Welcome Arch of La Union at the La Union-Ilocos Sur border
Location in the Philippines
|Founded||March 2, 1850|
|Capital||San Fernando City|
|• Governor||Manuel "Manoling" C. Ortega (NPC)|
|• Vice Governor||Aureo Nisce (NPC)|
|• Total||1,497.70 km2 (578.27 sq mi)|
|Area rank||68th out of 80|
|• Rank||37th out of 80|
|• Density||500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||10th out of 80|
|• Independent cities||0|
|• Component cities||1|
|• Districts||1st and 2nd districts of La Union|
|Time zone||PHT (UTC+8)|
|ZIP code||2500 – 2520|
|Languages||Ilokano, Pangasinan, Kankanaey, Ibaloi, Tagalog, English|
La Union (Ilocano: Probinsya ti La Union; Tagalog: Probinsya ng La Union; Pangasinan: Luyag na La Union), is a province in the Philippines located in the Ilocos Region in the island of Luzon. Its capital is the city of San Fernando.
La Unión, "The Union" in Spanish, was formed in 1850 when the Spanish colonial government of Governor-General Antonio Maria Blanco merged the three southern towns of Ilocos Sur province, the nine northern towns of Pangasinan, and the western towns of Benguet to the east (Eastern Pais del Igorotes in the Cordilleras). Pangasinenses were the majority in the new province because most towns had been in the Province of Pangasinan.
On October 29, 1849, Governor General Claveria issued a "promovido" to fuse the Pangasinan-Ilokos-Cordillera areas into "La Union". On March 2, 1850, Governor General Antonio Maria Blanco signed the Superior Decreto of La Union (34th province from Cebu-1565), with Captain Toribio Ruiz de la Escalera as the first Gobernador Military y Politico. Isabella II of Spain decreed the province's creation on April 18, 1854. In 1661, Andres Malong (Pangasinan) failed to recover La Union from the Spaniards after the Battle of Agoo. In 1896, the people of La Union began a revolt against the Spanish, who had called La Union “Una Provincia Modelo", ed by Manuel Tinio Y Bondoc under Emilio Aguinaldo. The Americans collaborated with the Filipinos to end the Spanish.
Dr. Lucino Almeida became the Presidente Provincial of the American regime, followed by the election of La Union’s first Civil Governor in 1901, Don Joaquin Joaquino Ortega, Grandfather of Governor Manuel C. Ortega. 9 Governors succeeded Don Joaquin before World War II: Joaquin Luna, 1904-1907, Sixto Zandueta, 1908-1919, Pio Ancheta 1919-1922, 1931, Thomas De Guzman, 1922-1923, 1928-1931, Juan Lucero, 1923-1929, Mauro Ortiz, 1931-1934, Juan Rivera, 1934-1937, Francisco Nisce, 1937-1940 and Bernardo Gapuz, 1940. Gov. Bernardo Gapuz (1940), Gov. Jorge Camacho (1941-1942) and Gov. Bonifacio Tadiar (1942-1944) thereafter succeeded these 9.
On January 4, 1945, La Union was liberated by the Battle of San Fernando and Bacsil Ridge. Agaton Yaranon, 1946-1947 was succeeded by Governors: Doroteo Aguila, 1948-1951, Juan Carbonell, 1952-1955, Bernardo Gapuz, 1956-1959, Eulogio De Guzman, 1960-1967, Juvenal Guerrero, 1968-1977, Tomas Asprer, 1977-1986, Robert V. Dulay, 1986-1987, Joaquin Ortega, 1988-1992, Justo O. Orros, 1992-2001, Victor F. Ortega, 2001-2007 and Manuel C. Ortega, 2007–present.
Like most of the region, the province is squeezed in by the Cordillera mountain range to the east and the South China Sea to the west. Yet, unlike other portions of Luzon and the Philippines' two other island groupings, the Visayas and Mindanao, La Union experiences a rather arid and prolonged dry season with little precipitation to be expected between the months of November and May.
The most populous barangay in the province is Sevilla in the City of San Fernando with a population of 10,612 in the 2010 census. If cities are excluded, Central East (Poblacion) in the municipality of Bauang has the highest number of inhabitants, at 4,249. Caggao in Bangar has the lowest with only 170.
|Population census of
|Source: National Statistics Office|
The province is predominantly Ilokano (over 90% based on recent census data) and Roman Catholic. Minority communities of Pangasinense live in the south of the province, Igorots in the Cordillera foothills, and Tagalog people in urban areas. In September 2012, the province of La Union passed an ordinance recognizing Ilocano (Iloko) as an official provincial language, the other is Pangasinan, the second official provincial language alongside Filipino and English, as national and official languages of the Philippines, respectively. It is the first province in the Philippines to pass an ordinance protecting and revitalizing a native language. San Fernando City serves as the administrative, educational, and financial center of the region.
La Union is known for its softbroom industry. The economy is diversified with service, manufacturing, and agricultural industries spread throughout the province. The Port of San Fernando operates as an increasingly active shipping point, and the former American airbase Wallace Air Station, having been converted into a business and industrial area, helps to facilitate such commercial activity.
