La Trinidad, Benguet

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La Trinidad
La Trinidad Valley
La Trinidad Valley
Official seal of La Trinidad
Nickname(s): Strawberry Capital of the Philippines
Rose Capital of the Philippines[1]
Location in the province of Benguet
Location in the province of Benguet
La Trinidad is located in Philippines
La Trinidad
La Trinidad
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 16°27′N 120°34′E / 16.450°N 120.567°E / 16.450; 120.567Coordinates: 16°27′N 120°34′E / 16.450°N 120.567°E / 16.450; 120.567
Country Philippines
Region Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)
Province Benguet
District Lone district of Benguet
Founded 1950
Barangays 16
 • Mayor Edna Cuyopan Tabanda
 • Total 70.04 km2 (27.04 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 107,188
 • Density 1,500/km2 (4,000/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2601
Dialing code 74
Income class 1st class

La Trinidad (Ilocano: Ili ti La Trinidad) is a first class[2] and capital municipality of the province of Benguet, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 107,188 people.[3]

The municipality is known for its strawberry and vegetable plantations earning the town the title "Strawberry Capital of the Philippines".[1][4] The town currently holds the Guinness World Record for baking the world's largest strawberry shortcake in March 20, 2004.[5]


Pre-colonial and Spanish periods[edit]

The valley encompassing La Trinidad was originally called "Benguet", a thriving community of Ibaloi migrants from Tinek. Colonial influence reached the area upon Spanish explorers Don M. Quirante's discovery of the valley in 1642, and Lt. Col. Guillermo Galvey's expedition to Benguet in 1829.[1]

The valley was later renamed to "La Trinidad" in honor of Galvey's wife.[6] Together with 40 other smaller surrounding rancherías, La Trinidad was placed under the jurisdiction of the newly established Benguet commandancia politico-militar in 1846.[7][8] La Trinidad was established as the administrative headquarters of the Benguet commandancia during the Spanish Conquest of the Philippines.[1][6][9]

American period[edit]

With the establishment of Benguet as a province under the Republic of the Philippines in 1899, La Trinidad was made as its capital.[1]

In 1900, the American colonizers arrived, and La Trinidad was established as one of the 19 townships under Benguet province, upon the issuance of Act No. 48.[6][10] For a brief period, Baguio became the capital of Benguet when appointed Benguet province civil governor H.P. Whitmarsh moved the capital from La Trinidad to Baguio in 1901. La Trinidad was made the provincial capital again in 1909, after the Baguio township was abolished and converted into a chartered city.[1]

Second World War[edit]

In 1942, Japanese soldiers occupied La Trinidad, Benguet.[citation needed]

On May 3, 1945, The Filipino soldiers of the 2nd, 11th, 12th, 13th, 15th and 16th Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army, 1st Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary, and the 66th Infantry Regiment of the United States Armed Forces in the Philippines - Northern Luzon or USAFIP-NL liberated La Trinidad.[1]

Modern history[edit]

La Trinidad was transformed into a full-fledged town from its former status as municipal district by virtue of Republic Act No. 531, approved June 16, 1950.[11]

On March 13, 2004, Proclamation No. 585, s. 2004 was signed by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo declaring every March 18, the date of the annual Strawberry Festival, as a special non-working holiday for the municipality.[12]

The town landed on the Guinness Book of World Records for baking the world's largest strawberry shortcake, at 21,213.40 lb (9,622.23 kg), at the La Trinidad Strawberry Festival on March 20, 2004.[5]

In March 2015, 6,000 slices of strawberry cake were served as part of the events at this municipality's Strawberry Festival.[13] The cakes for the slices were prepared using fresh strawberries.[13]


La Trinidad is bounded by Tublay on the north-east, Sablan on the west, Baguio City on the south, Itogon on the southeast, and Tuba on the south-west.

The municipality has a land area of 7,004 hectares (17,310 acres),[2] representing 3.16% of the provincial land area. The terrain is generally mountainous with springs, rivers and creeks. The town has a valley which encompasses several barangays. The valley floor elevation is at 1,300 metres (4,300 ft) above sea level. Elevation ranges from 500 to 1,700 metres (1,600 to 5,600 ft) above sea level.

Balili River is the municipality's main water drainage which carries upstream water from Sagudin River in Baguio City.[14] The river merges with another upstream river in Tuel upon reaching the La Trinidad-Tublay-Sablan tri-point.


