La Llorona

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"Weeping Woman" redirects here. For the painting by Pablo Picasso, see The Weeping Woman.
For the 1960 Mexican film, see La Llorona (film).
Actors representing La Llorona

La Llorona ("The Weeping Woman") is a widespread legend throughout the region of Hispanic America. It is occasionally referred to by its translation into English, or by "The weeping Woman."

Legend[edit]

Although several variations exist, the most basic story tells of a beautiful woman by the name of Maria who drowns her children in the Mexican river in means of revenge because her husband left her for a younger woman. She soon realizes that her children are dead, so she drowned herself in a river in Mexico City. Challenged at the gates of Heaven as to the whereabouts of her children, she is not permitted to enter the afterlife until she has found them. Maria is forced to wander the Earth for all eternity, searching in vain for her drowned offspring, with her constant weeping giving her the name "La Llorona". She is trapped in between the living world and the spirit world. Parents often use this story to prevent their children from wandering out at night. In some versions of this tale and legend, La Llorona will kidnap wandering children who resemble her missing children, asking her children for forgiveness and drowning these other children to take their place but they never forgive her and she keeps trying. People who claim to have seen her say she appears at night or in the late evenings from rivers or lakes in Mexico. Some believe that those who hear the wails of La Llorona are marked for death, similar to the Gaelic banshee legend.[1] She is said to cry, ¡Ay, mis hijos! ("Oh, my children!")

Other folktales[edit]

Local Aztec folklore possibly influenced the legend; the goddess Cihuacoatl or Coatlicue was said to have appeared shortly prior to the discovery of New Spain by Hernán Cortés, weeping for her lost children, an omen of the fall of the Aztec empire.

La Llorona is also sometimes identified with La Malinche, the Nahua woman who served as Cortés's interpreter and who some say was betrayed by the Spanish conquistadors. In one folk story of La Malinche, she became Cortés's mistress and bore him a child, only to be abandoned so that he could marry a Spanish lady (although no evidence exists that La Malinche killed her children). Aztec pride drove La Malinche to acts of vengeance. In this context, the tale compares the Spanish discovery of the New World and the demise of indigenous culture after the conquest with La Llorona's loss.

Beyond the Aztec sphere of influence, in the mythology of the Chumash of Southern California, one of the nunašɨš (creatures of the other world) called the ‘’maxulaw’’ or ‘’mamismis’’ is identified with La Llorona. It cries up in the trees like a newborn baby and its cry is an omen of death. The ‘’maxulaw’’ is described as looking like a cat with skin of rawhide leather.[2]

Outside the Americas, La Llorona bears a resemblance to the ancient Greek tale of the demonic demigodess Lamia.[3] Hera, Zeus' wife, learned of his affair with Lamia, and then forced Zeus to give up the relationship and punished Lamia by forcing her to eat her own children. Out of jealousy over the loss of her own children, Lamia preys upon human children and devours them if she catches them.[4][5] In Greek mythology, Medea killed the two children fathered by Jason (one of the Argonauts) after he left her for another woman.

In popular culture[edit]

La Llorona was referenced in the Multiplayer online battle arena game League of Legends to commemorate the launch of the game in Hispanic America. Developer Riot Games released a skin for the character Morgana known as "Ghost Bride Morgana" in the United States and "Morgana la Llorona" in Spanish-speaking countries, directly referencing the legend.[6]

In The Invisible Man episode "Ghost of a Chance," Alianora is presenting herself as La Llorona to try to manipulate a superstitious Prime Minister.[7]

La Llorona also appeared as the "monster of the week" in the NBC TV series Grimm in the ninth episode of Season 2 which first aired on October 26, 2012. She is portrayed by Angela Alvarado Rosa. In this Halloween-themed episode, La Llorona is given a specific pattern: she chooses three child victims, two boys and a girl between the ages of seven and ten, near a forked river: one from each leg of the fork and a third from the leg after the river joins. She is also stated to take all of the children during the day on Halloween, and then takes them back to the rivers' nexus and drown them by midnight that same night. At the end of the episode, she leads her newest victims to the water's edge and cries out to her lost children, begging them to forgive her. The ghosts of her children surface, and she again begs their forgiveness, offering her three victims to "take [their] place". Nick Burkhardt (the protagonist and eponymous Grimm), his partner and a Wesen that had been tracking La Llorona for years come upon the scene before she can lead the children into the water, and he tackles her into the river. The two characters are fighting under the river's surface when midnight strikes, at which point she fades from his (and the camera's) sight. La Llorona is one of the few "monster" characters to appear on the show that is not classified as Wesen.

