La Matanza Partido

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
La Matanza
Partido de La Matanza
Department
location of La Matanza in Gran Buenos Aires
location of La Matanza in Gran Buenos Aires
Country Argentina
Established 1784
Capital San Justo
Government
 • Mayor Fernando Espinoza, PJ
Area
 • Total 325 km2 (125 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 1,775,272[1]
Demonym matanzero
Postal Code B1625
IFAM BUE065
Area Code 011 or 02202
Coordinates 34°43′S 58°38′W / 34.717°S 58.633°W / -34.717; -58.633
Website http://www.lamatanza.gov.ar

La Matanza ('The Slaughter' in Spanish) is a partido (county) located in the urban agglomeration of Greater Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina.

This provincial subdivision had 1,775,272 inhabitants (at the 2010 Census)[1] in an area of 325.71 km2 (125.76 sq mi). Its capital city is San Justo, which is located around 16 km (10 mi) from the autonomous city of Buenos Aires.

History[edit]

The name comes from a confrontation that Diego, the brother of conquistador Pedro de Mendoza, had with the Querandí tribe in 1536, where he and 22 soldiers that were with him died. In his name, this area and the river are named La Matanza (The Slaughter), sometimes using the plural form.

The partido was named Pago until 1730, then Partido de Matanza y Pozos (Partido of Slaughter and Wells): it was then a largely underpopulated rural area, and was led by a two-mayor system. In 1784, the partido was divided in two into Las Matanzas and Cañada de Morón (Morón Gully). In 1856, the capital city San Justo was founded.

Population[edit]

According the Argentine census bureau, the INDEC, the population was 1,121,298 in 1991, 1,255,288 in 2001 and 1,772,130 in 2010. It is the most populated Partido in the Province of Buenos Aires and the biggest municipality in the country.

Administrative subdivisions[edit]

La Matanza Partido is divided into fifteen subdivisions or localidades:

Notes and references[edit]

External links[edit]