River Trenche

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Trenche River (River La Trenche)
Stmauricerivermap.png
Main tributaries of Saint-Maurice River
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Mauricie
Source
 - coordinates 48°21′15″N 74°06′00″W / 48.35417°N 74.10000°W / 48.35417; -74.10000
Mouth Saint-Maurice River
 - coordinates 47°49′48″N 72°51′42″W / 47.83000°N 72.86167°W / 47.83000; -72.86167Coordinates: 47°49′48″N 72°51′42″W / 47.83000°N 72.86167°W / 47.83000; -72.86167
Length 150 km (93 mi)

The Trenche River (commonly named “La Trenche” in French) flows in a southwesterly direction through two forested areas. The first is the unorganized territory of Lac-Ashuapmushuan, in the MRC Le Domaine-du-Roy Regional County Municipality, administrative region of Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean. Secondly, within La Tuque (urban agglomeration), Upper Mauricie, Quebec, Canada. This river is one of the five most important tributaries of the Saint-Maurice River.

Geography[edit]

Trenche river flows between the Saint-Maurice River and Croche River. One has many islands along the way.

On his journey entirely in forest areas, Trenche river has many rapids and falls. The river widened at different places to form many lakes (Pegasus, "à la Boîte" (the box), Lauzon, "Du Chapeau" (the Hat), Tourouvre). Its mouth is located just southeast of Rapide-Blanc, on the left bank of the Saint-Maurice River in northern La Tuque (urban agglomeration). Its mouth flows into Tourouvre lake formed by the Trenche Dam.

Main tributaries of the River Trenche:

  • Little River Trenche West (decimal coordinates: -72.91611, 48.29445)
  • Trenche East River (decimal coordinates: -72.91167, 48.26805)
  • South River Trenche (decimal coordinates: -73.22278, 48.47055)
  • Rivière de la Tête à l'ours
  • Rivière Raimbault

Toponymy[edit]

In 1829, Joseph Bouchette gives to this river the English name of “Ice Chisel” or the noun “slice ice” for cutting ice. This term from the English language in Canada means a tool whose purpose is to punch a hole in the ice. Such a hole can be used including fishing, trapping beaver or take the cup of ice to fill the coolers (ice warehouse for food storage in the hot season). The ice extent in the cooler between the layers of sawdust. The ice cutting increments is normally done in the coldest winter time on the rivers near homes, villages or cities. This practice can also be used to fill the coolers in forest remote sites.

The tool “Tranche” was used by trappers, travelers, hunters for their personal use or for barter practice with Aboriginal people. At the time of the fur trade at the beginning of British rule in Canada, the term “chisel” and “ice chisel” was used by the English traders to designate this tool. Under the influence of Canadian wood runners (said "Courreurs de bois" in French) who worked for the company based in Montreal, caterers of Hudson Bay rather adopted the French term for this tool, rather than as “trench”.

The newspaper summarizing the two trips on the St. Maurice, made in 1889 by Father Napoleon Caron confirms the spelling “rivière Tranche” (River Edge)[1]

The name “River Trenche” was officially registered December 5, 1968 in the register of place names of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (Geographical Names Board of Québec).[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Source: Names and places of Quebec, the work of the Geographical Names Board, published in 1994 and 1996 in the form of an illustrated dictionary printed, and in that of a CD produced by Micro - Intel in 1997 from this dictionary. Geographical Names Board refers to doctoral research in June 2000 the linguist Robert Vézina.
  2. ^ "Commission de toponymie du Québec (Geographical Names Board of Québec) - Bank of place names - River Trenche (La Tuque)".