From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Census Town
Labhpur is located in West Bengal
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 23°50′N 87°49′E / 23.83°N 87.82°E / 23.83; 87.82Coordinates: 23°50′N 87°49′E / 23.83°N 87.82°E / 23.83; 87.82
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Birbhum
Elevation 35 m (115 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 5,419
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 731303
Telephone code 91 3463
Sex ratio 944 /
Lok Sabha constituency Bolpur
Vidhan Sabha constituency Labpur
CD Block

Labhpur (also spelt Labpur. Bengali script:লাভপুর), is a census town with a block office,a police station in Bolpur subdivision of Birbhum district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Known to the outside world as the native place of Tarashankar Bandopadhyay and one of the 51 Shakti Peethas and located on the Ahmedpur-Katwa narrow gauge railway, which is being converted into a broad gauge one. It is an extensive rural area subject to droughts in summer followed by occasional floods from the Kuye and Mayurakshi river to the east and north-east.


Labhpur is located at 23°50′N 87°49′E / 23.83°N 87.82°E / 23.83; 87.82.[1] It has an average elevation of 35 m (115 ft).

It lies in the flood plains of Mayurakshi River and when water is released from Massanjore dam and Tilpara barrage in large quantities, flood waters wreak havoc in the area. In 2006, nearly 50,000 people were marooned in Labhpur and surrounding blocks of Birbhum district.[2]


Labhpur is very rich in education. There are presently one high school for boys, one for girls, one junior high school, a junior high madrasha and a central government CBSE coeducational high school. There are also government-aided primary schools, several public primary schools, one degree college under B.U., one ICSE school, two CBSE Schools, one B.Ed and one D.El.Ed college. The main educational institutions in Labhpur town and its surroundings are :


  1. Sambhunath College, Labpur. (Estd. 1963)
  2. Labpur Teachers' Training Institute (B.Ed)
  3. Labpur Teachers' Training Institute (D.El.Ed)

High School

  1. Labpur Jadablal High School(H.S.) (Estd. 1901)
  2. Satyanarayan Shikshaniketan Girls' High School(H.S.) (Estd. 1958)
  3. Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya(CBSE) at Gopalpur. (Estd. 2007)
  4. St. Josheph's Convent School at Laghata. (Estd. 2005)
  5. Jakir Hossain Minority Educational Society (CBSE)
  6. Labpur Jr. High Madrasha. (Estd. 1977)
  7. Laghata Jr. High School. (Estd. 2011)

Primary School

  1. Nirmalshib Junior Basic School. (Estd. 1951)
  2. Jagadamba Junior Basic School. (Estd. 1946)
  3. Sandipan Pathshala. (Estd. 1983)
  4. Sambhu Mukherjee Smriti Prathamik Bidyalaya. (Estd. 1999)
  5. Laghata Santal Primary School.
  6. Bisweshwari Smriti Sishu Siksha Mandir. (Estd. 1977)
  7. Ramkrishna Vivekananda Vidyashram. (Estd. 2000)
  8. Bhaswati Vidyapith. (Estd. 2005)

Sambhunath College: The college was established in 1963. It was named after Sambhunath Bandyopadhyay, the ex-Vice Chancellor of Calcutta University and justice of Calcutta High Court. The land was donated by the Bandyopadhyay(ex-Jamindars) family of Labpur and by Md. Kashem Mullick. The college was re-opened on 1 July 1973 after a period of closure since 1968. Sambhunath Bandyopadhyay, Sudhiranjan Das( VC of Viswa Bharati), Dr.D.M. Sen, Dr.Srikumar Bandyopadhyay, Dr.Satkari Mukhopadhyay, Dr.S.N.Mukherjee, Dr.Ramaranjan Mukhopadhyay, Sri Satya Narayan Bandyopadhyay, Dr.K.D.Roy (first principal of the college) and many other eminent persons were present in the inaugural meeting on 16 August 1963. The chair of the President of governing body of this College was honored by renowned persons like Sambhunath Bandyopadhyay, Somnath Chattopadhyay(ex-Speaker of Loksabha) and Pranab Mukherjee( now the President of India).[3]


It is located on the SuriPhutishanko (state highway 6) road and is about 12 km from Ahmedpur and 11 km from Kirnahar on the Ahmedpur Katwa Railway.[4]

One pair of trains run daily along the 52 km Ahmedpur – Katwa narrow gauge (2' 6") line. It has remained a single line since its inception. Indian Railways took over the narrow gauge tracks between Katwa and Ahmedpur, and Katwa and Bardhaman from McLoyd and Company in 1966. The railways have identified poor turnout of passengers and their unwillingness to buy tickets as the reasons behind the losses incurred by the narrow gauge section.[5] Since 16 January 2013 the train services has been stopped and the work of conversion of the narrow-gauge line into broad-gauge one is in progress.

The bus terminal is very near of Labpur Sambhunath College & Block Development office. Labpur is well connected by bus routes with Siuri, Sainthia, Rampurhat, Bolpur, Kirnahar and other important parts of the district.It is also connected with Burdwan, Durgapur, Asansol, Berhampur, Katwa,Krishnanagar by frequent bus service.


"The charm of the narrow gauge train at Labhpur"
The train at times rattled through the golden paddy fields, with the ducks floating in the ponds and the birds flying around. The cow boy returns with his herd along the muddy path. It's Bengal at its best all through! The curves on the track and the rattles of the moving rail bus made up for an extra ordinary recipe all through. And once the curves were passed by, the track seemed to move straight into the horizon.

Picturesque stations crossed our way through. A station like Labhpur, which has been declared as a model station, has been a dream for me to visit once in my life time. And today my dream came true.

