La Rinascente

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Rinascente
Industry Retailer
Founded Milan, Italy (1865)
Headquarters Milan, Italy
Key people
Sudhitham Chirathivat (Chairman)
Vittorio Radice (Vice Chairman)
Products Clothing, food, household items, furniture
Revenue 545.9 mln di €
Number of employees
1,700
Parent Central Group (2011-present)
Website www.rinascente.it

(La) Rinascente (pronounced [la rinaʃˈʃɛnte]; Italian for "the Resurgent") is a collection of high-end stores with Italian and international brands in fashion, accessories, beauty, homeware, design and food. It operates eleven stores in Italy, including two flagship stores in Rome and one in Milan.

Origin[edit]

In 1865, brothers Luigi and Ferdinando Bocconi opened in Via Santa Radegonda, Milan the first shop in Italy that sold ready-to-wear clothing and by the following year they employed over a hundred workers to manufacture ready-to-wear suits for men. Between 1872 and 1876, they set up branches in Via del Corso in Rome as well as in Genoa, Trieste, Palermo and Turin. In 1877 they opened the department store Aux Villes d'Italie ("To the Cities of Italy") at the Hotel Comfortable. This was the first of its kind in Italy and conceived following the model of Aristide Boucicaut’s store Le Bon Marché in Paris that Émile Zola made famous in his 1883-novel Au Bonheur des Dames.[citation needed] In 1880, the store took the Italianized name Alle città d'Italia and in 1887 a new store designed by Giulio De Angelis opened in Rome in Piazza Colonna while in 1889 the new building of Piazza Duomo in Milan designed by Giovanni Giachi opened its doors.

The company owned by Senator Borletti and the upturn of the 1920s[edit]

In 1917, Senator Borletti purchased the company from the Bocconi Brothers and commissioned poet Gabriele D'Annunzio to find a new name. His suggestion was Rinascente, a name to convey the idea of ‘rebirth’ of the store. which was officially registered on 27 September 1917.[1] Borletti's objective was to turn elegance into the distinctive character of the department store by immediately committing himself to increasing the quality of the merchandise yet without excessively raising prices. The official goal was a “democratic” approach to luxury that would attract customers of both the high and middle-low income classes.

Just a few days before the grand opening, on Christmas night of 1918 fire destroyed the store in Milan in Piazza Duomo. Between 1919 and 1920 the stores in Turin, Genoa, Bologna, Florence, Rome, Naples and Palermo were revamped. Over the years, other stores opened: Padua (1923), Catania (1923), Messina (1924), Bari (1925), Piazza Loreto in Milan, Corso Vittorio Emanuele in Rome, Taranto, Syracuse and Trapani (all between 1927 and 1928).

The store in Piazza Duomo reopened on 23 March 1921 after it had been completely rebuilt, enlarged, transformed and expanded to include a variety of additional services such as a bank, a hair salon for women and men, a tearoom with an orchestra and a post office. The well-known poster created by Aldo Mazza for the reopening of the store, depicted a burnt trunk of an olive tree from with new green sprouting branches was a symbolic reference to the concept of rising from the ashes.

Majority stakeholder Senator Borletti entrusted daily operation of the company to the hands of Umberto Brustio, his son-in-law. During these years Rinascente established and strengthened its business relationship with Marcello Dudovich. The Trieste-born artist would go on to create advertising posters for the company until 1956. This collaboration with artists is a reoccurring theme in the history of Rinascente. In fact, the company has always had a particular talent for spotting the most dynamic currents in the contemporary art world and giving them a stage on which they can reach the general public.[peacock term] A testament to this was the collection Domus Nova designed by Gio Ponti together with Emilio Lancia: a collection of modern pieces of furniture produced and sold by Rinascente. This new range of products aimed to renew the concept of home living. These consisted of pieces of furniture with a simple yet elegant design that had been created for four different living spaces: the family room, the dining room, the master bedroom and a young woman’s room. All the items were then exhibited at the III Biennale of Monza.

The 1930s[edit]

In 1928, after collaborating with the German-based company Leonhard Tietz to introduce a store with fixed pricing in Italy, la Rinascente merged with UPIM to create a new company. This new enterprise had a new partner, namely the department store Jelmoli in Zurich, and consisted of 5 Rinascente and 25 UPIM stores around Italy. In 1937, the Piazza Colonna store in Rome installed the first escalator in a retail outlet in Italy. These were the years in which many Made in Italy products were launched and soon became popular all around. Prominence was given to synthetic fabrics such as rayon, cafioc (artificial hemp) and artificial wool, which all took centre stage. At this time Rinascente launched campaigns to promote products manufactured by Italian companies and created strong ties through its distribution network with consumers thus catering for the needs of the general public. After Senator Borletti’s death of in 1939, Umberto Brustio was appointed president of the company. In 1941, the National Clothing Association declared la Rinascente as leader in the retail market since its sales area in square metres was double that of Standa and Coin put together. The following year the company celebrated its 25th anniversary and counted 5 Rinascente and 52 UPIM stores.

