Location of La Piedad in Michoacán
|• Mayor||Jose Padilla Alfaro|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
La Piedad de Cabadas is a city and its surrounding municipality (La Piedad municipality) located at Coordinates: in the north-west of the Mexican state of Michoacán, bordering Jalisco and Guanajuato. The original colonial name was San Sebastián. It is bordered by the town of Santa Ana Pacueco, Guanajuato. Both towns straddle the Lerma River. La Piedad's population was 99,837 inhabitants in the 2010 census (250,000 including its metropolitan area). The municipality has an area of 284.11 km² (109.7 sq mi). It is bordered by the states of Jalisco and Guanajuato.
La Piedad, "north door" of the state of Michoacán, surrounding the Lerma river, has limits at the north with the municipalities of Degollado, Jalisco and Pénjamo, Guanajuato; at the east with the municipality of Numarán, Michoacán; at the south with the municipalities of Zináparo, Churintzio, and Ecuandureo, Michoacán; and at the west with the municipality of Yurécuaro.
The municipality is connected through roads and highways with cities in the Mexican states of Jalisco, Guanajuato, and of course, the rest of Michoacán.
Distances and average driving times:
- 89 km from Irapuato, Guanajuato. (1 h)
- 120 km from León, Guanajuato. (1 h 15 min)
- 166 km from Morelia, Michoacán. (1 h 40 min)
- 55 km from Zamora, Michoacán. (40 min)
- 177.5 km from Guadalajara, Jalisco. (1 h 50 min)
- 201.0 km from Querétaro. (2 h 00 min)
In the 12th century Aztecas moved away from Aztlan looking for a new land to settle. In this travel they founded several towns. Zula (meaning quails territory) was one of this towns established on the shore of the Lerma river.
On 1380, Tariácuri purepecha's king, conquered the town of Zula and named it Aramutaro, which means place with caves.
Almost two centuries later, Antonio de Villarroel serving Nuño de Guzmán took control of the town on the San Sebastian's day of 1530 (January 20), so renaming the town as "San Sebastián de Aramutarillo".
From 1530 to 1687, San Sebastian was in total oblivion, victim of slavery and ignorance; nevertheless there were two historic facts, which changed course for the town, one political affair and another religious matter.
The religious matter refers to a finding of a branch from a tree resembling a Christ on the cross. This happened the midnight of Christmas Eve on a place called Buena Huerta. The towns in its surrounding asked for the Christ image to be taken to theirs churches. San Sebastián de Aramutarillo was selected to keep the Christ image. After that, the Christ image was called "Señor de La Piedad" (Lord of Mercy).
The political affair was the movement of political offices from Tlazazalca to San Sebastian de Aramutarillo. This causes that many people came to offer merchandise, crafts, etc. In this way the town was officially founded in 1692, when Juan López de Aguirre named it as La Piedad.
Places of interest include the town center with its beautiful kiosco (bandstand) built with quarried stone, the gateways, and the Señor de La Piedad church, which boasts perhaps the biggest dome in the country. Also of note are the Cabadas Bridge and the 30-metre-high El Salto waterfall. The local zoo and "La torre de la gaviota" located at the Sun City neighborhood, are also places of interest in La Piedad.
There are also urban parks such as Morelos Park and La Placa park. The city is famous because of its colorful Rebozos, and the singer José Alfredo Jiménez made it more famous with the song "El Perro Negro" ("The Black Dog").
There are hotels from 3 to 5 stars in the city.
La Piedad is a hub for agricultural products. The town was once known as the center of the Mexican pork industry, and still plays an important part in that industry. However, La Piedad has recently moved its economy towards textiles. Major textil manufacturers include Olmeca, Marval and Manriquez. Surrounding towns are Santa Ana, Yurecuaro, Degollado, Numaran, and Ecuandureo. La Piedad is also the headquarters for veterinary pharmaceuticals company LaPisa and industrial turbine manufacturer Turbomaquinas and Famaq. Also there is an important candy factory named Cabadas and sausage factories like Nu-tres, Delta and Bafar (former Parma). Most companies are family owned and operated. These are Saldaña and García, the latter owns Turbomaquinas S.A. de C.V., FAMAQ, Turboaleaciones S.A. de C.V. and the former owns Grupo Kasto.
