Descartes, Indre-et-Loire

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Descartes
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Descartes
Coat of arms
Location of Descartes
Descartes is located in France
Descartes
Descartes
Descartes is located in Centre-Val de Loire
Descartes
Descartes
Coordinates: 46°58′28″N 0°41′55″E / 46.9744°N 0.6986°E / 46.9744; 0.6986Coordinates: 46°58′28″N 0°41′55″E / 46.9744°N 0.6986°E / 46.9744; 0.6986
CountryFrance
RegionCentre-Val de Loire
DepartmentIndre-et-Loire
ArrondissementLoches
CantonDescartes
IntercommunalityCC Loches Sud Touraine
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Jacques Barbier
Area
1
38.08 km2 (14.70 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
3,642
 • Density96/km2 (250/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
37115 /37160
Elevation37–121 m (121–397 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Descartes is a commune in the Indre-et-Loire department in central France. It is approximately 13 miles east of Richelieu and about 24 miles east of Loudun, on the banks of the Creuse River.

History[edit]

Liberation of Descartes (then La Haye-Descartes) in 1944

Initially called La Haye en Touraine, the town was the birthplace of the philosopher René Descartes (1596–1650), although his family home was in nearby Châtellerault. Descartes left La Haye in approximately 1606 to attend the College Henri IV at La Flèche.[2] The town was renamed La Haye-Descartes in 1802 in his honour, and then renamed again to Descartes in 1967.

Population[edit]

See table at left.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1793997—    
1800850−14.7%
1806943+10.9%
18211,123+19.1%
18311,293+15.1%
18361,393+7.7%
18411,459+4.7%
18461,592+9.1%
18511,633+2.6%
18561,532−6.2%
18611,620+5.7%
18661,609−0.7%
18721,722+7.0%
18761,735+0.8%
18811,608−7.3%
18861,694+5.3%
18911,806+6.6%
18961,786−1.1%
19011,622−9.2%
19061,638+1.0%
19111,697+3.6%
19211,702+0.3%
19261,670−1.9%
19311,570−6.0%
19361,537−2.1%
19461,477−3.9%
19541,466−0.7%
19621,679+14.5%
19684,267+154.1%
19754,446+4.2%
19824,357−2.0%
19904,120−5.4%
19994,015−2.5%
20063,855−4.0%
20093,817−1.0%

Personalities[edit]

The town is notable in Acadian genealogy as the birthplace of the Heberts.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ "Editor's Preface" in Discourse on Method and Meditations on First Philosophy (Hackett: 1998)