La Rioja (Spanish Congress electoral district)

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La Rioja
Congress of Deputies
Electoral Constituency
SpanishCongressDistricts(LaRioja).png
Location of La Rioja within Spain
Province La Rioja
Autonomous community La Rioja
Population 317,053 (2016)
Electorate 247,670 (2016)
Major settlements Logroño
Current constituency
Created 1977
Seats 4

La RiojaLogroño until 1982—is one of the 52 constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Congress of Deputies—the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales—. The constituency elects four deputies. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3%.

Overview[edit]

The constituency was created as per the Political Reform Act 1977 and was first contested in the 1977 general election. The Act provided for the provinces of Spain to be established as multi-member districts for the Congress of Deputies,[1] with this regulation being maintained under Article 68.2 of the Spanish Constitution of 1978. Additionally, Article 141.1 of the Constitution would require for any modification of the provincial limits to be approved under an organic law, needing an absolute majority in the Cortes Generales.[2]

The Spanish electoral system is regulated under the General Electoral System Organic Law 5/1985. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, with all nationals over eighteen and in the full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote—the only exception being in 1977, when this was limited to nationals over twenty-one and in the full enjoyment of all political and civil rights—. A 2011 amendment to the electoral law required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "requested" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado). Provinces are entitled to an initial minimum of two seats, with additional seats awarded in proportion to population. The number of seats allocated to La Rioja is currently set at four. Deputies are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3% of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied. Parties not reaching the threshold are not taken into consideration for seat distribution.[2][3][4]

Registered parties and federations of parties are allowed to field candidates, as well as party alliances formed within 10 days from the Cortes' dissolution. Additionally, groups of electors—a legal figure in Spain referring to temporary associations of citizens grouped for the sole purpose of contesting a particular election—are required to obtain the signatures of at least 1% of registered voters in the district in order to be able to field candidates. Since 2011, parties, federations of parties and coalitions left out from the Congress in the previous election are also required to obtain the signatures of at least 0.1% of registered voters in the districts they intend to contest. No party, federation, coalition or group of electors may field more than one list of candidates per district for the same election, and member parties of a contesting federation or alliance are barred from fielding their own lists. From 2002—and in compliance with the Political Parties Organic Law 6/2002—fielded candidates are also forbidden from continuing or succeeding the activities of judicially illegalized, dissolved, or suspended political parties.[3]

Deputies[edit]

Deputies for La Rioja 1977–
Legislature Election Distribution
Constituent 1977
1 2 1
1st 1979
1 3
2nd 1982
2 2
3rd 1986
2 2
4th 1989
2 2
5th 1993
2 2
6th 1996
2 2
7th 2000
1 3
8th 2004
2 2
9th 2008
2 2
10th 2011
1 3
11th 2015
1 1 2
12th 2016
1 1 2

Elections[edit]

2016 general election[edit]

LaRiojaMunicipalMapCongress2016.png
Summary of the 26 June 2016 Congress of Deputies election results in La Rioja
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 73,708 42.61 +4.27 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 42,010 24.29 +0.60 1 ±0
United We Can (PodemosIUeQuo)1 28,772 16.63 –3.40 1 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 24,180 13.98 –1.15 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,225 0.71 –0.13
Total 172,982 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 172,982 98.90 +0.05
Invalid votes 1,931 1.10 –0.05
Votes cast / turnout 174,913 70.62 –1.81
Abstentions 72,757 29.38 +1.81
Registered voters 247,670
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2015 general election[edit]

LaRiojaMunicipalMapCongress2015.png
Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in La Rioja
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 67,941 38.34 –16.36 2 –1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 41,973 23.69 –7.40 1 ±0
We Can (Podemos) 28,073 15.84 New 1 +1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 26,812 15.13 New 0 ±0
United LeftPopular Unity in Common (IU–UPeC) 7,423 4.19 –0.21 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,496 0.84 –0.77
Total 177,207 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 177,207 98.85 +0.43
Invalid votes 2,062 1.15 –0.43
Votes cast / turnout 179,269 72.43 –0.35
Abstentions 68,238 27.57 +0.35
Registered voters 247,507
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2011 general election[edit]