Currently the municipality has pre-school institutions, elementary, middle and high school, and the following 6 colleges:
- Colegio de Michoacán
- Instituto Tecnológico de La Piedad
- Universidad de León campus La Piedad
- Centro de estudios universitarios Veracruz (Univer) campus La Piedad
- Universidad del Valle de Atemajac campus La Piedad
- Instituto Michoacano de Ciencias de la Educación (IMCED)
Additionally there is a House of Culture, the cultural center piedadense and the Higher School of Music.
- TV channels - There are 2 local channels, Videa TV and TV La Piedad (there is also a cable service)
- Radio stations in FM and AM
- Newspapers - there are local and state newspapers.
- 1940–1941 PRI Ezequiel Martínez Aguilar
- 1942 PRI Dr. Rafael Aceves Alvarado
- 1943 PRI Roberto Chavolla Bernúdez
- 1944 PRI Miguel Camarena Pérez
- 1944–1945 PRI Antonio Licea Luna
- 1946 PRI Manuel Rodríguez Guillen
- 1946 PRI Angel Pichardo
- 1947 PRI José Arroyo Domínguez
- 1948 PRI J. Reyes Rojas
- 1949–1950 PRI José Villegas Hernández
- 1951 PRI Luis Trillo Meza
- 1952 PRI Carlos Avila Escoto
- 1953 PRI Luis Trillo Meza
- 1954 PRI Carlos López Gallegos
- 1955 PRI Ing. José García Castillo
- 1956 PRI Agustín Belmonte Belmonte
- 1957–1958 PRI Lic. Pedro Elorza Aguilar
- 1959 PRI Ricardo Guerrero Celedón
- 1960–1961 PRI Benjamín Torres Rojas
- 1962 PRI José Villegas Hernández
- 1963–1964 PRI Dr. Javier García Castillo
- 1965 PRI Agustín Belmonte Munguía
- 1966–1968 PRI José Luis Fernández Alba
- 1969–1971 PRI Lic. Rodolfo Ramírez Trillo
- 1972–1974 PRI Dr. Marco Antonio Aviña
- 1975–1976 PRI Arq. Pablo Aguilera Navarro
- 1977 PRI C.P. Julián Morales
- 1978–1980 PRI Lic. José Vicente Aguilar Rizo
- 1981–1983 PRI Guillermo Alvarado Magdaleno
- 1984–1986 PRI Guillermo Rizo Hernández
- 1986 PRI Profr. Rogelio Baltierra Flores
- 1987–1989 PRI José Luis Fernández Alba
- 1990–1991 PRI Eduardo Villaseñor Peña
- 1991–1992 PRI C.P. Alipio Bribiesca Tafolla
- 1993–1995 PRI Ing. José Adolfo Mena Rojas
- 1996–1998 PAN Ing. Raúl García Castillo
- 1999–2001 PRI Ramón Maya Morales
- 2002–2004 PRI Lic. Jaime Mares Camarena
- 2005–2007 PAN Arturo Torres Santos
- 2008–2011 PAN Ricardo Guzman Romero
- 2011–2012 PAN Edber Jafet López Ávila
- 2012–Actually PAN Hugo Anaya Ávila
Many famous athletes and celebrities were born or lived in La Piedad, among these Ramon Morales, retired midfielder for C.D. Guadalajara football team as well as his brother Carlos Morales, midfielder for Santos. The frontman for Regional Mexican group "Los Razos de Sacramento y Reynaldo" Sacramento Ramirez is also from La Piedad. Jimmy Gazcon Musician and Singer living in North of California (born in the barrio of "perros bravos") Started with Grupo Los Juniors 1977- and one year later was a keyboardist of Grupo Zula funded with Ramon Hernandez Plodo (aka) "el pato". Jimmy also was keyboardist of Grupo Parlamento on 1982.