La Llorona appeared as the first antagonist in the pilot episode of the TV series Supernatural. Sarah Shahi portrayed Constance Welch, The Woman in White who, after discovering her husband's infidelity took the life of her two children by drowning them in a bathtub at home and soon after, took her own by jumping off a bridge into a river. Her ghost was known to haunt the Centennial Highway, hitchhiking unknowing motorists, mostly men, and killing those who she deemed are unfaithful. Sam Winchester destroyed her ghost by smashing his car into the house where she used to live. Finally facing the ghosts of her children, The Woman in White was destroyed by her own guilt from killing them.

La Llorona is the name of the first track on Seattle doom metal band Samothrace's Life's Trade LP (2008).

La Llorona briefly appears in the 1973 Mexican film Leyendas macabras de la colonia.

La Llorona appears as the main antagonist of the Mexican animated film La Leyenda de la Llorona. Here, La Llorona is portrayed as a more sympathetic character, with her children's deaths coming as an accident rather than at her own hands.

La Llorona is mentioned in the 2003 film "Chasing Papi" starring Sofia Vergara, Roselyn Sanchez, Jaci Velasquez, and Eduardo Verástegui. Her screams can be heard when Thomas (Eduardo) is under stress or confronted by the three women in his life. La Llorna's image is shown a few times in the film too.

La Llorona has also been the theme character of several of Universal Studios's haunted houses during their annual Halloween event, Halloween Horror Nights. (Both Hollywood and Orlando locations)[8]

The story of La Llorona has been turned into a short comic book story by Love and Rockets writer/artist Gilbert Hernandez. La Llorona is also one of the various names used by Hopey and Terry's punk band in Jaime Hernandez's Mechanics series.

La Llorona also appeared as an antagonist in the DC Comics New 52 series Batwoman.

La Llorona appears in Josh Walker's 2014 novel, Luke Coles and the Flower of Chiloe where the Llorona is the mark of one of Luke's hunts.[9]

The Weeping Woman is the subject of a song by Kate Vargas released in 2014, called "Mama Watched Me Sink."[10]

La Llorona also is a short film to be released in early 2015.[11]

La Llorona is featured in a song of the same name sung by the Vocaloids: Maika, Oliver and GUMI [12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Aragon, Ray John (2006). The Legend of La Llorona. Santa Fe, NM: Sunstone Press. p. 4. 
  2. ^ ed. Blackburn, Thomas C. ‘’December's Child: A Book of Chumash Oral Narratives’’ p. 93
  3. ^ Folklore: In All of Us, In All We Do. University of North Texas Press. 
  4. ^ Theoi Project: "Lamia"
  5. ^ Aristophanes, Peace
  6. ^ La Llorona in League of Legends
  7. ^ http://www.tv.com/shows/the-invisible-man/ghost-of-a-chance-43575/
  8. ^ http://www.halloweenhorrornights.com
  9. ^ http://www.joshwalkerbooks.com
  10. ^ http://kate-vargas.com/track/572289/mama-watched-me-sink
  11. ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt4006248/
  12. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y74o0JEhgv0

Bibliography[edit]

  • Perez, Domino Renee, There Was a Woman: La Llorona from Folklore to Popular Culture
  • Mathews, Holly F. 1992. The directive force of morality tales in a Mexican community. In Human motives and cultural models, edited by R.G.D'Andrade and C. Strauss, 127-62. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Ray John De Aragon, The Legend of La Llorona, Sunstone Press, 2006. ISBN=1466429798 (ISBN13: 9781466429796).
  • Belinda Vasquez Garcia, The Witch Narratives Reincarnation, Magic Prose Publishing, 2012. ISBN=978-0-86534-505-8 (ISBN13: 9781466429796).

External links[edit]