Labarna I

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Labarna I
Museum of Anatolian Civilizations054 kopie1.jpg
Silver bowl mentioning Labarna
OccupationKing of Hittite empire
Spouse(s)Tawannanna
Childrenseveral sons

Labarna I was the traditional first king of the Hittites, c. early 16th century BC (short chronology). He was the traditional founder of the Hittite Old Kingdom (fl. c. 1600 – 1450 BC). His wife was Tawannanna.

The existence of Labarna I is questioned by some modern scholars. Labarna was also a title of early Hittite rulers,[1] such as Hattusili I. Given the relatively few contemporaneous references to Labarna I personally, some scholars have suggested that pioneering Hittitologists may have erred in assuming that Labarna was the personal name of a king. According to this theory, the first Labarna (in the sense of a title) was Hattusili I, who is normally regarded as the second Labarna.[2]

Tabarna, a variant of Labarna, is mentioned often in Hattian, Hittite, Hurrian and Akkadian texts from the Hittite archives.[3]

Biography[edit]

Labarna was not the first in line to the throne. PU-Sarruma designated Labarna as his successor after his own sons revolted against him. Upon PU-Sarruma's death, Labarna and Papahdilmah, one of PU-Sarruma's sons, contended for the throne, with Labarna emerging victorious.

What little is known about him is culled mainly from the Telepinu Proclamation, which states that he overwhelmed his enemies and "made them borders of the sea",[4] a statement which may refer to conquests as far as the Mediterranean coast in the south, and the Black Sea in the north.

Labarna installed his sons as governors in several cities including Tuwanuwa, Hupisna, Landa, and Lusna (the identities of these cities are uncertain, but thought to perhaps be Tyana, Heraclea Cybistra, Laranda, and Lystra). Through his conquests, he was responsible for laying the groundwork for the Hittite empire that was to come.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Melchert, H. Craig, The Luwians, Brill, 2003, 18ff.
  2. ^ Bryce, Trevor, The Kingdom of the Hittites, Clarendon, 1998, 69
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-05-16. Retrieved 2010-05-16.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) "On the Origin of the Royal Title tabarna / labarna".
  4. ^ [1] §3

External links[edit]

Preceded by
PU-Sarruma (?)
Hittite king
c. early 16th century BC
Succeeded by
Hattusili I