The main livelihood of the people are: hand-woven blankets (Inabel), softbrooms, baskets, pottery, rice wine (tapuey), sugarcane wine (basi), sugarcane vinegar, wood craft, bamboo craft, native rice cakes, antique-finish furniture, dried fish, honey, and mushroom.
Provincial government and politics
Just as the national government, La Union provincial government is divided into three branches: executive, legislative and judiciary. The judicial branch is administered solely by the Supreme Court of the Philippines. The LGUs have control of the executive and legislative branch.
The executive branch is composed of the governor for the provinces, mayor for the cities and municipalities, and the barangay captain for the barangays.
The legislative branch is composed of the Sangguniang Panlalawigan (provincial assembly) for the provinces, Sangguniang Panlungsod (city assembly) for the cities, Sangguniang Bayan (town assembly) for the municipalities, Sangguniang Barangay (barangay council), and the Sangguniang Kabataan for the youth sector.
The seat of Government is vested upon the Mayor and other elected officers who hold office at the City Hall of San Fernando. The Sanguniang Bayan is the center of legislation, stationed in the Speaker Pro-Tempore Francisco I. Ortega Building, the Legislative Building at the back of the Capitol.
La Union is governed by Manuel C. Ortega, the Chief Executive, his Vice-Governor, Aureo Augusto Nisce and 13 Board Members.
The Supreme Court of the Philippines recognizes La Union (inter alia) regional trial courts and metropolitan or municipal trial courts within the province and towns, that have an over-all jurisdiction in the populace of the province and towns, respectively.
Batas Pambansa Blg. 129, "The Judiciary Reorganization Act of 1980", as amended, created Regional, Metropolitan, Municipal Trial and Circuit Courts. The Third Judicial Region includes RTCs in La Union xxx Sec. 14. Regional Trial Courts. (a) Fifty-seven Regional Trial Judges shall be commissioned for the First Judicial Region. Nine branches (Branches XXVI to XXXIV) for the province of La Union, Branches XXVI to XXX with seats at San Fernando, Branches XXXI and XXXII at Agoo, Branch XXXIII at Bauang, and Branch XXXIV at Balaoan;
The law also created Metropolitan Trial Courts in each metropolitan area established by law, a Municipal Trial Court in each of the other cities or municipalities, and a Municipal Circuit Trial Court in each circuit comprising such cities and/or municipalities as are grouped together pursuant to law: three branches for Cabanatuan City; in every city which does not form part of a metropolitan area, there is also a Municipal Trial Court with one branch, except as provided: Two branches for San Fernando, La Union;
The courts of law are stationed in Halls of Justices of the Province and towns. In La Union, the Regional Trial Court is stationed at the Bulwagan ng Katarungan or Halls of Justice in San Fernando, La Union and other Regional Trial Courts in Bauang and Agoo, La Union.
- Diego Silang (1730–1763) - was a revolutionary leader
- Luna Brothers (Juan Luna and Antonio Luna) - Their mother is a native of Luna, La Union
- Magnolia Antonino (1915–2010) - was a Senator of the Philippines
- Camilo Osias (1889–1976) - was a Filipino politician, twice for a short time President of the Senate of the Philippines.
- William Penn Duvall (1847–1920)
- Bryan Termulo (born 1988) - his mother is from Bauang, La Union
- Gloria Diaz (born 1951) - Miss Philippines 1969, Miss Universe 1969
- Vice Ganda (born 1976) - Actor, host, singer and comedian. His mother is from La Union
- JB Magsaysay (born 1980) - Pinoy Big Brother (season 1) housemate; Actor, public servant and businessman
- Jessica Soho (born 1964) - broadcast journalist
- Aiyana Mikiewicz (born 1988) - Miss Tourism World Philippines 2013, Miss Tourism World-Asia 2013. Her Mother is from Agoo, La Union
- "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 30 July 2013.
- "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities" (PDF). 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 30 July 2013.
- La Union Profile: La Union History - Province of La Union :: Official Website
- La Union Profile: Gallery of Governors - Province of La Union :: Official Website
- "2010 Census of Population and Housing: Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay:as of May 1, 2010 (Ilocos Region)" (PDF). National Statistics Office (Philippines). Retrieved 18 October 2014.
- "Province: La Union". Philippine Statistics Authority - National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 25 December 2015.
- La Union Profile: Quick Facts - Province of La Union :: Official Website
- La Union Profile: Educational Services - Province of La Union :: Official Website
- Local Government Code of the Philippines, Book III, Department of Interior and Local Government official website.
- Government: Elected Officials - Province of La Union :: Official Website
- Philippine Laws, Statutes And Codes - Chan Robles Virtual Law Library
- THE JUDICIARY REORGANIZATION ACT OF 1980 (B. P. BLG. 129) - CHAN ROBLES VIRTUAL LAW LIBRARY
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to La Union.|
- Geographic data related to La Union at OpenStreetMap
- Official Website of the Provincial Government of La Union
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
|South China Sea||Benguet|