LaRiojaMunicipalMapCongress2011.png
Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in La Rioja
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 95,124 54.70 +5.19 3 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 54,066 31.09 –12.54 1 –1
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 10,367 5.96 +4.68 0 ±0
United Left: Plural Left (IU) 7,995 4.60 +2.66 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,793 1.61 +0.51
Total 173,910 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 173,910 98.42 –0.88
Invalid votes 2,797 1.58 +0.88
Votes cast / turnout 176,707 72.78 –6.51
Abstentions 66,093 27.22 +6.51
Registered voters 242,800
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2008 general election[edit]

LaRiojaMunicipalMapCongress2008.png
Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in La Rioja
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 93,104 49.51 –0.43 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 82,032 43.63 –0.34 2 ±0
United Left (IU) 3,647 1.94 –0.82 0 ±0
Riojan Party (PR) 2,837 1.51 New 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 2,405 1.28 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,068 1.10 –0.97
Total 188,033 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 188,033 99.30 +0.08
Invalid votes 1,328 0.70 –0.08
Votes cast / turnout 189,361 79.29 –0.17
Abstentions 49,447 20.71 +0.17
Registered voters 238,808
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2004 general election[edit]

LaRiojaMunicipalMapCongress2004.png
Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in La Rioja
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 92,441 49.94 –4.16 2 –1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 81,390 43.97 +9.10 2 +1
United Left (IU) 5,115 2.76 –1.26 0 ±0
Blank ballots 3,827 2.07 +0.15
Total 185,099 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 185,099 99.22 –0.02
Invalid votes 1,446 0.78 +0.02
Votes cast / turnout 186,545 79.46 +5.25
Abstentions 48,231 20.54 –5.25
Registered voters 234,776
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2000 general election[edit]

Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in La Rioja
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 91,810 54.10 +4.69 3 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' PartyProgressives (PSOE–p) 59,171 34.87 –1.78 1 –1
United Left (IU) 6,830 4.02 –4.69 0 ±0
Riojan Party (PR) 6,155 3.63 +0.23 0 ±0
The Greens (LV) 1,709 1.01 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 3,265 1.92 +0.45
Total 169,695 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 169,695 99.24 –0.16
Invalid votes 1,302 0.76 +0.16
Votes cast / turnout 170,997 74.21 –6.71
Abstentions 59,430 25.79 +6.71
Registered voters 230,427
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1996 general election[edit]

Summary of the 3 March 1996 Congress of Deputies election results in La Rioja
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 88,069 49.41 +3.15 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 65,311 36.65 –0.95 2 ±0
United Left–La Rioja (IU) 15,530 8.71 +1.75 0 ±0
Riojan Party (PR) 6,065 3.40 –1.02 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,612 1.47 +0.22
Total 178,226 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 178,226 99.40 –0.04
Invalid votes 1,080 0.60 +0.04
Votes cast / turnout 179,306 80.92 +0.92
Abstentions 42,277 19.08 –0.92
Registered voters 221,583
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1993 general election[edit]

Summary of the 6 June 1993 Congress of Deputies election results in La Rioja
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 78,792 46.26 +5.17 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 64,037 37.60 –2.10 2 ±0
United Left–La Rioja (IU) 11,850 6.96 +0.54 0 ±0
Riojan Party (PR) 7,532 4.42 New 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 3,609 2.12 –5.06 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,125 1.25 +0.05
Total 170,310 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 170,310 99.44 +0.33
Invalid votes 967 0.56 –0.33
Votes cast / turnout 171,277 80.00 +7.96
Abstentions 42,807 20.00 –7.96
Registered voters 214,084
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1989 general election[edit]

