La guirlande

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La guirlande (full name: La guirlande, ou Les fleurs enchantées) is an opera by the French composer Jean-Philippe Rameau with a libretto by Jean-François Marmontel. It takes the form of an acte de ballet (a one-act opera with many dance movements). It debuted on 21 September 1751 at the Paris Opéra.

The primary theme is faithfulness, as shown by the characters of two pastoral shepherds. The story occurs in Arcadia, an idealized area of Greece that was a popular setting in the "pastoral" literature of the time.

Performance history[edit]

La Guirlande was first performed on 21 September 1751 at the Paris Opéra along with François Rebel and François Francœur's Les génies tutélaires and an act ("Les sauvages") taken from Rameau's opéra-ballet, Les Indes galantes. It was a great success.[1][2]

This was the first of Rameau's stage works to be revived in the modern era, when it was staged by the Schola Cantorum de Paris on 22 June 1903. After witnessing this performance, Debussy declared, "Vive Rameau! à bas Gluck!" ("Long live Rameau! Down with Gluck!").[3]

Roles[edit]

Cast Voice type Premiere cast
Zélide soprano Marie Fel
Myrtil haute-contre Pierre Jélyotte
Hylas bass M. Person

Synopsis[edit]

Zélide and her lover Myrtil have magic garlands which will stay fresh and green forever as long as they are faithful to each other. However, Myrtil falls for Amaryllis and his garland begins to wither and die. Regretting his action, Myrtil places his garland on the altar of Cupid in the hope that the god will rejuvenate it and save his chances with Zélide.

Zélide finds Myrtil's wilted garland and swaps it for her own. Upon returning to the altar, Myrtil finds his garland apparently restored to life. Praising the god, he returns to Zélide, only to find her with a withered garland of her own!

Myrtil refuses to believe Zélide has been unfaithful to him, despite evidence to the contrary. It is this forgiveness that eventually saves the day. Both the lovers' garlands are restored and they all live happily ever after.

Music[edit]

La Guirlande was the first of several collaborations between Rameau and Marmontel. Much of the music was borrowed from an earlier opera by Rameau, Le temple de la gloire (1745), which had been a failure.[4]

The modern musicologist Cuthbert Girdlestone described the work thus: "It is a flawless piece of Dresden-china Rameau. This is not, in my eyes, the most precious kind of Rameau nor, fortunately, the commonest; indeed, it is seldom that he abides successfully within the slender framework of the bergerie; but he has done so here and the result is perfection, even though the perfection be of a modest order."[5]

Recordings[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Sadler booklet notes p.10
  2. ^ Girdlestone p.467
  3. ^ Girdlestone p.467
  4. ^ Sadler booklet notes p.10
  5. ^ Girdlestone p.467
Sources
  • Girdlestone, Cuthbert, Jean-Philippe Rameau: His Life and Work, New York: Dover, 1969 (paperback edition)
  • Holden, Amanda (Ed.), The New Penguin Opera Guide, New York: Penguin Putnam, 2001. ISBN 0-14-029312-4
  • Sadler, Graham, Booklet notes to the Christie recording