La Tomatina

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La Tomatina
La Tomatina 2014.jpg
La Tomatina in 2014
Official nameLa Tomatina
Observed byBuñol, Valencia, Spain
DateLast Wednesday in August
2020 dateAugust 26  (2020-08-26)
2021 dateAugust 25  (2021-08-25)
2022 dateAugust 31  (2022-08-31)
2023 dateAugust 30  (2023-08-30)
Frequencyannual

La Tomatina (Spanish pronunciation: [la tomaˈtina]) is a festival that is held in the Valencian town of Buñol, in the east of Spain 30 kilometres (19 mi) from the Mediterranean, in which participants throw tomatoes and get involved in a tomato fight purely for entertainment purposes. Since 1945 it has been held on the last Wednesday of August, during a week of festivities in Buñol. The event has been cancelled since 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Spain.

History[edit]

La Tomatina 25 August 2010
Tomato battle at Tomatina in 2006.

La Tomatina Festival started the last Wednesday of August in 1945 when some young people spent time in the town square to attend the Giants and Big-Heads figures parade. The young people decided to take part in a parade with musicians, Giants and Big-Heads figures. One participant's Big-head fell off, as a result of the festivities. The participant flew into a fit of rage, and began hitting everything in their path. There was a market stall of vegetables that fell victim to the fury of the crowd, as people started to pelt each other with tomatoes until the local forces ended the fruit battle.

The following year, some young people engaged in a pre-planned quarrel and brought their own tomatoes from home. Although the local forces broke it up, this began the yearly tradition. In the following years, the young boys' example had unwittingly made history for thousands of people.

La Tomatina was banned in the early 50s by Francisco Franco due to the festival's lack of religious importance, however, this did not stop the participants, who were arrested. The people protested the prohibition and the festival was again allowed with more participants. The festivity was again canceled until 1957 when, as a sign of protest, a tomato burial was held. It was a demonstration in which the residents carried a coffin with a huge tomato inside. The parade was accompanied by a music band that played funeral marches. The protest was successful, and La Tomatina Festival was finally permitted and became an official festival.[1]

As a result of the report of Javier Basilio, a broadcaster from the Spanish television program called Informe Semanal, the festival started to be known throughout the rest of Spain. Since then, the number of participants increased year after year as well as the excitement about La Tomatina Festival. In 2002, La Tomatina of Buñol was declared a Festivity of International Tourist Interest by the Secretary Department of Tourism due to its popularity.[2]

The 2020 event was cancelled in April that year due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Spain, and was to be the events' 75th anniversary. It had only been cancelled once before, in 1957 for political reasons.[3] In 2021 the event was again canceled.[4]

Description[edit]

Preparing the "palo jabón"

Usually, the fight lasts for about one hour, after which the town square is covered with tomato debris.[5] Fire trucks then hose down the streets and participants often use hoses that locals provide to remove the tomatoes from their bodies. Some participants go to the “Los Peñones” pool to wash. The citric acid in the tomatoes leads to the washed surfaces in the town becoming very clean.[6][7]

Since 2013 participation in the event has been restricted to the holders of paid tickets. In 2015, it was estimated that almost 145,000 kg (320,000 lb) of tomatoes were thrown.[6]

The city council follows a short list of instructions for the safety of the participants and the festival:[8]

  1. Do not throw anything but tomatoes
  2. Do not tear clothes
  3. Squash tomatoes before throwing them to avoid hurting others
  4. Keep a safe distance from trucks
  5. Stop throwing tomatoes after the second starter pistol shot
  6. Follow the directions of security staff
  7. Only throw tomatoes to a target you can see, to avoid hurting others
  8. Do not throw tomatoes directly at buildings
  9. Have a great, fun time!

In other countries[edit]

Throwing tomatoes from a truck

La Tomatina Buñol has inspired similar celebrations in other parts of the world:

In popular culture[edit]

  • The festival was re-created for the song "Ik Junoon (Paint It Red)" from the 2011 Bollywood film Zindagi Na Milegi Dobara.[13][14]
  • The opening scene of the film We Need to Talk About Kevin depicts the character Eva attending La Tomatina.
  • The Movie Spanish Masala has a scene showing the La Tomatina festival.
  • The 2007 game Tekken 6 features a stage named "Fiesta del Tomate", based on the Tomatina. The fighters are located in a town in Spain where people in the background are throwing tomatoes to each other. The floor is covered in tomatoes and when an opponent falls, it makes a squishing sound.
  • The 2014 British musical film Walking on Sunshine features a tomato fight in an Apulian village. It was shot in Nardò, Italy.[15]
  • The 2013 animated series Mickey Mouse episode "Al Rojo Vivo" features Mickey Mouse stumbling across La Tomatina.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "What is La Tomatina, how did it begin and where does it take place?". The Independent. 2019-08-28. Retrieved 2021-08-23.
  2. ^ Studio, Socarrat. "La Tomatina – Página oficial". latomatina.info (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-08-20.
  3. ^ Donaldson, Emma (13 July 2020). "La Tomatina Festival 2020 cancelled due to COVID-19". idealista. Retrieved 5 July 2021.
  4. ^ "Buñol suspende La Tomatina 2021 (Buñol suspends La Tomatina 2021)". buol.es (in Spanish). Ayuntamiento de Bunyol (Bunyol Town Hall). 11 March 2021. Retrieved 5 July 2021.
  5. ^ Mullins, Deirdre (2009-06-26). "La Tomatina". RTÉ News. RTE.
  6. ^ a b Harris, Jenn (August 28, 2013). "La Tomatina festival: 20,000 people, 130 tons of tomatoes, 1 big mess". The Los Angeles Times.
  7. ^ "La Tomatina". The Taste of Spain. Retrieved August 24, 2017.
  8. ^ "The Rules of Tomatina Festival". Tomatina.
  9. ^ a b Galván, Javier A. (June 19, 2014). They Do What? A Cultural Encyclopedia of Extraordinary and Exotic Customs from around the World: A Cultural Encyclopedia of Extraordinary and Exotic Customs from around the World. ABC-CLIO. pp. 309–. ISBN 978-1-61069-342-4.
  10. ^ a b "La Tomatina Tomato Festival Inspires Tomato Battle In USA". Odd Culture. 2011-08-10. Archived from the original on 2016-07-23. Retrieved 2016-07-28.
  11. ^ "Bangalore's Tomatina festival cancelled". NDTV 24x7. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  12. ^ "Splash of La Tomatina adds to park revelry - Funmakers get drenched in tomatoes instead of gulal ahead of festival". Calcutta Telegraph.
  13. ^ "Abhay Deol goes topless!". Hindustan Times. 2011-05-31. Archived from the original on 2013-01-25. Retrieved 2011-06-29.
  14. ^ "Check out: Hrithik, Katrina, Farhan & Abhay shooting for Tomatina fest in Spain". Bollywoodhungama.com. 2011-03-19. Retrieved 2015-08-25.
  15. ^ On location: ‘Walking on Sunshine’, Joanne O’Connor, 27 June 2014, Financial Times
  16. ^ "Al Rojo Vivo | A Mickey Mouse Cartoon | Disney Shorts". Youtube. Retrieved 18 June 2020.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°25′10″N 0°47′26″W / 39.41944°N 0.79056°W / 39.41944; -0.79056