La Macarena, Meta

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La Macarena, Meta
Municipality and town
Skyline of La Macarena, Meta
Flag of La Macarena, Meta
Flag
Location of the municipality and town of La Macarena, Meta in the Meta Department of Colombia.
Location of the municipality and town of La Macarena, Meta in the Meta Department of Colombia.
Country Colombia
DepartmentMeta Department
FoundedNovember 1954
Government
 • MayorIsmael Medellin Duenas
Area
 • Municipality and town11,229 km2 (4,335.54 sq mi)
Elevation
233 m (764 ft)
Population
 (2015)
 • Municipality and town32,861
 • Urban
4,458
Time zoneUTC-5 (Colombia Standard Time)
ClimateAm
Official Website[1]

La Macarena is a town and municipality in the Meta Department, located about 280 km (170 m) south of Bogotá, Colombia.

The town was included in the former El Caguan DMZ. Now, back in the control of Colombian Army and Police Force, the town is a growing Ecotourism destination particularly the five coloured river Caño Cristales considered one of the most beautiful in the world. La Macarena is served by La Macarena Airport.

Unidentified corpses and allegations of a mass grave[edit]

In January 2010, El Nuevo Herald reported that local villagers had announced the discovery of a mass grave allegedly containing almost 2,000 unidentified corpses in the La Macarena cemetery, apparently containing bodies that had been taken there by the Colombian Army and presented as guerrilla combat casualties. Villagers interviewed by the newspaper suspected that relatives who had previously disappeared during the last few years would have been buried at the site and denied that they were guerrillas. Colombian officials and prosecutors called for further inquiries into the matter. The Inspector General sent investigators into the area and the Attorney General's Office announced an additional probe.[2]

In August 2010, Tribune Magazine reported that an international delegation made up of politicians, lawyers and labor unionists led by the UK-based Justice for Colombia NGO visited the site to take part in a public hearing. According to Justice for Colombia, locals provided reports and evidence of extrajudicial killings by the Colombian military. Colombian President Álvaro Uribe rejected the delegation's presence and accused its members of slandering the Colombian Army.a[3]

In September 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights visited the La Macarena site and confirmed 446 unidentified bodies that had been reported as guerrillas killed in combat since 2002 were buried in a graveyard but did not find signs of a mass grave nor of any clandestine burials. A report by UN officials called for the identification of the bodies and confirming whether or not human rights violations had been committed. The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights expressed its concerns "about the lack of effective controls and adequate records regarding reports of people killed in combat, which raises questions about the circumstances surrounding their deaths." The Colombian Defense Ministry acknowledged the UN's findings and stated that it would support any subsequent investigations.[4]

History[edit]

The Macarena Municipality was inhabited by natives especially from the Guayaberos indigenous group who were settled on the banks of the Guayabero and Guaviare River within the site known as Angosturas I. The Spanish colonization in 1535 advanced through the eastern plains in search of routes to arriving in Peru, he left the area due to the clashes with the indigenous people and mainly to the inhospitable nature of the jungle. In the 1950s, Caqueta settlers arrived in these lands where they settled, creating a nucleus of settlers called El Refugio, the current site where the municipal seat is located.

Their only means of communication was by air and they communicated with Madrid (Cundinamarca), Apiay in Villavicencio, Melgar (Tolima) and Bogotá and by land they communicated with San Vicente del Caguán, Caquetá.

In the 1970s it was Police Inspection of San Juan de Arama, in 1974 by ordinance Nº. 021 was granted the category of Municipality.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.iprc.org.co, Equipo de Internet para la Rendición de Cuentas -. "Sitio web del municipio La Macarena en Meta". www.lamacarena-meta.gov.co.
  2. ^ Herald, GONZALO GUILLÉN / E. Nuevo. "Hallan fosa común con cerca de 2,000 cadáveres en el oriente de Colombia". elnuevoherald.
  3. ^ "tribunemagazine.co.uk". www.tribunemagazine.co.uk.
  4. ^ UNHCHR: 446 unidentified bodies buried in Meta graveyard

External Links[edit]

Coordinates: 2°10′58″N 73°47′5″W / 2.18278°N 73.78472°W / 2.18278; -73.78472