There are 16 barangays in La Trinidad, with 11 being classified as urban and 5 as rural.[15] The most populous is Pico with 18,271 people as of the 2010 Census, and Bineng having the least.[3] Wangal is the largest in terms of land area,[16] while Cruz is the smallest.[17] Balili was the most densely populated, and Bineng was the least. Bineng has the most number of sitios, while Betag has the least with only 4.

Barangay[15] Class[15] Etymology Historical
Area Population Density
No. of
Location [A]
2010[3] 2007[18] Change
Alapang Rural Adafang, Ibaloi term for the powdery substance from limestone[19] Alno
(until 1967)[19]
2.012 km2
(0.78 sq mi)[19]
4,171 3,627 +15.00% 2,100/km2
(5,400/sq mi)
16°28′16″N 120°35′57″E / 16.471234°N 120.5991554°E / 16.471234; 120.5991554 (Alapang)
Alno Rural Alno, local term for a medicinal dipterocarp tree in the area[20] Bahong[20] 9.583 km2
(3.7 sq mi)[20]
2,046 1,821 +12.36% 210/km2
(540/sq mi)
16°29′09″N 120°35′35″E / 16.4859255°N 120.5931044°E / 16.4859255; 120.5931044 (Alno)
Ambiong Urban Ambiongan, Ibaloi term for "Black Carpet Bees" found in the rolling hills and forests[21] Eastern Pico
(until 1948)[21]
3.420 km2
(1.3 sq mi)[21]
6,423 5,282 +21.60% 1,900/km2
(4,900/sq mi)
16°26′13″N 120°36′17″E / 16.4368261°N 120.6047773°E / 16.4368261; 120.6047773 (Ambiong)
Bahong Urban Pesjohong or naydihong, Ibaloi term for "hollow or bowl like"[22] Tacdian[22] 6.575 km2
(2.5 sq mi)[22]
4,828 3,997 +20.79% 730/km2
(1,900/sq mi)
16°28′07″N 120°36′27″E / 16.4686002°N 120.6075668°E / 16.4686002; 120.6075668 (Bahong)
Balili Urban Badili, Ibaloi term for a type of grass abundant in the area[23] Pico[23] 1.190 km2
(0.46 sq mi)[23]
16,086 16,734 −3.87% 14,000/km2
(36,000/sq mi)
16°27′00″N 120°35′41″E / 16.4500385°N 120.5947351°E / 16.4500385; 120.5947351 (Balili)
Beckel Urban Pico[24] 9.513 km2
(3.7 sq mi)[24]
3,453 3,544 −2.57% 360/km2
(930/sq mi)
16°26′11″N 120°37′48″E / 16.4364145°N 120.6300116°E / 16.4364145; 120.6300116 (Beckel)
Bineng Rural Nabneng, local term characterizing the natural damming by the Danao River[25] Disdis
(present-day Sablan)[25]
8.254 km2
(3.2 sq mi)[25]
1,487 1,312 +13.34% 180/km2
(470/sq mi)
16°29′00″N 120°34′02″E / 16.4832095°N 120.5672693°E / 16.4832095; 120.5672693 (Bineng)
Betag Urban Betag, a flat land area characterizing the terrain[26] Pico
(until the 1950s)[26]
1.569 km2
(0.61 sq mi)[26]
6,863 6,235 +10.07% 4,400/km2
(11,000/sq mi)
16°27′16″N 120°35′18″E / 16.4543189°N 120.5884695°E / 16.4543189; 120.5884695 (Betag)
Cruz Urban Kurus, Ibaloi term of hanging/display of sacrificed animals' horns within the home of the cañao performer[17] Alapang
(until 1971)[17]
0.565 km2
(0.22 sq mi)[17]
3,519 2,970 +18.48% 6,200/km2
(16,000/sq mi)
16°27′55″N 120°35′34″E / 16.4653489°N 120.592761°E / 16.4653489; 120.592761 (Cruz)
Lubas Urban Dubas, Ibaloi term of red clay abundant in the area[27] Pico[27] 2.405 km2
(0.93 sq mi)[27]
5,591 4,602 +21.49% 2,300/km2
(6,000/sq mi)
16°26′39″N 120°35′57″E / 16.4441527°N 120.5992842°E / 16.4441527; 120.5992842 (Lubas)
Pico Urban Piho, Ibaloi term for the pick mattock inhabitants used to flatten the hilly land[28] 3.293 km2
(1.3 sq mi)[28]
18,271 16,577 +10.22% 5,500/km2
(14,000/sq mi)
16°26′41″N 120°35′19″E / 16.4446466°N 120.5886841°E / 16.4446466; 120.5886841 (Pico)
Poblacion Urban Poblacion, the site of the old Spanish Presidencia[29] Benget[29] 1.046 km2
(0.40 sq mi)[29]
10,594 10,627 −0.31% 10,000/km2
(26,000/sq mi)
16°27′44″N 120°35′16″E / 16.4621799°N 120.5877829°E / 16.4621799; 120.5877829 (Poblacion)
Puguis Rural Pico
(until the 1950s)[30]
10.218 km2
(3.9 sq mi)[30]
7,163 6,551 +9.34% 700/km2
(1,800/sq mi)
16°26′50″N 120°34′34″E / 16.4471985°N 120.5761528°E / 16.4471985; 120.5761528 (Puguis)
Shilan Urban Shalan, local term for "the way to and from"[31] Tacdian[31] 7.509 km2
(2.9 sq mi)[31]
4,330 3,419 +26.65% 580/km2
(1,500/sq mi)
16°27′49″N 120°37′25″E / 16.4637027°N 120.6236172°E / 16.4637027; 120.6236172 (Shilan)
Tawang Urban Kankanaey word, "catching birds through the use of fire inside the cave"
or Tayawan, Ibaloi term for the "tayaw" ritual inside the Tawang caves[32]
parts of Pico,
Alapang and Shilan[32]
2.475 km2
(0.96 sq mi)[32]
7,456 6,294 +18.46% 3,000/km2
(7,800/sq mi)
16°27′20″N 120°36′07″E / 16.4556771°N 120.6018591°E / 16.4556771; 120.6018591 (Tawang)
Wangal Rural Vangal, Ibaloi term attributed to the river[16] 11.16 km2
(4.3 sq mi)[16]
4,907 4,218 +16.33% 440/km2
(1,100/sq mi)
16°27′28″N 120°34′13″E / 16.457735°N 120.5701447°E / 16.457735; 120.5701447 (Wangal)
  • CoordinatesA mark the "barangay proper" vicinity, where the barangay school and/or barangay hall are usually situated, and are sortable by latitude.
  • Dashes (—) in cells indicate unavailable information.


