La Hoya, Alava

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La Hoya archaeological site
La Hoyako aztarnategi arkeologikoa
La Hoyako oin biribileko etxe baten maketa. La Hoyako bizilekuaren irudia, Biasterin (Araba).PNG
La Hoya, Alava is located in Álava
La Hoya, Alava
Shown within Álava
Location Binasperi, Lanciego/Lantziego
Region Álava
Coordinates 42°33′54″N 2°35′11.04″W / 42.56500°N 2.5864000°W / 42.56500; -2.5864000Coordinates: 42°33′54″N 2°35′11.04″W / 42.56500°N 2.5864000°W / 42.56500; -2.5864000
Type Human settlement
Area 4 ha (9.9 acres)
History
Periods 15th and 3rd centuries BCE
Site notes
Archaeologists Alejandro Sampedro Martínez et al

The ancient town of La Hoya (Biasteri, Alava, Basque Country) is a most important archaeological site of the Bronze and Iron Ages of the Basque Country and nearby areas of Spain.

The fortified town was inhabited between the 15th and 3rd centuries BCE and occupies four hectares. It has three levels:

  • Middle-Late Bronze Age: in this early period, the fortifications, as well the houses, were all made of wood.
  • Early-Middle Iron Age: construction became more complex using mixed formulas with stone, wood and adobe. Most houses were near the wall in this period.
  • Late Iron Age, with a cultural context that some classify as Celtiberian, shows important changes in urbanization: with paved streets and plazas that form a reticular structure. The wall is also rebuilt on stone. This final period also shows great advancement in the technologies: potter's wheel, elaborated blacksmitting, etc.

The successive layers of rubble, that served as cimentations for further edification, make up a small tell 3 meters high.

The town was destroyed violently c. 300 BCE, leaving the remains of the people and their quotidain tools in the streets.

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