La Revolución de Emiliano Zapata

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La Revolución de Emiliano Zapata
Origin Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
Genres Psychedelic rock
Years active 1969 - present
Labels Polydor Records
Discos Melody
Discos Imposibles
Members Javier Martín del Campo (Vocals, Guitar, flute, piano, composer)
Servando Ayala (Keyboards)
César Maliandi(Bass guitar)
Daniel Kitroser (Drums)
Past members Oscar Rojas Gutiérrez (Vocals)
Carlos Valle Ramos (Guitar)
Francisco Martínez Ornelas (Bass)
Antonio Cruz Carbajal (Drums)
Marco Carrasco
Jorge Gámiz
Guillermo Goñi (Drums)
Adrián Cuevas (Bass)
Pati McLean (Backing Vocals)
Marylú Bano (Backing Vocals)

La Revolución de Emiliano Zapata is a Mexican rock band that broke sales records in Europe and Mexico with their hit song 'Nasty Sex' at the height of the counterculture era of the early 1970s.[1] Breaking ties with their original concept as the hippie era waned worldwide by the mid-1970s, they continued actively interpreting romantic ballads with considerable success. In 2009, they returned as a rock act.[2]

Dizzying start[edit]

In the era of psychedelic rock and under the influence of American hippies of the late 1960s, a Mexican multidisciplinary counterculture movement called La Onda was born.[3] In Guadalajara a band, headed by Javier Martin del Campo, was formed with the intention of interpreting contemporary popular songs of the era in their own style. Initially, their hobby led them to play at local parties, but the resulting fame soon spread beyond their city.[4] They adopted their name since Emiliano Zapata's slogan of "Tierra y Libertad" (Land and Liberty) as a protest to the establishment by using national symbols.[5] The group won the most call-in votes during a contest organized by a local radio station called "Radio ondas de la alegria" "Waves of Happiness Radio", and earned themselves an audition with an important record label.[6]

Breakthrough[edit]

Although initially reluctant, they signed a contract with Polydor Records, launching their brief but successful foray into the world of rock music. With an original musical concept and creative sense, the group moved to Mexico City,[7] continuing to adapt their urban rhythms and establish a base for their new musical launches. In 1970, they released their first record, containing songs "Nasty Sex", "Shit City" and "Still don't (Not yet)", which quickly shot up the popular charts both locally and worldwide.[8] The head office of Polydor Records sent the group five medals as recognition for their high level of sales in the Americas, United Kingdom, and Europe of their one big hit, "Nasty Sex."

Although its title, the Nasty Sex song calls for women not to have casual sex with irresponsible men but rather with men they love, something La Onda's icon Parménides Garcia criticized severely in his articles, referring to them as "snobbish" ("fresas").[9]

Avandaro, cinema and more[edit]

They were invited to perform in the Avandaro festival in 1971, but declined the invitation due to an already very busy schedule.[10] In that year, they took part in the Jaime Humberto Hermosillo's debut film "La verdadera vocación de Magdalena" ("The True Calling of Magdalena"),[11] starring singer and actress Angélica María, which more or less seriously addresses the topics that concerned young people of the era. In the movie, a (fictional) appearance of the band with Angelica Maria (in their alter egos) at the Avandaro festival can be seen. The movie editors combined in-studio shots with the actors and real ones of Avandaro, shot by Telesistema Mexicano.[12] After this successful film came its soundtrack, "HOY-Nada del hombre me es ajeno" considered the band's second album.

The members of the band at its height were: Oscar Rojas (vocals), Marylu Bano (backing vocals), Pati McLean (backing vocals), Carlos Valle (lead & rhythm guitar), Francisco Martínez Ornelas (bass guitar), Antonio Cruz(drums and percussion) and Javier Martin del Campo (lead & rhythm guitar).[13]

Decline[edit]

With the hippie trend waning worldwide, the group's musical concepts varied between several trends and influences, so the search for new hits was fruitless, producing only the song "Pigs," among the last to achieve fame. Lack of interest of major record companies to support counterculture rock and as result of the phenomenon called Avandarazo (the repression of La Onda movement by the Mexican Government) successful Mexican rock bands were suddenly banned.[14][15] Adding to this was the emotional turmoil that the band members began to experience, unleashing a series of fights and disagreements that eventually led to changes in the lineup. Lead singer Oscar Rojas grew weary of both Mexico city and the group environment, leaving the band permanently in late 1972 together with Bano and McLean. In 1973, the band released the E.P. Congore tumbero a la mar with moderate success. This marked the end of their relationship with Polydor and the end of an era for the band.

180° turnaround[edit]

Facing a somewhat hostile political and social reaction, the group's fortunes experienced a downturn. Changing musical trends ended by subduing psychedelic rock, and while some groups managed to survive on the fringes of mainstream media (the band Three Souls in my Mind for example, becoming popular in suburban areas and with the working classes only), the band members decided to radically change their musical style, becoming singers of romantic ballads, thus ending their time as a rock band.[16] This change, according to former drummer Antonio Cruz, was carefully considered, and it was this decision that allowed the group to continue existing in the current musical climate.