Summary of the 29 October 1989 Congress of Deputies election results in La Rioja
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP)1 60,737 41.09 +1.87 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 58,678 39.70 –4.22 2 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 10,620 7.18 –2.90 0 ±0
United Left (IU) 9,495 6.42 +4.42 0 ±0
The Ecologist Greens (LVE) 1,893 1.28 New 0 ±0
Ruiz-Mateos Group (Ruiz-Mateos) 1,823 1.23 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,775 1.20 +0.28
Total 147,808 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 147,808 99.11 +1.07
Invalid votes 1,326 0.89 –1.07
Votes cast / turnout 149,134 72.04 –2.27
Abstentions 57,875 27.96 +2.27
Registered voters 207,009
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1986 general election[edit]

Summary of the 22 June 1986 Congress of Deputies election results in La Rioja
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 65,151 43.92 +0.47 2 ±0
People's Coalition (APPDPPL)1 58,177 39.22 –2.31 2 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 14,953 10.08 +6.38 0 ±0
United Left (IU)2 2,961 2.00 +0.40 0 ±0
Democratic Reformist Party (PRD) 2,824 1.90 New 0 ±0
Communists' Unity Board (MUC) 1,531 1.03 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,361 0.92 +0.22
Total 148,328 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 148,328 98.04 +0.52
Invalid votes 2,968 1.96 –0.52
Votes cast / turnout 151,296 74.31 –9.79
Abstentions 52,308 25.69 +9.79
Registered voters 203,604
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1982 general election[edit]

Summary of the 28 October 1982 Congress of Deputies election results in La Rioja
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 67,781 43.45 +14.32 2 +1
People's Alliance–People's Democratic Party (APPDP)1 64,778 41.53 +27.66 2 +2
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 11,545 7.40 –40.64 0 –3
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 5,774 3.70 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 2,491 1.60 –1.97 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,086 0.70 +0.12
Total 155,995 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 155,995 97.52 –1.25
Invalid votes 3,971 2.48 +1.25
Votes cast / turnout 159,966 84.10 +10.79
Abstentions 30,238 15.90 –10.79
Registered voters 190,204
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1979 general election[edit]

Summary of the 1 March 1979 Congress of Deputies election results in Logroño
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 64,735 48.04 +6.69 3 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)1 39,245 29.13 +0.52 1 ±0
Democratic Coalition (CD)2 18,686 13.87 –0.60 0 –1
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 4,810 3.57 +0.78 0 ±0
National Union (UN) 1,569 1.16 New 0 ±0
Workers' Revolutionary Organization (ORT)3 1,546 1.15 –0.29 0 ±0
Blank ballots 646 0.48 +0.12
Total 134,739 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 134,739 98.77 +0.74
Invalid votes 1,680 1.23 –0.74
Votes cast / turnout 136,419 73.31 –10.76
Abstentions 49,678 26.69 +10.76
Registered voters 186,097
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1977 general election[edit]

Summary of the 15 June 1977 Congress of Deputies election results in Logroño
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 56,917 41.35 2
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 36,186 26.29 1
People's Alliance (AP) 19,925 14.47 1
Independent Riojan Candidacy (INDEP) 5,682 4.13 0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 3,846 2.79 0
Christian Democracy FederationChristian Democracy Team (FDC–EDC) 3,593 2.61 0
People's Socialist PartySocialist Unity (PSP–US) 3,188 2.32 0
Independent Riojan Group (INDEP) 2,399 1.74 0
Workers' Electoral Group (AET) 1,986 1.44 0
Democratic Socialist Alliance (ASDCI) 1,936 1.41 0
Blank ballots 356 0.26
Total 137,659 100.00 4
Valid votes 137,659 98.03
Invalid votes 2,770 1.97
Votes cast / turnout 140,429 84.07
Abstentions 26,601 15.93
Registered voters 167,030
Source: Ministry of the Interior

References[edit]

  1. ^ Political Reform Act of 1977, Law No. 1 of January 4, 1977 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b Spanish Constitution of 1978, December 29, 1978 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  3. ^ a b General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of June 19, 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
  4. ^ "Congress Functions". congreso.es. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 

Coordinates: 42°15′N 2°30′W / 42.250°N 2.500°W / 42.250; -2.500