Arts / Shows
- Salvador Meza Mendez-Painter, famous for his oil and pencil paintings about city's historical monuments
- Francisco Núñez Montes - músico
- Jimmy Gazcon (musician / singer /showman
- Marco Islas - Cantante de musica vernacula
- Ignacio Ortiz - Painter
- Vicente de P. Cano - Poet
- Josefina Baez- Poet
- José Gómez Rogil - Poet
- Carlos Alvarado Lang - Engraver
- Juan Rodríguez Vega - Musician
- Manuel Ayala Tejeda - Poet, writer, City's historian. (1913–1997)
- Heriberto Guízar Castro - Radio founder in La Piedad. (1918–2000)
- José García del Río - General's cousin Lázaro Cárdenas del Río drilled wells and provided the city with water.
- Lic. Rafael Reyes - Lawyer, he was always worried about education.
- Luis G. Ayala - Playwright, theater director, and teacher.
- Malena Padilla Alfaro - Children theater director, pastorelas, and traditional Christ Nativity wax representation artist, inherited from her mother's creations Mrs. Lupita Alfaro de Padilla.
- Rafael Padilla Alfaro - Teacher, decorator, and The Sagrada Imágen de Nuestro Señor de la Piedad fervous servant.
- Jose Garcia del Río.- Economist, Industrialist, Capitalist, and Municipal President - Cousin to national president, Lazaro Cardenas
- Mariano Silva y Aceves.- Pedagogue, UNAM's first Dean
- Jesús Romero Flores - Part of the group of people that formed the Mexican Constitution.
- Eduardo Villaseñor Peña - Michoacán's Governor (1992).
- María Guadalupe Sánchez Martínez - Federal Delegate, Secretary of Government, Michoacán State.
- Pedro Aceves Parra - Revolutionary
- Octavio Solis Ramirez - Politician - Mexico City
- Arnulfo Ávila Ávila - Politician
- Humberto Romero Pérez - Politician
- Guillermo Rizo Hernández - Politician and administrator
- Yovani Gallardo - Baseball player - Milwaukee Brewers
- Patricia Mariscal - Won medals in Tae kwon do world championships
- Hector Pulido - Soccer player, he was part of the national team and coach of Cruz Azul Club (finalist in season 1986–1987)
- Gustavo Vargas - Soccer player
- Ramón Morales - Soccer player, he has been part of the national team and played in the World Cup 2002 in Korea-Japan
- Carlos Morales - Soccer player, he has been part of the national team
- Fernando Lopez - Soccer player
- Jorge Flores - Basketball Player - 1976 Summer Olympics for National Team
In the city there are basketball and soccer (male and female) leagues, there are wrestling exhibitions, and the city has been the finish of the Ruta Mexico (cycling). There are two public sport centers, clubs with tennis courts, a Lienzo charro, and the Juan N. Lopez stadium.
Outside the city are the Alianza, Mercantil and Azteca clubs, where there are football fields and swimming pools.
La Piedad is located close to the border of three states, Michoacán, Guanajuato and Jalisco. There are three highways entering this city: Mexico highways 110, 39, and 90.
Highway 110 goes west and takes you to towns like Yurécuaro, Tanhuato, Vista Hermosa, Briseñas y La Barca, and the free-toll route to Guadalajara. Highway 39 runs south of La Piedad to Zamora, this highway goes to the toll highway 15, which goes north-south, from Nogales to Mexico City. Highway 90 runs north of La Piedad to the state of Guanajuato.
- Woodland, California, USA
- "Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática (INEGI)". December 14, 2006.
- "Online Directory: California, USA". Sister Cities International. Archived from the original on 2008-01-16.
- Link to tables of population data from Census of 2005 INEGI: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática
- Michoacán Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México