La Rioja, Argentina

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La Rioja
City
05. La Rioja (2).JPG
La Rioja is located in Argentina
La Rioja
La Rioja
Location of La Rioja in Argentina
Coordinates: 29°24′45″S 66°51′15″W / 29.41250°S 66.85417°W / -29.41250; -66.85417Coordinates: 29°24′45″S 66°51′15″W / 29.41250°S 66.85417°W / -29.41250; -66.85417
Country Argentina
Province La Rioja
Department Capital
Founded 1591
Elevation 515 m (1,690 ft)
Population (2010 census [INDEC])
 • Total 180,995
Time zone ART (UTC−3)
CPA base F5300
Dialing code +54 3822
Website Official website

La Rioja is the capital city of the Argentine province of La Rioja, located in the east of the province. The city has a population of almost 150,000 according to the 2001 census [INDEC].

La Rioja is located on the foot of the Velasco Sierras, 1,167 km (725 mi) from Buenos Aires, and 430 km (267 mi) from Córdoba.

History[edit]

Monument to José de San Martín, in the Plaza 25 de Mayo.

It was founded in 1591 by the governor of Tucumán Province.[1]

Colonial architecture
Naindo Park Hotel

La Rioja was always the principal settlement of the province. The only time it was surpassed in population was in the mid-19th century when Chilecito, a small settlement near the Chilean border based around the Hacienda Santa Rita, became the largest town in the province. It wasn't until the early 20th century that La Rioja regained the status of being the largest city.[citation needed]

Climate[edit]

La Rioja has a semi-arid climate (BSh, according to the Köppen climate classification), with average temperatures of 5 °C (41 °F) to 19 °C (66 °F) winter and 21 °C (70 °F) to 35 °C (95 °F) in summer, but with maximum temperatures of more than 45 °C (113 °F). The average annual rainfall is 411.4 mm (16 in), falling almost exclusively during the summer when moist tropical air from the northeast enters the region. The highest recorded temperature was 46.4 °C (115.5 °F) on December 28, 1971 while the lowest recorded temperature was −6.9 °C (19.6 °F) on July 14, 2000.[2]

Climate data for La Rioja, Argentina (Capitán Vicente Almandos Almonacid Airport) 1961–1990, extremes 1970–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 45.1
(113.2)
43.6
(110.5)
42.0
(107.6)
38.6
(101.5)
37.3
(99.1)
29.9
(85.8)
37.3
(99.1)
41.4
(106.5)
42.6
(108.7)
45.2
(113.4)
44.6
(112.3)
46.4
(115.5)
46.4
(115.5)
Average high °C (°F) 35.0
(95)
33.3
(91.9)
30.4
(86.7)
27.2
(81)
23.4
(74.1)
19.4
(66.9)
19.7
(67.5)
23.0
(73.4)
26.1
(79)
30.6
(87.1)
33.3
(91.9)
35.0
(95)
28.0
(82.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 27.4
(81.3)
25.9
(78.6)
23.4
(74.1)
19.8
(67.6)
15.5
(59.9)
11.1
(52)
10.9
(51.6)
14.0
(57.2)
17.8
(64)
22.5
(72.5)
25.4
(77.7)
27.2
(81)
20.1
(68.2)
Average low °C (°F) 20.7
(69.3)
19.7
(67.5)
17.9
(64.2)
14.1
(57.4)
9.6
(49.3)
4.9
(40.8)
4.4
(39.9)
6.5
(43.7)
10.3
(50.5)
15.2
(59.4)
18.2
(64.8)
20.3
(68.5)
13.5
(56.3)
Record low °C (°F) 10.7
(51.3)
9.5
(49.1)
8.8
(47.8)
1.8
(35.2)
−3.0
(26.6)
−4.9
(23.2)
−6.9
(19.6)
−4.1
(24.6)
−2.5
(27.5)
4.0
(39.2)
6.5
(43.7)
7.7
(45.9)
−6.9
(19.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 80.1
(3.154)
71.6
(2.819)
54.1
(2.13)
18.4
(0.724)
7.4
(0.291)
2.6
(0.102)
3.1
(0.122)
5.2
(0.205)
6.5
(0.256)
12.7
(0.5)
43.3
(1.705)
56.6
(2.228)
361.6
(14.236)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 9 8 6 4 2 1 1 1 2 2 5 7 48
Average relative humidity (%) 60 65 69 69 69 68 64 53 49 48 51 55 60
Mean monthly sunshine hours 266.6 237.3 217.0 204.0 204.6 189.0 210.8 251.1 228.0 257.3 267.0 269.7 2,802.4
Percent possible sunshine 62 64 57 60 62 60 65 73 64 65 66 62 63
Source #1: NOAA,[3] Oficina de Riesgo Agropecuario (record highs and lows)[2]
Source #2: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional, (precipitation days)[4] UNLP (sun only)[5]

Sights[edit]

The Museo Folklórico is set in a 17th-century building, and its displays include local chaya music and the Tinkunaco festival.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "La Rioja". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved 5 December 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "La Rioja, La Rioja". Estadísticas meteorológicas decadiales (in Spanish). Oficina de Riesgo Agropecuario. Retrieved June 21, 2015. 
  3. ^ "La Rioja Aero Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved March 15, 2015. 
  4. ^ "La Rioja Aero". 19 August 2012. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 
  5. ^ "Datos bioclimáticos de 173 localidades argentinas". Atlas Bioclimáticos (in Spanish). Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Retrieved 4 July 2016. 
  6. ^ "Museo Folklórico". La Rioja, Argentina. Lonely Planet. Retrieved 13 February 2016. 

External links[edit]