La Vernia, Texas

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La Vernia, Texas
La vernia city hall 2013.jpg
Nickname(s): 
L V, Bear Country
Motto(s): 
This is Bear Country
Location of La Vernia, Texas
Location of La Vernia, Texas
Wilson County LaVernia.svg
Coordinates: 29°21′11″N 98°7′33″W / 29.35306°N 98.12583°W / 29.35306; -98.12583Coordinates: 29°21′11″N 98°7′33″W / 29.35306°N 98.12583°W / 29.35306; -98.12583
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyWilson
Area
 • Total2.4 sq mi (6 km2)
 • Land2.4 sq mi (6 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation
489 ft (149 m)
Population
 • Total1,034
 • Density430/sq mi (170/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
78121
Area code(s)830
FIPS code48-41764[1]
GNIS feature ID1360813[2]
Websitelavernia-tx.gov

La Vernia is a city in Wilson County, Texas, United States. La Vernia is located is on the south bank of Cibolo Creek at the junction of U.S. Highway 87 and Texas Farm to Market Road 775, about twenty-five miles southeast of downtown San Antonio.[3] The population was 1,034 in the 2010 census.[4] and has an estimated population of 1,300 in 2015[5] La Vernia is part of the San Antonio Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The La Vernia area was first inhabited by the Coahuiltecan speaking peoples of Texas and subsequently by nomadic bands of Apache and Comanche who migrated to Texas in the 17th century. One of the earliest land grants made was to Erastus "Deaf" Smith. Smith married Guadalupe Ruiz Durán, a Mexican citizen, who was descended from one of the original Tejano or Spanish Texas families;[6] and as such, received a land grant from the Mexican government on Cibolo Creek, north of present-day La Vernia in 1825. This area remained primarily unsettled by Europeans until 1837, when veterans from the Texas Revolution began to arrive.

La Vernia was first settled in earnest around 1850. W. R. Wiseman of Mississippi, who organized a Presbyterian church at the site around 1851, is said to have named the place Live Oak Grove, for a grove of trees nearby.[7]

Brahan Masonic Lodge

In 1853 a post office was established under the name Post Oak.[3] The town's name was changed to La Vernia in 1859. The name came from the local Spanish vernacular for green oaks. Hence, The Brahan Masonic lodge was established in 1859. The building also served as a school and church.[8]

German and Polish immigration brought the population to 110 by 1885. The community was now served by three churches, a steam gristmill, and a cotton gin. During this time, the major crops grown were corn and cotton, which are still major crops in the area today.

In 1890, La Vernia had a population of 200. Construction of the San Antonio and Gulf Railroad across the area in 1893 brought the population to 343 by 1900. A two-teacher school was in operation by 1896. Classes grew to be so large, that they had to move out of the Masonic lodge. The enrollment had grown to sixty-six children.[7]

By 1915, the town operated two cotton gins, a bank, four churches, a pottery plant, a brick works, and supported a population of 500. In 1947, there were seventeen businesses recorded. In 1965, population had increased to 700 residents and twenty-five businesses.[7]

The community incorporated around 1966, and in 1990, had a population of 639 and thirty-six businesses. La Vernia experienced a population drop as people began to migrate to the larger job markets available in neighboring San Antonio, Floresville and Canyon Lake.

In 2000, La Vernia had 136 businesses and a population of 931. The census[1] of 2005 La Vernia had a population of 1,087 of people. In 2010 a new shopping area was built just west of town on Highway 87, including a new H-E-B grocery store and gas station. A longtime grocer, Baumann's Grocery store, closed at the time H-E-B opened.

Geography[edit]

La Vernia is located at 29°21′11″N 98°7′33″W / 29.35306°N 98.12583°W / 29.35306; -98.12583 (29.353106, -98.125777). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2), all land.[9] La Vernia is 489 feet (149 m) above sea level.

Climate[edit]

In San Antonio, July and August tend to be the warmest months with an average high of 95 degrees Fahrenheit (35 °C). The highest temperature ever to be recorded was 111 °F (43.8 °C) on September 5, 2000.[10] The average coolest month is January. The lowest recorded temperature ever was 0 °F (-17.7 °C) on January 31, 1949. May, June, and October have quite a bit of precipitation. For the last 135 years, the average annual precipitation has been 29.05 inches (73.79 cm), with a maximum of 52.28 inches (132.79 cm) and a minimum of 10.11 inches (25.68 cm) in one year.[11]

  1. ^ Official records for San Antonio were kept at downtown from March 1885 to December 1940, at Stinson Municipal Airport from January 1941 to June 1942, and at San Antonio Int'l since July 1942. For more information, see Threadex

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1970425
198063248.7%
19906391.1%
200093145.7%
20101,03411.1%
Est. 20161,409[16]36.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 931 people, 317 households, and 239 families residing in the city. The population density was 482.8 people per square mile (186.2/km²). There were 344 housing units at an average density of 178.4 per square mile (68.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.48% White, 0.11% African American, 0.75% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 4.19% from other races, and 1.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 19.98% of the population.

There were 317 households out of which 40.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.4% were married couples living together, 15.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.6% were non-families. 21.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 17.1% from 45 to 64, and 23.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 81.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 72.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $38,500, and the median income for a family was $46,912. Males had a median income of $35,625 versus $24,844 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,931. About 12.5% of families and 12.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.1% of those under age 18 and 12.6% of those age 65 or over.

