Labana

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Labana , Lubana
Languages Punjabi, Lubanaki
Country Primarily India, a significant population in Europe, UK, United States and Canada
Populated states Punjab, Jammu , Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan.

Labana (sometimes also Lubana, Lavana ) is a social and ethnic group in India. It is a landholding community whose members were traditionally transporters, carriers and merchants who are now mostly agriculturists.[1]

Culture[edit]

Occupation[edit]

According to George Armand Furse, "The Jut and Lobana castes of Sikhs possess in a high degree the useful knowledge of the lading and care of beasts of burden".[2][full citation needed]

Language[edit]

Labanki, the dialect of Labanas, is an extinct Indo-Aryan language. It is a mixture of Marwari, Saraiki, Gujarati and Marathi.[3]

Religion[edit]

Traditionally, Labanas believes in Sati and Shaheeds.[4][full citation needed]

Sikh Labanas[edit]

According to British records 33% of the Labana were baptised Sikhs and were found primarily in the Lahore, Gujranwala, and Sialkot areas. The Labanas (along with many other groups) saw the highest conversions into Sikhism during 1881–1891.[5][full citation needed]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Page 171, THE LUBANAS OF PUNJAB, Kamaljit Singh, Guru Nanak Dev University
  2. ^ Studies on military transport By George Armand Furse P. 215
  3. ^ Chapter 8, THE MAKING OF EXILE: SINDHI HINDUS AND THE PARTITION OF INDIA;NANDITA BHAVNANI Westland, Jul 29, 201
  4. ^ Page 87, THE LUBANAS OF PUNJAB: Researcher: Kamaljit Singh
  5. ^ Transformation of the Sikh Society (Ethene K. Marenco) p. 120

External links[edit]