La Matanza Partido
Partido de La Matanza
location of La Matanza in Gran Buenos Aires
|• Mayor||Fernando Espinoza, PJ|
|• Total||325 km2 (125 sq mi)|
|Area Code||011 or 02202|
This provincial subdivision had 1,775,272 inhabitants (at the 2010 Census) in an area of 325.71 km2 (125.76 sq mi). Its capital city is San Justo, which is located around 16 km (10 mi) from the autonomous city of Buenos Aires.
The name comes from a confrontation that Diego, the brother of conquistador Pedro de Mendoza, had with the Querandí tribe in 1536, where he and 22 soldiers that were with him died. In his name, this area and the river are named La Matanza (The Slaughter), sometimes using the plural form.
The partido was named Pago until 1730, then Partido de Matanza y Pozos (Partido of Slaughter and Wells): it was then a largely underpopulated rural area, and was led by a two-mayor system. In 1784, the partido was divided in two into Las Matanzas and Cañada de Morón (Morón Gully). In 1856, the capital city San Justo was founded.
According to the Argentine census bureau, the INDEC, the population was 1,121,298 in 1991, 1,255,288 in 2001 and 1,772,130 in 2010. It is the most populated Partido in the Province of Buenos Aires and the biggest municipality in the country.
La Matanza Partido is divided into fifteen subdivisions or localidades:
- Aldo Bonzi
- Ciudad Evita
- Ciudad Madero
- González Catán
- Gregorio de Laferrere
- Isidro Casanova
- La Tablada
- Lomas del Mirador
- Rafael Castillo
- Ramos Mejia
- San Justo
- Veinte de Junio
- Villa Luzuriaga
- Virrey del Pino
Notes and references
- (Spanish) Municipality of La Matanza
- (Spanish) National University of La Matanza
- (Spanish) Sitio de la ciudad de San Justo
- (Spanish) Local Newspaper
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