La Raza Nation
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|Founding location||Chicago, Illinois, United States|
|Territory||US: Illinois, Ohio, Wisconsin, Texas and southern US.
|Membership||11,000 active in the US|
|Rivals||Latin Kings, People Nation|
La Raza is a street gang founded in Chicago in 1973. Their colors are green, white, and red (same as the Mexican flag). Their symbols include the Mexican flag, cross, and a six-point star.
Relations with other gangs
Activities inside and outside the Chicago area
La Raza's activities have not been limited to the Chicago area they originated in. La Raza has been active in New York City. A 1996 police report noted La Raza as the rival of the Gran Familia Mexicana, a federation of Mexican gangs in the NYC area.
Between 2001 and 2003, La Raza was involved in a gang war with Vatos Locos. In the end, 12 Vatos Locos members were charged in the conspiracy to kill 4 rival gang leaders, including one leader who was sentenced to 151 years for his part in the plan.
In April 2005, 19 suspected members of La Raza were arrested in the Naples Florida area by federal and local law enforcement. Officials estimated the groups membership at around 100 and noted they'd been in the area since at least 1996.
In July 2005, La Raza was listed by Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) as one of the 54 violent street gangs targeted by ICE in a two-week nationwide enforcement action called Operation Community Shield.
A 2005 report produced by the US Department of Justice noted the presence of La Raza in the western United States, but not a high level of activity. A total of approximately 17 percent of the law enforcement agencies surveyed nationwide reported a presence of La Raza in their jurisdiction. Just over 6 percent of those agencies reported La Raza activity as moderate to high levels.
In 2008, La Raza was documented in Waukesha, Wisconsin.