La Iglesia de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles

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La Iglesia de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles
La Iglesia de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles
A photograph of the "Plaza Church" taken by William Henry Jackson between 1890 and 1900. The structure incorporated a four-bell campanario ("bell wall") prior to being rebuilt in 1861.[1]
La Iglesia de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles is located in Los Angeles
La Iglesia de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles
Location in Central Los Angeles
LocationLos Angeles, California
Coordinates34°03′25″N 118°14′22″W / 34.05698°N 118.23939°W / 34.05698; -118.23939Coordinates: 34°03′25″N 118°14′22″W / 34.05698°N 118.23939°W / 34.05698; -118.23939
Name as foundedIglesia de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles
English translationThe Church of Our Lady Queen of the Angels
PatronMary, mother of Jesus
Founding dateAugust 18, 1814
Founding priest(s)Father Luis Gíl y Taboada
Governing bodyRoman Catholic Church
Current useParish Church
Reference no.#144
Reference no.3[2]

La Iglesia de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles[3] (English: "The Church of Our Lady Queen of the Angels") is a historic Catholic church in El Pueblo de los Ángeles Historical Monument in northern downtown Los Angeles, California. The church was founded by the Spanish in the early 19th century when modern-day California was under Spanish rule and known as Alta California in the Viceroyalty of New Spain.

History[edit]

La Iglesia de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles ("The Church of Our Lady Queen of the Angels") was founded on August 18, 1814, by Franciscan Fray Luis Gil y Taboada. He placed the cornerstone for the new church in the adobe ruins of the original "sub-station mission" here, the Nuestra Señora Reina de los Ángeles Asistencia (founded 1784), thirty years after it was established to serve the settlement founding Los Angeles Pobladores (original settlers). The completed new structure was dedicated on December 8, 1822.[4] A replacement chapel, named La Iglesia de Nuestra Señora de los Ángeles – for Mary, mother of Jesus or "The Church of Our Lady of the Angels" – was rebuilt using materials of the original church in 1861. The title Reina, meaning "Queen," was added later to the name.[5] For years, the little chapel, which collected the nicknames "La Placita" and "Plaza Church," served as the sole Roman Catholic church in Los Angeles.

20th century[edit]

The facility has operated under the auspices of the Claretian Missionary Fathers since 1908.[6]

The building was designated as one of the first three Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monuments in 1962.[2] It has also been designated as a California Historical Landmark.[7]

21st century[edit]

The church is a part of the Archdiocese of Los Angeles and serves as a neighborhood parish church, as well as a cultural landmark. Since the 1960s it has been retrofitted against earthquakes. Masses are said in Spanish and English.

California Historical Landmark Marker[edit]

California Historical Landmark Marker NO. 144 at the site reads:[8]

  • NO. 144 NUESTRA SEÑORA LA REINA DE LOS ANGELES - La Iglesia de Nuestra Senora la Reina de Los Angeles-the Church of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels-was dedicated on December 8, 1822 during California's Mexican era. Originally known as La Iglesia de Nuestra Senora de Los Angeles, the church was the only Catholic church for the pueblo. Today it primarily serves the Hispanic population of Los Angeles.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  • Miller, Henry and Harry Knill, ed. (2000). California Missions: The Earliest Series of Views Made in 1856. Bellerophon Books, Santa Barbara, CA. ISBN 0-88388-119-5.
  • Ruscin, Terry (1999). Mission Memoirs. Sunbelt Publications, San Diego, CA. ISBN 0-932653-30-8.
  • "Directory for Missions and other Hispanic Sites". California Mission Studies Association. Archived from the original on 2007-04-02. Retrieved 2007-05-30.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Miller and Knill, p. 1
  2. ^ a b Los Angeles Department of City Planning (September 7, 2007). "Historic - Cultural Monuments (HCM) Listing: City Declared Monuments" (PDF). City of Los Angeles. Retrieved 2008-05-29. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. ^ California Mission Studies Association
  4. ^ Ruscin, p. 49.
  5. ^ Ruscin, p. 50.
  6. ^ http://apostoladocmf.org/p/america/-usa/los-angeles/la-placita. Access 11/02/2019
  7. ^ #144 California Historical Landmark
  8. ^ californiahistoricallandmarks.com 144, Nuestra Señora Reina de los Angeles

External links[edit]