La Molina District

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La Molina
District sign at La Molina Avenue
District sign at La Molina Avenue
Flag of La Molina
Flag
Coat of arms of La Molina
Coat of arms
Location of La Molina in Lima Province
Location of La Molina in Lima Province
Coordinates: 12°4′40″S 76°54′40″W / 12.07778°S 76.91111°W / -12.07778; -76.91111Coordinates: 12°4′40″S 76°54′40″W / 12.07778°S 76.91111°W / -12.07778; -76.91111
Country Peru
RegionLima
ProvinceLima
FoundedFebruary 6, 1962
CapitalLa Molina
Government
 • MayorÁlvaro Paz de la Barra
(2019-2022)
Area
 • Total65.75 km2 (25.39 sq mi)
Elevation
241 m (791 ft)
Population
 (2017)
 • Total140,679
 • Density2,100/km2 (5,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (PET)
Area code
12
Postal code
15026
UBIGEO150114
Websitemunimolina.gob.pe

La Molina is a district of the Lima Province in Peru, and one of the upscale districts that comprise the province of Lima. Officially established as a district on February 6, 1962, the current mayor (alcalde) of La Molina is Álvaro Paz de la Barra.

Geography[edit]

The district has a total land area of 65.75 km². Its administrative centre is located 241 metres above sea level.

La Molina is located between 12° 00' 07" S, 76° 57' 00" and 76° 51' 00" W.

Boundaries[edit]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2005 census by the INEI, the district has 124,468 inhabitants, a population density of 1,893 persons/km² and 33,646 households. Annual median income varies greatly.

History[edit]

Name[edit]

There are two possible origins, both referring to the owners of the estates located in the area in the Peruvian Republican era.

  • Captain Nicolás Flores de Molina, owner of La Molina estate.
  • Melchor Malo de Molina, Marquis de Monterrico, owner of Monterrico Grande estate.

Creation[edit]

In the years before its creation, the estates located in the geographic area of the district (Granados, Melgarejo, La Rinconada, Camacho and La Molina) had been already sold (or expropriated by the Juan Velasco Alvarado administration) and divided, giving origin to smaller yet large properties. Soon, due to the quiet and beautiful surroundings, owning country houses in La Molina became a trend for high class people. This resulted in the populating of the first neighbours, individuals with high incomes. Finally, on February 6, 1962, La Molina district was officially created by Act No. 13981 during the Manuel Prado Ugarteche government.

Philanthropy[edit]

Some members of the community are active members in "Un techo para mi pais" which helps people in need build houses. TECHO

Districts Structure[edit]

La Molina is a residential district, largely high class, in which the urbanizations La Planicie, El Sol de La Molina, Rinconada, La Molina Vieja, Club Campestre Las Lagunas, Camacho, and in upper middle class stand out, such as Santa Patricia and Las Viñas. La Molina is identified as one of the districts where there is no extreme poverty.


La Molina has seven large clearly identified sectors:

Camacho: It is an area located to the west of the district, in which exclusive family houses are located. It is made up of the urbanizations of Camacho; which is very visited by residents of the same district for its striking shopping centers, Santa Sofía Magdalena, the La Fontana urbanization, part of Cerros de Camacho (shared with Groove) and the Monterrico Residential. This area borders the Surco district (Monterrico) and the Ate district (Salamanca). It is crossed by Las Palmeras Avenue, Javier Prado Avenue and Los Frutales Avenue. It makes up 15% of the district.

La Molina Vieja: It is the southern part of the district. In La Molina Vieja there are exclusive houses that are located in the urbanizations La Molina Vieja, La Alameda de la Molina Vieja, Los Sirius and El Remanso, Corregidor, here you can also find the Faculty of Law and Medicine of the San Martin de Porres University. There are also the Isla del Sol, Las Viñas de La Molina, Portada del Sol, La Capilla (Pro-Housing Association Vemtracom Association), La Molina Valley and Las Lomas de la Molina Vieja urbanizations. Make up 20% of the district

Santa Patricia: It is located to the north of the district and borders the district of Ate Vitarte (Mayorazgo). Santa Patricia, in general, is inhabited mostly by high-density middle-class sectors. It is made up of the quadrant between Avenida La Molina, Avenida Melgarejo, Avenida Separadora Industrial and Avenida La Universidad, and includes urbanizations such as Covima, Santa Raquel and Santa Felicia. It is the largest area in the district. In this there are centers of higher studies, among these: San Ignacio de Loyola, and Instituto San Ignacio de Loyola. As well as renowned private schools: Jean le Boulch, Antonio Raimondi, Nuestra Señora de Guía, Virgen del Rosario de Yungay, Bruning, among others. Although it is a residential area, it also develops commerce in avenues such as Melgarejo, Los Constructores, Flora Tristán and Javier Prado, especially with regard to restaurants. It is the most visually picturesque urbanization, since there are important architectural works, such as the main headquarters of the Mormon Church (made entirely of white marble) and the main headquarters of the Banco de Crédito del Perú, which is built on a reforested hill.

The Agrarian University La Molina: it is located in the middle of the district. Due to this university and its large green areas, La Molina is considered an ecological district.

La Planicie, Rinconada Alta, Rinconada Baja, Rinconada del Lago, El Sol de La Molina, Huertos de La Molina and Club Campestre Las Lagunas: These urbanizations are inhabited by people of the upper and upper middle class, even so the population density is very low. They start in Molicentro, crossed by Avenida La Molina and Avenida Elías Aparicio. They make up 20% of the district. Within the Club Campestre Las Lagunas urbanization there are 2 artificial lagoons called Laguna Chica and Laguna Grande. It is not possible to visit the Laguna Chica because it is surrounded by houses and by the Newton School, but to the Laguna Grande it is, which has an island where the Las Lagunas Club is located. In La Planicie, Rinconada del Lago, among others, they are places with restricted access only for residents of that area, so to be able to enter it is necessary to have an invitation from a neighbor there.