Final successes[edit]

Now part of a new record label (Discos Melody) with a new lineup of members that included: Jorge Gamiz (vocals), Servando Ayala Bobadilla (keyboard), Adrian Cuevas (bass), Antonio Cruz (drums) and Javier Martin del Campo (guitar), the group achieved a revival in their fortunes with two romantic songs that placed them once again on the Mexican pop charts. "Cómo te extraño" "How I Miss You" (1975) and "Mi forma de sentir" "The Way I Feel" (1978) allowing the group to find favour once again in the pop charts. By the mid-90's, "Mi forma de sentir" was recorded by Pedro Fernández, which would become a major world hit in his career and simultaneously a fresh boost to Martin del Campo's career as a songwriter worldwide.[17]

In 2009, the band split and La Revolucion de Emiliano Zapata resumed to be a romantic-ballad act[18] while La Revo became the rock act, releasing a new record simply called La Revo and a video of the new hit song Mi arbol oficial, under the independent record company Discos Imposibles.

Former frontman, Oscar Rojas, formed his own band initially naming it La Revolucion de Emiliano Zapata[19] but after a brief and amicable dispute, he named his band Retro-Revolucion.[20]

In 2012, Jalisco's Council for the Arts funded a documentary called Sing a song of love, directed by Ricardo Sotelo and José Leos.[21]

Discography[edit]

Filmography[edit]

  • La verdadera vocacion de Magdalena. Produced by Cinematografica Marco Polo S.A. Directed by Jaime Humberto Hermosillo. México 1972.[22]
  • BACK, un recorrido por el rock tapatio de los 70's. Produced by Universidad de Guadalajara-Alcira Valdivia. Directed by José Gutiérrez. México 2006.
  • LA REVO: Sing a song of Love. Produced by Jalisco's CECA (Consejo Estatal para la Cultura y las Artes). Directed by Ricardo Sotelo and José Leos. México 2012.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Flores, Jaime (10 February 2014). "Un rockcito para todos los roles / Las revistas de la Onda". La Jornada. Retrieved 1 October 2014. 
  2. ^ "Revolución de Emiliano Zapata mantiene su tesón". Informador. 24 May 2014. Retrieved 1 October 2014. 
  3. ^ Zolov, Eric (1999). Refried Elvis: The Rise of the Mexican Counterculture (1st ed.). University of California Press. ISBN 9780520215146. Retrieved 1 October 2014. 
  4. ^ Addams, Luis. "La experiencia del rock". MILENIO. OCIO. Retrieved 1 October 2014. 
  5. ^ Fortes, Mayra (16 August 2014). "De fronteras, gringos y chicanos.". El Universal. Retrieved 1 October 2014. 
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ Ponce, Roberto (27 September 2013). "Presentan el libro "Rock en salsa verde", de Jorge H. Velasco". Proceso. Retrieved 1 October 2014. 
  8. ^ Pacini, Deborah (2004). Rockin' Las Americas (1st ed.). University of Pittsburgh Press. ISBN 0822958414. Retrieved 30 September 2014. 
  9. ^ Garcia, Parménides (30 October 1971). "Avandaro, amor y pason.". Piedra Rodante 6. 
  10. ^ Pepe Navar, Nayeli Durand (10 September 2011). "Lo que siempre quiso saber de Avandaro". El Universal. Retrieved 30 September 2014. 
  11. ^ Fragua, Alfonso (3 April 2009). "Todavía no se determina cuánto tiempo permanecerá hospitalizado José Agustín". La Jornada. Retrieved 2 October 2014. 
  12. ^ "Hace 43 años la cima y represión del Rock Mexicano: Avándaro". Sopitas. Retrieved 30 September 2014. 
  13. ^ [2]
  14. ^ Fuentes Aguirre Caton, Armando (12 September 2011). "Lo que hizo el rock" (PDF). Frontera. Retrieved 25 June 2014. 
  15. ^ "Catón remembers 40th anniversary of Mexico's Woodstock, Avándaro". Mexico Perspective. Retrieved 25 June 2014. 
  16. ^ Rock, Chava (28 June 2014). "La Revolución de Emiliano Zapata regresó al DF". La Jornada. Retrieved 1 October 2014. 
  17. ^ Cruz Barcenas, Arturo (5 July 2014). "Para hacer Nasty sex ni me puse pacheco; es una rola fresita". La Jornada. Retrieved 30 September 2014. 
  18. ^ "Entrevista a La Revolucion de Emiliano Zapata". Youtube. Retrieved 30 September 2014. 
  19. ^ "La Revolución de Emiliano Zapata vive de nuevo". Informador. 2008. Retrieved 1 October 2014. 
  20. ^ "La Revolucion de Emiliano Zapata". Youtube. Retrieved 30 September 2014. 
  21. ^ "Vistazo al legado de La Revolución de Emiliano Zapata". Informador. 27 September 2014. Retrieved 1 October 2014. 
  22. ^ "La verdadera vocación de Magdalena". IMDB. Retrieved 1 October 2014. 

External links[edit]