Labialized palatal approximant

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Not to be confused with Կ or Ч.
For consonants followed by superscript ᶣ, see Labio-palatalization.
Labialized palatal approximant
IPA number 171
Entity (decimal) ɥ
Unicode (hex) U+0265
Kirshenbaum j<rnd>
Braille ⠲ (braille pattern dots-256) ⠓ (braille pattern dots-125)

The labialized palatal approximant, also called the labial–palatal or labio-palatal approximant, is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. It has two constrictions in the vocal tract: with the tongue on the palate, and rounded at the lips. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ɥ, a rotated lowercase letter h, or occasionally , since it is a labialized [j].

The labialized palatal approximant is the semivocalic equivalent of the close front rounded vowel [y]. The two are almost identical featurally. They alternate with each other in certain languages, such as French, and in the diphthongs of some languages, ɥ and with the non-syllabic diacritic are used in different transcription systems to represent the same sound.


Features of the labial-palatal approximant:


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Abkhaz ауаҩы [awaˈɥə] 'human' See Abkhaz phonology
Chinese Mandarin /y [ɥœ˥˩] 'moon' See Mandarin phonology
French nuit About this sound [nɥi]  'night' Realized as [w] in Belgium. See French phonology
Korean /gwi [kɥi] 'ear' See Korean phonology
Swedish yla [ˈyː(ɥ)la] 'howl' Occurrence varies with dialect. See Swedish phonology

See also[edit]