La Molina District

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La Molina
District
District sign at La Molina Avenue
District sign at La Molina Avenue
Coat of arms of La Molina
Coat of arms
Location of La Molina in Lima Province
Location of La Molina in Lima Province
Coordinates: 12°4′40″S 76°54′40″W / 12.07778°S 76.91111°W / -12.07778; -76.91111Coordinates: 12°4′40″S 76°54′40″W / 12.07778°S 76.91111°W / -12.07778; -76.91111
Country  Peru
Region Lima
Province Lima
Founded February 6, 1962
Capital La Molina
Government
 • Mayor Juan Carlos Zurek
Area
 • Total 65.75 km2 (25.39 sq mi)
Elevation 241 m (791 ft)
Population (2005 census)
 • Total 124,468
 • Density 1,900/km2 (4,900/sq mi)
Time zone PET (UTC-5)
UBIGEO 150114
Website munimolina.gob.pe

La Molina is a district of the Lima Province in Peru, and one of the upscale districts that comprise the city of Lima. Officially established as a district on February 6, 1962, the current mayor (alcalde) of La Molina is Juan Carlos Zurek. The district's postal code is 12.

Geography[edit]

The district has a total land area of 65.75 km². Its administrative centre is located 241 metres above sea level.

La Molina is located between 12° 00' 07" S, 76° 57' 00" and 76° 51' 00" W.

Boundaries[edit]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2005 census by the INEI, the district has 124,468 inhabitants, a population density of 1,893 persons/km² and 33,646 households. Annual median income varies greatly.

History[edit]

Name[edit]

There are two possible origins, both referring to the owners of the estates located in the area in the Peruvian Republican era.

  • Captain Nicolás Flores de Molina, owner of La Molina estate.
  • Melchor Malo de Molina, Marquis de Monterrico, owner of Monterrico Grande estate.

Creation[edit]

In the years before its creation, the estates located in the geographic area of the district (Granados, Melgarejo, La Rinconada, Camacho and La Molina) had been already sold (or expropriated by the Juan Velasco Alvarado administration) and divided, giving origin to smaller yet large properties. Soon, due to the quiet and beautiful surroundings, owning country houses in La Molina became a trend for high class people. This resulted in the populating of the first neighbours, individuals with high incomes. Finally, on February 6, 1962, La Molina district was officially created by Act No. 13981 during the Manuel Prado Ugarteche government.

Philanthropy[edit]

Some members of the community are active members in "Un techo para mi pais" which helps people in need build houses. TECHO

Urban distribution[edit]

La Molina district is divided into middle, middle-high and upper class urbanizations.

Upper class urbanizations[edit]

La Molina is best known for the large and luxurious houses that give shape to expensive properties located in urbanizations like La Planicie, Rinconada, Las Lagunas, Camacho, Residential Monterrico, La Molina Vieja, Alameda de la Molina Vieja, Los Sirius, Corregidor, El Remanso and Huertos de La Molina. Numerous Peruvian celebrities, leading businesspeople and political figures live in these urbanizations. Due to their relative safety, calm and low population density, these urbanizations are highly valued in real state. Furthermore, some of the most exclusive Peruvian social clubs are located in the area: Rinconada Country Club, La Planicie Country Club and Hebraica Club.

Middle and middle-high class urbanizations[edit]

Santa Felicia, Santa Raquel, Covima, Santa Patricia, La Ensenada, La Capilla, Las Acacias, Los Ingenieros, Pablo Bonner, Pablo Cánepa, La Fontana and Farwest compose the middle and middle-high class area in the district. They compose the largest part of the district. Some urbanizations (Santa Patricia, Santa Felicia, Santa Raquel and Covima) used to belong to the neighbouring district of Ate, but they were won over by La Molina. The process was led by the desire of the neighbours.

MUSA is an special case. It started as a human settlement, but after a great effort and the help of La Molina Government, they achieved the awarding of their properties.

Urban development[edit]

La Molina faces an accessibility problem because the Javier Prado and Raúl Ferrero avenues serve as the only roads that connect this district with the rest of the city of Lima, and thus become overloaded during the peak hours. Modern enterprise buildings, shopping malls, private universities are in La Molina. An intense urbanizing process has turned La Molina into an example of development and progress for the country.

In education, many of the first class private schools in Lima are located in La Molina, including Newton College, Colegio Waldorf-Lima, Frankin D. Roosevelt School, Peruvian North American Abraham Lincoln School, Colegio Villa María, Colegio La Recoleta, Colegio Alpamayo, Colegio Antonio Raimondi, Reina de los Ángeles School, Villa Caritas, San Pedro School, Peruvian-German School Reina del Mundo, Colegio Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, Colegio Lord Byron, Colegio Altair, La Molina Christian Schools, etc. Several universities are located in La Molina as well, including Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina, Universidad San Ignacio de Loyola, Universidad Femenina del Sagrado Corazón (UNIFE) and Universidad de San Martín de Porres.

External links[edit]