La Soufrière (volcano)
|Elevation||1,234 m (4,049 ft) |
|Prominence||1,234 m (4,049 ft) |
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
|Location||Saint Vincent, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, West Indies|
|Mountain type||Stratovolcano (active)|
|Volcanic arc/belt||Lesser Antilles Volcanic Arc|
|Last eruption||April to October 1979|
|Easiest route||From the windward (Atlantic) side|
La Soufrière (Vincentian Creole: Soufray) ("The Sulfurer") or Soufrière Saint Vincent is an active volcano on the island of Saint Vincent in the Windward Islands of the Caribbean. Many volcanoes in the Caribbean are named Soufrière (French: "sulphur outlet"). These include Soufrière Hills on Montserrat and La Grande Soufrière on Guadeloupe, the subject of Werner Herzog's 1977 film La Soufrière.
Geography and structure
At 1,234 m (4,049 ft), La Soufrière is the highest peak on Saint Vincent as well as the highest point in the island country of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Soufrière is a stratovolcano with a crater lake and is the island's youngest and northernmost volcano.
La Soufrière violently erupted in 1718, 1812, 1902, 1971, and 1979. The eruption of 7 May 1902, just hours before the eruption of Mount Pelée on Martinique, killed 1,680 people. The death zone, where almost all persons were killed, was close to entirely Carib. This last large remnant of Carib culture was destroyed, the island of Dominica's Carib Territory being much smaller in comparison at that time.
The last recorded eruption was in April 1979; due to advance warning there were no casualties.
- The University of the West Indies Seismic Research Centre
- USGS/CVO West Indian Volcanoes
- UND Soufriere St. Vincent
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