Labour and Co-operative

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Labour and Co-operative Party
Parliamentary Group Chair Gavin Shuker
Parliamentary Group Vice-Chair Anna Turley
General Secretary Iain McNicol
(Labour Party)
General Secretary Claire McCarthy
(Co-operative Party)
Founded 7 June 1927; 90 years ago (1927-06-07)
Ideology Co-operation
Social democracy
Democratic socialism
Political position Centre-left
Colours      Red
House of Commons
38 / 650
House of Lords
18 / 800
Scottish Parliament
7 / 129
Welsh Assembly
11 / 60
London Assembly
7 / 25
Local government
1,500 / 20,690
Police & Crime Commissioners
3 / 40

Labour and Co-operative Party (often abbreviated Labour Co-op; Welsh: Llafur a’r Blaid Gydweithredol) is a description used by candidates in United Kingdom elections who stand on behalf of both the Labour Party and the Co-operative Party.

Candidates contest elections under an electoral alliance between both parties, that was first agreed in 1927.[1] This agreement recognises the independence of the two parties and commits them to not standing against each in other in elections.[2] It also sets out the procedures for both parties to select joint candidates and interact at a local and national level.

At the 2017 General Election, 38 Labour and Co-operative MPs were elected, making it the third largest political group in the House of Commons.[3] The Chair of the Co-operative Parliamentary Group is Gavin Shuker and the Vice-chair is Anna Turley.[4]

Description[edit]

Labour and Co-operative is a joint description registered with the Electoral Commission, appearing alongside a candidate's name on ballot papers.[5] When elected, the designation is officially Labour and Co-operative Party, with elected representatives often meeting together in addition to being part of an official Labour group. For example, MPs and Peers are members of the Co-operative Parliamentary Group.[6]

Most Labour and Co-operative candidates use the joint description but some stand under another version, particularly for local government elections and elections in Scotland, Wales and London that use a list system. In this case only one description will be used to avoid voters thinking Labour and Co-operative candidates are standing against Labour candidates; however joint candidates are still recognised as part of the Labour and Co-operative Group if they are elected.[7]

Labour and Co-operative candidates and representatives also use a joint logo on their printed materials and websites.

History[edit]

The Labour Party was founded in February 1900, followed in October 1917 by the Co-operative Party. Initially both parties operated independently, but saw each other as part of a broader movement, appealing to a similar voting base. At a local level, the parties began working together, with informal pacts to stand agreed candidates to maximise the vote for centre-left candidates. The first Co-operative Party MPs also took the whip of the much larger Labour Party upon entering the House of Commons.[8]

Moves toward a formal national partnership began in 1925 with the creation of the 'Joint Committee of the Executive Committees of the Co-operative Party and Labour Party'. This Joint Committee drafted a formal agreement between the two parties that was ratified at the June 1927 Co-operative Congress at Cheltenham, becoming the first 'National Agreement', also known as the 'Cheltenham Agreement'.[9]

The Agreement was updated a number of times throughout the twentieth century, deepening the partnership between the two parties and gradually removing restrictions that formed part of earlier versions, such as a limit on the number of joint candidates in elections. The most recent National Agreement was signed in 2003 and sets out the process for selecting candidates and how the two parties can work together locally and nationally.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Whitecross, Angela Francis (January 2015). Co-operative Commonwealth or New Jerusalem? The Co-operative Party and the Labour Party, 1931-1951 (PDF). University of Central Lancashire. p. 79. 
  2. ^ "National Agreement between the Labour Party and the Co-operative Party 2003" (PDF). Co-operative Party. Retrieved 12 June 2017. 
  3. ^ "Co-operative Party Registration Summary". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 12 June 2017. 
  4. ^ "Co-operative Party NEC". Co-operative Party. Retrieved 12 June 2017. 
  5. ^ "Record Number of Co-operative Party MPs Elected". Co-operative Party. 12 June 2017. Retrieved 12 June 2017. 
  6. ^ "Rules of the Co-operative Party" (PDF). Co-operative Party. Retrieved 12 June 2017. 
  7. ^ "Local Government Factsheet". Co-operative Party. Retrieved 12 June 2017. 
  8. ^ Rosen, Greg (2007). "Serving the People: Co-operative Party History from Fred Perry to Gordon Brown". Co-operative Party. ISBN 978-0-9549161-4-5. 
  9. ^ Whitecross, Angela Francis (January 2015). Co-operative Commonwealth or New Jerusalem? The Co-operative Party and the Labour Party, 1931-1951 (PDF). University of Central Lancashire. p. 79. 
  10. ^ "National Agreement between the Labour Party and the Co-operative Party 2003" (PDF). Co-operative Party. Retrieved 12 June 2017.