The World War II Years[edit]

The company suffered great losses during World War II. The stores in Genoa and Cagliari were completely destroyed. On August 16[when?], the store in Piazza Duomo was practically razed to the ground; only one Rinascente store in Rome and 37 UPIM stores around Italy were still partially operational. The City Council of Milan allowed la Rinascente to rent three large rooms in the Palazzo della Ragione in Via Mercanti so that it could keep supplying the general public with goods.

The post war recovery and the splendour of the 1950s[edit]

After the war there was a rapid and vigorous recovery. Between 1945 and 1946 a rebuilding project included 19 UPIM stores, la Rinascente in Cagliari, the Head Office in Via Carducci, Milan as well as the warehousing facilities. On 4 December 1950, the Rinascente store in Piazza Duomo opened its doors once again in great style. The façade of the building had been designed by Ferdinando Reggiori. Carlo Pagani was responsible for designing the store windows, entrances as well as the interior design and furnishings. Modern escalators connected the different floors of the building. Max Huber created the new logo while Albe Steiner was in charge of external and internal promotional fixtures and graphics until 1955. These were years of great turmoil and during this time Rinascente sold a great many innovative products imported mainly from the US and promoted a series of cultural events, which gave the public a glimpse of what was happening around the world. Countries featuring in these dedicated events included Spain (1955), Japan (1956), Great Britain (1957), the USA (1958) India and Thailand (1959), Mexico (1960) and a special event to promote the culture of the Indios in 1964. 1955 saw the inauguration of the new ‘Circolo della Rinascente’ located in Via Durini, Milan and the setting up of a PR office; while an office for market research was created in 1957. Lora Lamm was in charge of advertising graphics while Amneris Latis was the Art Director of the advertising department.

In 1957, after 40 years, Umberto Brustio left his top management position and was nominated Honorary President. Aldo Borletti, Senator Borletti’s son, was elected President and together with Cesare and Giorgio Bustio he also acted as Managing Director. One of the leading figures within top management was Cesare Bustio, Managing Director and Vice President.

The ‘Compasso d’Oro’ award[edit]

In 1954, Rinascente established the ‘Compasso d’Oro’ award, the brainchild of Gio Ponti and Alberto Rosselli. This prize was awarded for the best industrial production and for those designers that in creating everyday objects knew how to combine aesthetics with functionality. Albe Steiner, who got the idea from one of his own work instruments, created the logo of the award while it was left to Alberto Rosselli and Marco Zanuso to design the actual compass given as prize. In 1959, Rinascente gave control of the award to the Association for Industrial Design (ADI) that had been founded in 1956.

1960s Growth[edit]

In 1960, in addition to Rinascente-UPIM stores, the company expanded its operations by creating the Sma supermarkets chain. These stores followed the model of the first Italian supermarket, which opened in Milan in Viale Regina Giovanna on 27 November 1957. This was an example of more modern and advanced distribution and retailing of foodstuffs and groceries. It was the year of the economic boom and during the Christmas period there was such a great influx of customers that the Rinascente store in Milan was at times forced to block the entrances owing to overcrowding.[citation needed]

Also in that year, Rinascente opened a new store designed by Franco Albini and Franca Helgin in Piazza Fiume, Rome. It extended over 7 floors linked by lifts, escalators and the famous spiral staircase designed by Albini. It held 50 sales departments displaying all the themes and ranges that so characterised the Milan branch. In this way, Rinascente became the most complete shopping destination in Rome.[according to whom?]

In 1963, noted French fashion designer Pierre Cardin signed a contract with la Rinascente to create a line of moderately priced garments, declaring that the latest fashion pieces should be accessible to all, democratic and in step with the times. Adriana Botti Monti became the Art Director of the Advertising department. Numerous prizes and professional awards marked her career.

1969: acquisition by FIAT Group[edit]

In 1967, after Aldo Borletti’s death, the newly appointed president of the group was Senator Borletti (the son of one of the founder’s brothers) and Cesare Brustio was the CEO. In 1969, the Borletti family sold its shareholdings to IFI and Mediobanca which held shares since 1965 when Jelmoli left the company. In 1970, the Ambassador Guido Colonna di Paliano was appointed president of the company. The group now owned 5 Rinascente stores, 150 UPIM stores and 54 Sma supermarkets. In 1972 Rinascente – Città Mercato opened in Brescia as the first hypermarket selling at bargain prices. The aim of the new company’s management was to overcome the contrast between the large retail sector and traditional retail. The retail outlet in Piazza Duomo was refurbished and the new organisation of Rinascente became more rational and in line with the times. In 1973, the company opened a new store in Turin. Umberto Brustio died on 25 April 1972 and Senator Borletti became Vice President on 23 March 1973.

