La Loma Plaza Historic District

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La Loma Plaza Historic District
La Loma Plaza 6.JPG
La Loma Plaza Historic District sign
La Loma Plaza Historic District is located in New Mexico
La Loma Plaza Historic District
Location NM 240, Taos, New Mexico
Coordinates 36°24′23″N 105°34′50″W / 36.40639°N 105.58056°W / 36.40639; -105.58056Coordinates: 36°24′23″N 105°34′50″W / 36.40639°N 105.58056°W / 36.40639; -105.58056
Area 11 acres (4.5 ha)
Built 1795 (1795)
Architectural style Colonial, Pueblo, Spanish Colonial
NRHP reference # 82003339[1]
NMSRCP # 861
Significant dates
Added to NRHP July 8, 1982
Designated NMSRCP April 15, 1982

The La Loma Plaza Historic District of Taos, New Mexico was listed as a National Register of Historic Places in 1982.[1]

History[edit]

Taos was originally settled in part due to Don Fernando de Taos land grants, which resulted in the construction of the fortified La Loma Plaza,[2] located on a hill west of the central Taos plaza.[3]

To protect themselves from attacks by Plains Indians, such as Comanche, Apache and Utes,[4] the Spanish settlers built homes contiguously with shared common walls[2] and the outer walls were solid adobe. Entrances to the center of the plaza were limited. It is believed that La Loma was settled between 1795 when most Spanish settlers left the protection of the fortified Taos Pueblo to settle in land that is now the town of Taos and before 1846 when New Mexico became a United States provisional government and fortified settlements were less important.[4]

Water was generally supplied by wells. Residents had chickens, pigs, cows and horses[2] that grazed on pastureland between La Loma and the Taos Plaza.[3] The settlers built the San Antonio church in the plaza, which was blessed in October 1876 by Archbishop Lamy. They also helped found the town of Taos. Some of the residents were artists.[2]

Most of the houses within the quiet plaza have been restored.[2]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Historic Taos: A Self-Guided Walking Tour of 22 Historic Taos Landmarks. Archived 2014-08-24 at the Wayback Machine. Taos.org p. 13. Retrieved July 23, 2014.
  3. ^ a b La Lomo Plaza Historic District. Nomination Form. National Register of Historic Places. September 15, 1981. p. 2. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
  4. ^ a b La Lomo Plaza Historic District. Nomination Form. National Register of Historic Places. September 15, 1981. p. 8. Retrieved July 24, 2014.

External links[edit]

Media related to La Loma Plaza Historic District at Wikimedia Commons