Laborec (ruler)

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Laborec was an alleged White Croat ruler in the 9th century, who was a vassal of Great Moravia. He is mentioned in Gesta Hungarorum by Bele Regis Notarius. At the time of the Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin around 896, Laborec opposed the conquest of Carpathian Ruthenia by Hungarian tribes led by Árpád, according to the Gesta Hungarorum.

During the 9th century a fortified castle changed into a fortified early feudal town-settlement (now Uzhhorod), which became the centre of a new Slavonic principality, at the head of which was Laborec, who was a vassal of Great Moravia.

When Tsar Simeon the Great began expanding his Bulgarian Empire, he gained control of a segment of "White Croatia", forcing Laborec to recognize his authority at the end of the 9th century. In 896 the Hungarian tribes crossed the Carpathian Range and migrated into Pannonian Basin. Prince Laborec fell from power under the efforts of the Hungarians and the Kievan forces;[1][2][3] many of these forces remained behind and were assimilated by the White Croats.

Laborec was defeated and killed on the banks of the Laborec river that still carries his name.

According to a number of contemporary historians (for example Gyula Kristó, Ferenc Makk, etc.), Laborec was not a real person.[4][5][6]


  1. ^ Uzhgorod and Mukachevo: a guide, Dmitriĭ Ivanovich Pop, Ivan Ivanovich Pop, Raduga Publishers, 1987, page 14.,
  2. ^ Our people: Carpatho-Rusyns and their descendants in North America, Paul R. Magocsi, Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers, 2005, page 5.
  3. ^ Endangered peoples of Europe: struggles to survive and thrive, Jean S. Forward, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2001, page 132.
  4. ^ Kristó, Gyula (General Editor); Engel, Pál (Editor); Makk, Ferenc (Editor) (1994). Korai Magyar Történeti Lexikon (9-14. század) (Encyclopedia of the Early Hungarian History - 9-14th centuries). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó. p. 753. ISBN 963 05 6722 9.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  5. ^ Köpeczi, Béla (General Editor); Makkai, László (Editor); Mócsy, András (Editor); Szász, Zoltán (Editor); Barta, Gábor (Assistant Editor) (1994). History of Transylvania. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó. ISBN 963 05 6703 2.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  6. ^ Benkő, Bóna, Jakó, Tonk, Vekov, ERDÉLY A KERESZTÉNY MAGYAR KIRÁLYSÁGBAN, 2001, ISBN 973-8231-05-1.