In 1977, the group acquired one of the largest American retailers: JC Penney with 4 stores in the Lombardy. Rinascente pushed for a bigger market share, sustained by all the experience in its retail network as well as a modern and successful business organisation. The result was a 20.7% increase in sales in the first semester. In 1983 the group opened the first Italian Bricocenter, a DIY store, in Turin. Two years later the negotiations were successfully concluded for the purchase of Croff Nuova SpA, a company specialising in the distribution of homeware. In 1997 Fiat Estates stipulated a financial and technical agreement with Auchan, resulting in the gradual conversion of the 23 ‘Città Mercato’ and the 2 ‘Joyland’ to the Auchan brand. The group closed with an increase in turnover and developed new strategies to reach the objective of strengthening the food sector by opening 40 hypermarkets by 2002.

Sale to Associated Investors Group[edit]

Following the split of the Group in 2005, the department stores of Rinascente were taken over by a group of investors (20% Pirelli Real Estate, 46% Associated Investors, 30% Deutsche Bank Real Estate, 4% Borletti family) and La Rinascente S.p.A. was set up. Vittorio Radice was at the helm of the management team. This signaled the beginning of an important period of change: the aim being to reposition the brand upmarket thus increasing its value. This was achieved by means of restructuring and updating all stores and upgrading the type of products available The complete renovation of the store in Piazza Duomo included the addition of an extremely cosmopolitan Food Hall in 2007 and in 2009 the Design Supermarket taking up a whole floor with over 200 brands on display.

Acquisition by Central Retail Group[edit]

In May 2011 the Thailand-based Central Retail Corporation, purchased Rinascente for €290 million.[2] Sudhitham Chirathivat became president with Tos Chirathivat as director of Rinascente. During a press conference Tos Chirathivat announced that he wanted to make the brand Rinascente famous at a global level and well–known all over Asia. The following year Alberto Baldan, General Manager since 2007, was appointed CEO. Vittorio Radice took on the role of Vice President charged with the international development of the luxury stores within the group. In 2013, Central Group purchased department store ILLUM in Copenhagen and in 2015 it reached an agreement with Sigma for the acquisition of the majority shareholding of the KaDeWe Group thus acquiring the KaDeWe store in Berlin, Oberpollinger in Munich and Alsterhaus in Hamburg. On 26 May 2016 Rinascente Milan received the award as best department store in the world during the ceremony in Zurich of the Global Department Store Summit 2016.[3]

In 2017 Pierluigi Cocchini, Sales Director since 2008, appointed CEO.[edit]

LR100 stories of Innovation – an exhibition that celebrated 100 years of the brand Rinascente In 2017 la Rinascente set up an exhibition at Plazzo Reale in Milan to mark 100 years of the name invented by Gabriele D’Annunzio. Design, fashion, art and communication played the star roles in an itinerary that showed how Rinascente created ever-new archetypes of tastes and trends and encouraged the introduction of new production methods for both the fashion and design industries.

[edit]

In September 2017 Rinascente revealed its new logo, all in upper case and without the definite article ‘la’. Graphics are by North Design, the British studio specialized in visual identity and the image is fresh and contemporary as befits the Rinascente Collection of stores.

A second flagship store in Rome[edit]

In October 2017, Rinascente opened a second Rome flagship store to its base. This new store occupies a refurbished 8-storey building in Via del Tritone, Rome. The most extraordinary feature is the archaeological site that can be visited on floor -1. The site brings to light the remains of the Aqua Virgo aqueduct dating back to 19 BC. The store also incorporates a small building dating back to the 1900s called the ‘Palazzetto’. The Food Hall, found on the top floor, gives visitors the chance to admire fantastic 360-degree views over the rooftops of the capital. Originally scheduled to open in 2012, but was delayed several times.[4] The store was in development and construction for 11 years and cost a total of €200 million.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "La Rinascente". Vogue. 
  2. ^ "La Rinascente to go global, Thai Central Retail says". Reuters. 30 May 2011. Retrieved 21 November 2017. 
  3. ^ "La Rinascente of Milano wins the award for "The Best Department Store in the World"". creattiva.com. 
  4. ^ Ciancio, Antonella (8 September 2010). "Rinascente store sees 2010 sales up at least 5 pct". Reuters. Retrieved 24 November 2017. 
  5. ^ Turra, Alessandra (11 October 2017). "Rinascente Opens New Department Store in Rome". Women's Wear Daily. Retrieved 24 November 2017. (Subscription required (help)).