Musa: It is located in the east of the district and borders the Pachacámac district (Block 48 From Av. La Molina / "Paradero Los Sauces" and Arenera La Molina). It is a "popular" urbanization of middle and lower middle class, it was formed by the association of workers from the La Molina National Agrarian University, SIPA, the Municipality of La Molina and La Arenera. It is located in Block 46 and 47 of Avenida La Molina or Carretera a Cieneguilla km 10.5, ending the district next to the "Municipal Deposit". This urbanization is also accompanied by areas such as "Las Flores de La Molina", "Arbolitos" and "Espalda del Minicomplejo". There is also the former CNMx School. 1220 "San José Marello", the "César Vidaurre Reina Farje Municipal Sports Complex", the Musa Cooperative Market, the Depincri La Molina - Cieneguilla and the "Municipal Stadium of La Molina". Musa and its surroundings are estimated to make up about 5% of the district.

Other areas in the district are AAs. H H. Viña Alta, Los Pinos, Cooperativa Constructores, Hijos de Constructores and Cerro Alto located in the southeastern part of the district, there is also the AA. H H. Matazango located in the northwestern part of the district. As in Santiago de Surco and San Borja, a large part of the dwellings in these Human Settlements are painted brick houses but preserving the "popular" style, others with a lack of plasterwork and others may have gardens, gates and even their own garages. It is estimated that La Molina has a total of 12 Human Settlements and that half of this population cannot be considered as vulnerable since a large part of them belong to the lower and lower middle class (do not confuse lower class with poverty).

La Molina is a district with a profusion of large constructions for the same reason that, several important exclusive Peruvian social clubs have a headquarters in this district, among them:

La Rinconada Country Club La Planicie Country Club It is the district of Lima with the highest density of green areas, reaching up to 20 m² (square meters) for each inhabitant. In the south of La Molina, on the slopes of the San Pedro, Media Luna and San Francisco hills is the La Molina Ecological Park, which houses 208.6 ha (hectares), and was established on May 12, 2004. Already It has been arborizing with certain species of trees and plants for which sowing campaigns are carried out from time to time. This will be the largest ecological park in Lima. It has more than 13,000 plants between trees and shrubs.

It also houses important private cemeteries, such as La Planicie Cemetery and Jardines de la Paz Cemetery Park.


Urban distribution[edit]

La Molina district is divided into middle, middle-high and upper class suburbs.

Upper class suburbs[edit]

La Molina is best known for the large and luxurious houses that give shape to expensive properties located in suburbs like La Planicie, Rinconada, El Sol de La Molina, Las Lagunas, Camacho, Residential Monterrico, La Molina Vieja, Alameda de la Molina Vieja, Los Sirius, Corregidor, El Remanso and Huertos de La Molina. Numerous Peruvian celebrities, leading business people and political figures live in these suburbs. Due to their relative safety, calm and low population density, these suburbs are highly valued real estate. Furthermore, some of the most exclusive Peruvian social clubs are located in the area: Rinconada Country Club [es], La Planicie Country Club [es] and Hebraica Club [es].

Middle and upper middle class suburbs[edit]

Santa Felicia, Santa Raquel, Covima, Santa Patricia, La Ensenada, La Capilla, Las Acacias, Los Ingenieros, Pablo Bonner, Pablo Cánepa, La Fontana and Farwest compose the middle and middle-high class area in the district. They compose the largest part of the district. Some suburbs (Santa Patricia, Santa Felicia, Santa Raquel and Covima) used to belong to the neighbouring district of Ate, but they were won over by La Molina. The process was led by the desire of the residents.

Musa is a curious case, because it is a middle class urbanization with a medium population density but it has many sectors of the lower middle class because the construction of its houses was carried out by the relatives of the neighbors since its foundation in the late 1960s However, modern houses with up to three floors are now available, obviously after they have managed to improve the aesthetics of their properties over time. Currently the houses and apartments are more expensive than before, and today, their neighbors are descendants of the founding workers of the urbanization and it has improved a lot, over the years it has thus become a very safe place to live.

Urban development[edit]

La Molina faces an accessibility problem because the Javier Prado [es] and Raúl Ferrero avenues serve as the only roads that connect this district with the rest of the city of Lima, and thus become overloaded during peak hours. Modern enterprise buildings, shopping malls and private universities are found in La Molina. An intense urbanizing process has turned La Molina into an example of development and progress for the country.

On Av. Raul Ferrero is located the principal mall of the district, called "Molina Plaza", one of the most important commercial centres of Lima. It was inaugurated in 2005 and belongs to the Brescia Group [es]. This mall helped the commercial evolution of this important avenue where nowadays are found premium restaurants, bars and boutiques.

In education, many of the upper class private schools in Lima are located in La Molina, including Newton College, Colegio Waldorf-Lima, Frankin D. Roosevelt School, Peruvian North American Abraham Lincoln School, Colegio Villa María [es], Colegio La Recoleta [es], Colegio Alpamayo, Colegio Antonio Raimondi, Reina de los Ángeles School, Villa Caritas, San Pedro School, Peruvian-German School Reina del Mundo, Colegio Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, Lord Byron School, Colegio Altair, La Molina Christian Schools, etc. Several universities are located in La Molina as well, including Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina, Universidad San Ignacio de Loyola, Universidad Femenina del Sagrado Corazón (UNIFE) and Universidad de San Martín de Porres.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

https://larepublica.pe/politica/1333369-molina-alvaro-paz-barra-virtual-alcalde-boca-urna-ipsos-elecciones-municipales-2018 Catholic Churches - Mass Services