La Trinidad belongs under the Type I climate by the Coronas System of classification with distinct wet and dry seasons. The dry season is from November to April while the wet season occurs during the rest of the year. The climate is cool with temperatures ranging from 11.7 °C (53.1 °F) during the month of December at its coldest and 23.2 °C (73.8 °F) at its warmest during the months of March, April and May. The average daily temperature is 18.55 °C (65.39 °F). Wind velocity is 1.43. During the rainiest month of August, the rainfall average is 850.70 millimetres (33.492 in).


Population census of La Trinidad
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 48,252 —    
1995 63,089 +5.15%
2000 67,963 +1.61%
2007 97,810 +5.15%
2010 107,188 +3.39%
Source: National Statistics Office[3][33]


A strawberry vendor in La Trinidad

Agriculture constitutes the economy of La Trinidad. The town supplies most of the Philippines' strawberries[34] and cut flowers which include roses.[35][36][37] The La Trinidad Vegetable Trading Post is visited by wholesalers and traders of vegetables from other provinces.[38] The presence of the Benguet State University in the municipality serves as a boost to agricultural research and development in the region.[39]

Its proximity to the city of Baguio attracts tourists, primarily to the strawberry fields in the valley, and lesser to the Benguet Provincial Capitol and the Rose Gardens of barangay Bahong.[40]


Public schools[edit]

As of 2014, La Trinidad has 23 public elementary schools and 7 public secondary schools.[41][42][43]

The main campus of the Benguet State University, the first university in the province, is located in the municipality.

Private schools[edit]

  • San Jose School of La Trinidad, Inc.
  • Cordillera Career Development College - the first private tertiary school in the BIMAK (Benguet, Ifugao, Mt. Province, Apayao, Kalinga) region, excluding Baguio City
  • King's College of the Philippines
  • Philippine Nazarene College - formerly known as Luzon Nazarene Bible College (LNBC), established in 1952
  • H.O.P.E. Christian Academy
  • Little Flower Children's Home Foundation
  • The Montessori Academy
  • Globalight Vision School
  • BVS Colleges - Formerly Benguet Vocational school Colleges
  • Star Colleges - Formerly Twinkle Star School

Notable people[edit]