La Vernia has a lower crime rate compared to surrounding towns.[17] Statistics presented are based on data collected by the FBI as part of its Uniform Crime Reporting Program. These data represent offenses reported to and arrests made by State and local law enforcement agencies as reported to the FBI. Total 347, Murder is 2, Rape are 3, Robbery is 0, Aggravated Assault has recorded 38, Burglary 70, Larceny - theft is unusually high at 228, Motor vehicle thefts is at 6, and Coverage indicator is 100%.[18]

Education[edit]

La Vernia Independent School District with a total enrollment of 3182 students provides public education to the La Vernia. La Vernia Primary School includes grades Pre-K through 3rd grade. The newly constructed Intermediate School, opened in 2009, includes grades 3-5. The building that now serves as the Junior High was the first school building built for the La Vernia school district. Originally serving all grades, it now houses the 6th, 7th and 8th grades. La Vernia High School consists of grades 9-12.[19]

Private school education is available at La Vernia Christian Teaching Center.[20]

Economy[edit]

La Vernia is located in the center of the Eagle Ford Shale Play, a source of petroleum and natural gas production, which is a significant economic driver of growth and development in South Texas.

The largest employers are La Vernia Independent School District and Guadalupe Valley Electric Cooperative.[21] The highest percentage of employment is in the retail trade with grocery store H-E-B being the largest employer in that industry.[22]

Culture[edit]

The La Vernia Heritage Museum displays artifacts and memorabilia relating to the history and development of the city.[23]

Sports[edit]

La Vernia High School fields girls teams that compete in basketball, softball, soccer, cheerleading, track & field, tennis, volleyball and golf. The school has boys teams that compete in football, baseball, basketball, soccer, track & field, tennis, wrestling and golf.[24]

La Vernia Little League has baseball and softball divisions for ages 4 to 16.[25]

St Ann's La Vernia Catholic Youth Organization has seasons for soccer, volleyball, flag football, basketball, track, baseball, softball and basketball for ages 4 to 16.[26]

The La Vernia Grizzlies Youth Sports Association is a Texas Youth Football Association affiliated organization that offers flag and tackle football, baseball and softball for children ages 4–13. Grizzlies cheerleaders can participate from ages 3–13.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ a b CLAUDIA, HAZLEWOOD, (2010-06-15). "LA VERNIA, TX". tshaonline.org. Retrieved 2016-10-24.
  4. ^ "La Vernia (Lavernia), TX Population - Census 2010 and 2000 Interactive Map, Demographics, Statistics, Quick Facts - CensusViewer". censusviewer.com. Retrieved 2016-10-24.
  5. ^ "Demographics". La Vernia Municipal Development District. Retrieved 19 May 2018.
  6. ^ "Erastus(Deaf)Smith". www.tamu.edu.
  7. ^ a b c CLAUDIA, HAZLEWOOD, (15 June 2010). "LA VERNIA, TX". www.tshaonline.org.
  8. ^ Texas State Historical Commission. "Concrete Cemetery in La Vernia Historical Marker". Retrieved August 24, 2009.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer Files 2016-Places-Texas". US Census. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  10. ^ "VERY HOT EARLY SEPTEMBER 2000 WEATHER". National Weather Service. Archived from the original on 2008-01-03. Retrieved 2007-03-19.
  11. ^ Monthly/Annual/Average Precipitation San Antonio, Texas (1871 - December 2006) Archived 2009-01-14 at the Wayback Machine., National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration.
  12. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2011-12-23.
  13. ^ "Station Name: TX SAN ANTONIO INTL AP". National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2014-03-27.
  14. ^ "WMO Climate Normals for SAN ANTONIO/INTL, TX 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2014-03-10.
  15. ^ "Average Weather for San Antonio, TX - Temperature and Precipitation". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2010-04-20.
  16. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  17. ^ "La Vernia, Texas (TX 78121) profile: population, maps, real estate, averages, homes, statistics, relocation, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, moving, houses, news, sex offenders". www.city-data.com.
  18. ^ http://www.homesurfer.com/crimereports/view/crime_report.cfm?state=TX&area=La%20Vernia
  19. ^ "La Vernia Independent School District". Retrieved 19 May 2018.
  20. ^ "La Vernia Christian Teaching Center/Full Gospel Church". lvctc.com.
  21. ^ "Area Employers". La Vernia Municipal Development District. Retrieved 19 May 2018.
  22. ^ "Workforce Data". La Vernia Municipal Development District. Retrieved 19 May 2018.
  23. ^ La Vernia Heritage Museum
  24. ^ "La Vernia High School". Rank One Sport. Retrieved 19 May 2018.
  25. ^ "Divisions". La Vernia Little League. Retrieved 19 May 2018.
  26. ^ "Sports Information". St Ann LV CYO.

Further reading[edit]

  • "The Good Old Days a history of La Vernia" by the Civic Government class of La Vernia High School, 1936-1937 school year.
  • "Wilson County Centennial 1860-1960" By the Wilson county library, Centennial program handed out at The 100yr centennial celebration.

External links[edit]

Media related to La Vernia, Texas at Wikimedia Commons