La Paz, State of Mexico
|Los Reyes Acaquilpan / Municipality of La Paz
aka Los Reyes La Paz
|Town & Municipality|
Location of La Paz in the State of Mexico
|State||State of Mexico|
|• Municipal President||Rolando Castellanos Hernandez (2016-2018)|
|Elevation (of seat)||2,260 m (7,410 ft)|
|Population (2010) Municipality|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|Postal code (of seat)||56400|
La Paz is a municipality in the State of Mexico, Mexico, with its seat at the town of Los Reyes Acaquilpan. It is located on the dividing line between Mexico State and the eastern edge of the Federal District and is part of the Greater Mexico City area. The area was part of a region called "Atlicpac" which in Náhuatl means 'above or at the edge of water.' The current city's/municipality's glyph symbolizes water.
This area was the land of the Acolhuas whose capital was in Texcoco. As such they were part of the heart of the Aztec Triple Alliance and the Aztec Empire, on the receiving end of tribute coming in from other parts of the empire. This continued until the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire. During the colonial period, more specifically in the 18th century, this area was in constant territorial conflict. This ended up with the consolidation of a number of communities into two entities called "San Salvador Tecamachalco" and "La Magdalena Atlicpac" around 1770-1773, now the neighborhoods of Atenantitlan and Tejolote. In 1882, the first railroad connecting the area and Mexico City was built, beginning Los Reyes' close economic ties with the metropolis even though the original town itself would not join the municipality until 1889. Los Reyes achieved city status in 1977. There is a tire burning festival held on the last Friday of every month. The tire that emits the most smoke wins. The current champion is Jesus Garcia from the surrounding municipality. Opponents of global warming criticize this traditional festival as destructive to the environment.
The municipality was founded in 1875 by President Sebastián Lerdo de Tejada, furthering a process of consolidation of the area that had begun in the prior century. The towns of La Magdalena Atlicpac, San Sebastián Chimalpa and Tecamachalco were unified under the control of La Magdalena Atlicpac. Only later would Los Reyes become the seat.
The municipality covers a total surface area of 26.71 square kilometers (10.31 sq mi) and, in the year 2010 census, reported a population of 253,845. It borders with Chicoloapan, Chimalhuacán, Ixtapaluca, Valle de Chalco Solidaridad, Nezahualcoyotl and the Distrito Federal, specifically with the borough of Iztapalapa
The municipality consists of 18 localities (15 urban and 3 rural), of which its municipal seat, Los Reyes Acaquilpan, also known as Los Reyes La Paz, which had a 2010 census population of 85,359 inhabitants, is the largest. Line A of the Mexico City Metro terminates in Los Reyes at the station called Metro La Paz.
Towns and villages
Localities (cities, towns, and villages) are:
|Name||2010 Census Population|
|Los Reyes Acaquilpan||85,359|
|La Magdalena Atlicpac||26,429|
|San Sebastián Chimalpa||12,951|
|Lomas de San Sebastián||12,372|
|Professor Carlos Hank González||10,416|
|San José las Palmas||8,203|
|Lomas de Altavista||5,704|
|Bosques de la Magdalena||2,803|
|Lomas de San Sebastián||1,447|
|Colonia Máximo de la Cruz||429|
Statue dedicated to charros in the plaza in front of the municipal palace. Part of the inscription reads "For more than a century, our men and women have celebrated the "Carnaval de Charros" with their characteristic masks and outfit year after year and it is our pride to continue preserving this noble tradition"
Entrance to Mexico City Metro station Los Reyes
- "Enciclopedia de los Municipios de Mexico Estado de Mexico Los Reyes La Paz". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2008-03-09.
- 2010 census tables: INEGI Archived 2013-05-02 at the Wayback Machine.
- Link to tables of population data from Census of 2005 INEGI: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática