La Maddalena

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La Maddalena

La Madalena
Comune di La Maddalena
La Maddalena Panorama 2.jpg
Coat of arms of La Maddalena
Coat of arms
Location of La Maddalena
La Maddalena is located in Italy
La Maddalena
La Maddalena
Location of La Maddalena in Sardinia
La Maddalena is located in Sardinia
La Maddalena
La Maddalena
La Maddalena (Sardinia)
Coordinates: 41°13′N 09°24′E / 41.217°N 9.400°E / 41.217; 9.400
CountryItaly
RegionSardinia
ProvinceSassari
FrazioniMoneta, Stagnali
Government
 • MayorLuca Carlo Montella
Area
 • Total52.01 km2 (20.08 sq mi)
Elevation
27 m (89 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total11,233
 • Density220/km2 (560/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Maddalenini
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
07020, 07024
Dialing code0789
Patron saintSt. Mary Magdalene
Saint dayJuly 22
WebsiteOfficial website

La Maddalena (Gallurese: Madalena or La Madalena, Sardinian: Sa Madalena) is a comune located on the islands of the Maddalena archipelago in the province of Sassari, northern Sardinia, Italy.

The main town of the same name is located on homonymous island.

Comune[edit]

The La Madalena comune covers all the territory of the La Maddalena archipelago including the islands: Barrettini, Barettinelli, Bisce, Budelli, Camizie, Cappuccini, Caprera, Chiesa, Colombo, Corcelli, Delle Bocche, Italiani, Le Camere, Nibani, Maddalena, Monaci, Mortorio, Pecora, Piana, Porco, Porro, Presa, Razzoli, Santa Maria, Santo Stefano, Soffi, Spargi and Spargiotto.[2]

Town[edit]

A square in La Maddalena.

La Maddalena is the largest town in the Maddalena archipelago, just 2 kilometres (1 mile) from the northeastern shore of Sardinia and sitting in the Straits of Bonifacio, between it and Corsica.

The focal-point of pedestrian activity is around Piazza Umberto I (formerly known as Piazza Comando-the older generation of natives in town still commonly refer to the piazza by its original name). There is an adjacent via (Garibaldi) that connects the port (Banchina Commerciale I) facing the Island of Santo Stefano and Piazza Umberto I with city hall. Via Garibaldi is surrounded by commercial shops, restaurants, and bars.

La Maddalena now derives much of its income from tourism. The only method of traveling to La Maddalena is by boat, with car ferries travelling from nearby Palau and from the Italian mainland.

The natives of La Maddalena speak a Sardo-Corsican dialect known as Maddalenino.

Island[edit]

The island of Maddalena has several beaches, including Bassa Trinita and Spalmatore. It is characterized by rocky granitic terrain and has some ancient fortifications. It is connected by causeway with the nearby island of Caprera, known as the residence of the Italian revolutionary Giuseppe Garibaldi.

The Old Town.
La Maddalena Port.

History[edit]

La Maddalena has undergone many name changes: the Romans named it Ilva, Fussa and Bucina and in the Middle Ages the island was known as "Bicinara" before being given the name of Santa Maria Magdalena in the 16th century. After this it finally became known as La Maddalena.

The Maddalena archipelago is known from archaeological evidence to have been occupied in prehistoric times, but its written history begins with the Roman Empire.

After the fall of the Western Roman Empire the islands were completely abandoned until the 12th century, when they were chosen by Benedictine monks founding small communities there. The islands were the object of a dispute between the Republics of Pisa and Genoa in the 12th century.

In 1584 all the monasteries on the islands were destroyed by one of the Ottoman raids. In the 17th century shepherds began to bring their flocks to the islands in the winter months.

Its location in the Strait of Bonifacio, through which much maritime traffic must pass, has turned the archipelago into a strategic military position. In 1767 it was occupied by the Savoy-Piedmontese. The nucleus of the present town of La Maddalena emerged then.

In 1793 a French expedition, in which Napoleon Bonaparte took part, unsuccessfully tried to occupy the island. It was the first combat experience of Napoleon Bonaparte. During all the Napoleonic Wars Admiral Horatio Nelson used the archipelago of La Maddalena as a base for his fleet in actions against the French.

A base was established here by the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy) in 1887. In 1943, during World War II, Benito Mussolini was briefly held prisoner here.

The former Naval Arsenal at the Moneta locality was planned to host the 35th G8 Summit in 2009, but later it was moved to L'Aquila.[3]

Twin towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "I Nostri Comuni". Unione dei Comuni Gallura (in Italian). Retrieved 2019-06-13.
  3. ^ de Tisi, Claudio. "Arcipelago de La Maddalena". La mia Sardegna. Retrieved 2019-06-17.

External links[edit]