La Trinidad is the burial place of:


  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Municipality of La Trinidad, Benguet". DILG-CAR. Retrieved 18 September 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c "Province: Benguet". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  4. ^ "Cordillera Autonomous Region". It's More Fun in the Philippines. Retrieved 18 September 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "Largest fruit shortcake". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 6 January 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c "Facts & Figures: Benguet Province". Philippine Statistics Authority - National Statistical Coordination Board - Cordillera Administrative Region. NSCB. 23 April 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  7. ^ Lancion, Jr., Conrado M.; de Guzman, Rey (cartography) (1995). "The Provinces". Fast Facts about Philippine Provinces (The 2000 Millenium ed.). Makati, Metro Manila: Tahanan Books. p. 38. ISBN 971-630-037-9. Retrieved 16 January 2015. 
  8. ^ "History of Takdian (La Trinidad)". Province of Benguet (official website). Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  9. ^ "Profile of La Trinidad: LA TRINIDAD THROUGH THE YEARS". Retrieved 16 September 2014. 
  10. ^ "History: Benguet Province". Province of Benguet (official website). Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  11. ^ "Republic Act No. 531: An Act to Convert the Municipal District of La Trinidad, Subprovince of Benguet, Mountain Province, into a Regular Municipality to be Known as the Municipality of La Trinidad". Retrieved 2011-04-09. 
  12. ^ "Proclamation No. 585, s. 2004: Declaring March 18 as a Special Non-working Holiday for the Municipality of La Trinidad, Benguet". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. 13 March 2004. Retrieved 5 January 2015. 
  13. ^ a b Locsin, Joel (August 10, 2015). "Get ready for 6,000 slices of strawberry cake in Benguet". GMA News. Retrieved December 2, 2015. 
  14. ^ Susan Aro (11 October 2011). "Balili River wanting for clean, safe waters". Sun.Star Baguio. Sun.Star Baguio. Retrieved 16 September 2014. 
  15. ^ a b c "Municipality/City: LA TRINIDAD (Capital)". PSGC Interactive; Philippine Standard Geographic Code. Philippine Statistics Authority - National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  16. ^ a b c d "Barangay Wangal" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  17. ^ a b c d e "Barangay Cruz" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  18. ^ "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of August 1, 2007: Benguet". National Statistics Office. National Statistics Office. April 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 November 2008. Retrieved 12 October 2014. 
  19. ^ a b c d "Barangay Alapang" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  20. ^ a b c d "Barangay Alno" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  21. ^ a b c d "Barangay Ambiong" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  22. ^ a b c d "Barangay Bahong" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  23. ^ a b c d "Barangay Balili" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  24. ^ a b c "Barangay Beckel" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  25. ^ a b c d "Barangay Bineng" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  26. ^ a b c d "Barangay Betag" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  27. ^ a b c d "Barangay Lubas" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  28. ^ a b c "Barangay Pico" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  29. ^ a b c d "Barangay Poblacion" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  30. ^ a b c "Barangay Puguis" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  31. ^ a b c d "Barangay Shilan" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  32. ^ a b c d "Barangay Tawang" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  33. ^ "Province of Benguet". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  34. ^ Caluza, Desiree (27 April 2013). "What is life without strawberry in La Trinidad Valley?". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 5 January 2015. 
  35. ^ Catajan, Maria Elena (13 February 2014). "Benguet blooms in focus". Sun.Star Baguio. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  36. ^ Rillorta, Paul (22 March 2012). "City supports La Trinidad strawberry festival –mayor". Official website of the City Government of Baguio. Retrieved 5 January 2015. 
  37. ^ Agreda, JM (13 March 2014). "La Trinidad hopes strawberries will draw tourists". 9News Philippines. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  38. ^ Obnial, Angela (December 2005). "La Trinidad veggie trading post revisited". Bureau of Agricultural Research Chronicle. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  39. ^ Dumlao, Artemio (11 July 2013). "Benguet State U starts developing organic agri program". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  40. ^ Lago, Amanda (9 April 2012). "Benguet roses now a summer attraction". GMA News. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  41. ^ "Masterlist of Public Elementary Schools for the School year 2012- 2013" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), July 15, 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2014. 
  42. ^ a b "Masterlist of Secondary Schools (School Year 2013- 2014)" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), July 4, 2013. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  43. ^ a b "Masterlist of Public Schools SY 2013-2014" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), 22 October 2014. Retrieved 28 December 2014. 

External links[edit]