a freight train may run along the line as frequently as once every ten minutes on average. The nearby Indiana Harbor Belt Railroad runs underneath the BNSF line and has trains running through non-stop.

Passenger airline service is available at O'Hare and Midway airports, both located in Chicago. A proposed passenger rail line connecting the two airports would have a station in La Grange.[19]

Commuter bus service is provided by Pace, the suburban bus division of the Regional Transportation Authority.

La Grange was once home to a municipal air field called Stinson Airport. The airport was closed in the late 1950s and is now a large quarry.

Health care[edit]

The La Grange Memorial Hospital, operated by Adventist Health System, is a level-two trauma center. The hospital has 270 inpatient beds. A $79 million renovation and expansion of the facility was completed in early 2007.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Community Profile". Village of La Grange. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d Cromie, William J. (1979). La Grange Centennial History. La Grange Historical Society.
  3. ^ a b "Village Officials". Village of La Grange. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
  4. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jun 29, 2017.
  5. ^ "GNIS Detail - La Grange". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 15 January 1980. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  6. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  7. ^ "La Grange, IL - Official Website - Census & Income Statistics". www.villageoflagrange.com. Retrieved 2015-10-26.
  8. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): La Grange village, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 13, 2013.
  9. ^ "Early History of La Grange". La Grange Historical Society. La Grange Historical Society.
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  11. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-08-04.
  12. ^ Goldwaith, James Walter (1909). Physical features of the Des Plaines Valley. University of Illinois - Urbana/Champaign. p. 68. ISBN 9781179968322. Archived from the original on 12 July 2018. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
  13. ^ "NOAA". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  15. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  16. ^ "Profile of General Demographic Characteristics, La Grange, Illinois" (PDF). (39.1 KiB). U.S. Census Bureau. Accessed 2007-04-03.
  17. ^ http://www.lgcitizenscouncil.org
  18. ^ The Doings
  19. ^ http://transitfuture.org/the-airport-connector-express/
  20. ^ "Company Overview of The Studer Group LLC". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
  21. ^ "Studer brings Double-A baseball to Pensacol". Pensacola News Journal. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
  22. ^ "Behind the Beanie Babies: The Secret Life of Ty Warner". Chicago magazine. Retrieved 2015-11-15.
  23. ^ ""1892 Directory of La Grange, Illinois" (PDF)" (PDF). La Grange Area Historical Society. La Grange. 1892. p. 12. Retrieved 2 September 2018.

External links[edit]