Labhpur is the home town to the famous Bengali writer, Tarashankar Bandopadhyay. Another station that caught my attention particularly was Kirnahar. It is an old station, and has a lot of history behind it. The stations in this narrow gauge line have a similarity. Almost all of them have an existence of a banyan tree. It's wonderful to see them, truly![6]

Saurabh Basu

Traditionally, there used to be a weekly market, locally called hat. Apart from vegetables, such needs as pottery, wooden materials, iron materials, baskets, seeds etc. were available. But at present the economy of Labpur is changed. There are 4 main market 1.Old busstand market, 2.BDO complex, 3. Sastinagar market & 4.Hattala. Labpur is also important for the villages situated near Labpur.


Tarashankar country[edit]

Tarashankar Bandopadhyay, the Bengali writer, was born at Labhpur on 23 July 1898. He passed matriculation from Labhpur in 1916.[7] Many of his novels and stories carry vivid descriptions of the area.

In the novel Hansulibanker Upkatha, he writes, "The Hansulibank countryside is somewhat rough land. Here, man’s fight is more with land, than that with rivers. When drought comes, in extreme summer, the river becomes a desert, it is a land of sand – only deep water somehow manages to weave a narrow way through it. The land then is transformed into rock. The grass dries up. The land heats up as if it is a piece of heated-up iron."[8]

In his novel Ganadevata, he quotes a rural rhyme

Poush-Poush, golden Poush,
Come Poush but don’t go away, don’t ever leave,
Don’t leave Poush, Don’t,
The husband and son will eat a full bowl of rice.[8]

Labpur Atulshiv Club, Birbhum Sangskriti Bahini and Dishari Sangskritik Chakra are among the renowned cultural organisations in Labhpur. Besides other cultural activities, these organisations stages dramas regularly in and outside Labhpur.


The most important festival of Labhpur is Durga Puja, followed by Jagdahatri Puja and Rash Yatra. The Banerjee Family celebrates the jagadhatri Puja with the same festivity since last 200 years.On the day of Rash Yatra (a couple of days after the Jagadhatri Puja), a procession goes from the Thakur Badi to the Rath Tala. There, the annual feast of Krishna is celebrated. Another great festival of this region is the Fullara Mela (fair), which is held on the first full moon of Bengali month of Magh. The annual celebration of Laxmi Puja, Kali Puja and the Village Goddess Maa Rakhkha Kali are also celebrated. The Mahashivratri festival is observed by worshipping Shiva and holding fasts. The Prominent clubs celebrating Durga Puja include: 1. Pallisamaj. 2. Bright Star Club. 3. Atul Shiv Club 4.Sasthinagar Young Society. The Tran Samiti club celebrates Kali Puja. Sasthinagar Young Society also celebrates Kali puja. Muslim festivals (like Yeed-ul-jjua, Maharam etc.)are also celebrated in Labpur.

Nearby places[edit]


According to mythology, when Mahadeva danced around with Sati’s dead body cutting it to pieces, the lip fell at Fullara. There is a big pond beside the temple. According to hearsay, Hanuman collected 108 blue lotuses from the pond when Sri Ramachandra required them for the worship of goddess Durga.[9] It is considered to be one of the fifty-one shakti peethas in India.[4]


There is a pond whose waters are popularly believed to have the powers to heal arthritis.[9]

Gobinda Sagar[edit]

This is actually a part of Laghata River dissected off earlier. From this pond once, a statue of Lord Sri Krishna was found. It is located by the side of Rathtala region of Labhpur.

Thakur Badi[edit]

This is an ancient Temple decorated with precious marble stones, about 1 km from the station. This temple was founded by Satyanarayana Banerjee. Here, several idols of Gods are present, including those of Lord Sri Krishna, Lord Ganesha and Lord Karthik. The famous Rash Yatra is celebrated here with great ceremonies and rituals.

The Sadars[edit]

There are four groups of Temples at Labpur, which are popularly known as "Sadars". The temples usually are centering the four ancient shrines to Goddess Durga. These are:
1. Kulin Para, the group belonging to the Chattopadhay family.
2. Nicher Sadar, the group belonging to the Bandopadhay family.
3. Upaar Sadar, the group belonging to the Sarkar and Chattopadhay families.
4. Mukhopadhyay family,popularly known as mukujje family of labhpur
5.Dutta Pada, the group belonging to the Dutta family.
All these temples are enriched with inner-temples to Lord Shiva. The four families were once the Zamindar or Landlord of Labhpur, who wished to be remembered by erecting these temples.

See also[edit]

  • Labhpur travel guide from Wikivoyage


  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Labhpur
  2. ^ "Rising flood waters claim 4". The Telegraph, 12 July 2006. Retrieved 2007-08-24. 
  3. ^ Sambhunath College Golden Jubilee Souvenir
  4. ^ a b "Labhpur". Birbhum District administration. Retrieved 2007-08-24. 
  5. ^ "Narrow gauge gets a new lease of life". The Statesman, 14 October 2004. Retrieved 2007-09-12. [dead link]
  6. ^ Basu, Saurabh. "Ahmadpur-Katwa NG Trip". The Indian Railways Fan Club. Archived from the original on 10 February 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-12. 
  7. ^ Badiuzzaman (2012). "Bandyopadhyay, Tarashankar". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 
  8. ^ a b Mukhopadhyay, Manabendra, Tarashankar’s Birbhum , Paschim Banga , Birbhum Special Issue, February 2006, (Bengali), pp. 259-68, Information & Cultural Department, Government of West Bengal.
  9. ^ a b "Fullara". seemyindia. Archived from the original on 6 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-16.